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Classical Approaches to Organizational Communication John Orman Comm 168.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Approaches to Organizational Communication John Orman Comm 168."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Approaches to Organizational Communication John Orman Comm 168

2 The Machine Metaphor Organizations functioned much like a machine 3 Aspects: Specialization Standardization or Replaceability Predictability

3 Specialization Every part has a specific function

4 Standardization Parts in one machine, are the same as those in a similar machine

5 Predictability Rules govern the way a machine is built When broken, only a finite number of solutions Should always be fixable

6 Fayol’s Theory of Classical Management Elements (5) Planning Organizing Command Coordination Control

7 Classical Management Scalar Chain – Strict vertical hierarchy Unity of Command – Receive orders from only one supervisor Unity of Direction – Similar goals for single supervisor Division of Labor – Limited tasks for employees Order – Appointed place for each employee Span of Control – Limited power for managers

8 Relationships in Organizations Organizational Power Organizational Reward Organizational Attitude

9 Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy Function of Authority Traditional – based on long standing beliefs

10 Function of Authority Charismatic Authority – power based on personality and ability to attract and interact with followers

11 Functions of Authority Rational-Legal Authority – based on rules developed through a reliance on information and expertise Every leader has power made legitimate by the system of rational norms

12 Taylor’s Theory of Scientific Management One best way to do every job Proper selection of workers for the job Importance of training workers

13 Classical Management in Modern Organizations Each modern system has classic values


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