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6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Relative pronouns Mais jai téléphoné chez toi. Je suis tombée sur une fille qui était très gentille.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Relative pronouns Relative pronouns are used to link two ideas containing a common element into a single, complex sentence, thereby eliminating the repetition of the common element. The relative pronoun to use is determined by the grammatical function of the noun it replaces, called the antecedent.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns In the sentences below, the common element, or antecedent, is lenfant. Because lenfant is the subject of the second sentence, the relative pronoun qui replaces it. La mère a grondé lenfant. The mother scolded the child. Lenfant était insupportable. The child was unbearable. La mère a grondé lenfant qui était insupportable. The mother scolded the child who was unbearable.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns The relative pronoun que replaces a direct object. Le saumon est excellent. The salmon is excellent. Jai trouvé le saumon. I found the salmon. Le saumon que jai trouvé est excellent. The salmon that I found is excellent.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns ATTENTION! In English, relative pronouns can sometimes be omitted. Relative pronouns cannot be omitted in French. Le parent que jai perdu récemment était mon arrière- grand-père. The relative (whom) I lost is was my great-grand-father.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns A past participle that follows the relative pronoun que agrees in gender and number with its antecedent. La tarte que tu as faite était délicieuse. The pie that you made was delicious.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns The relative pronoun où can stand for a place or a time, so it can mean where or when. Cest un supérette où on peut trouver des produits biologiques. Its a min-market where you can find organic food. Téléphone-moi au moment où notre nièce arrive. Call me the moment that (when) our niece arrives.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns The relative pronoun dont replaces an object of the preposition de. On est allés à lypermarché. We went to the supermarket. Je tai parlé de lhypermarché. I talked to you about the supermarket. On est allés à lhypermarche dont je tai parlé. We had the supermarket (that) I talked to you about.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns Since the preposition de can indicate possession, dont can mean whose. Les enfants dont le père est autoritaire sont souvent punis. The children, whose father is strict, are often punished.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns Use lequel as a relative pronoun to represent the object of a preposition. Note that the preposition is retained and always precedes the relative pronoun. Cest le citron bio avec lequel je vais faire la sauce. Thats the organic lemon with which I am going to prepare the sauce. Cest la raison pour laquelle je suis venu. This is why (the reason for which) I came.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns Remember that lequel and its forms laquelle, lesquels, and lesquelles agree in gender and number with the objects they represent. Remember, too, that when lequel combines with à or de, contractions may be formed. With àWith de auquel auxquels auxquelles duquel desquels desquelles
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns The relative pronoun lequel usually does not refer to people. If the object of the preposition is human, use the relative pronoun qui along with the preposition. Cest une relation sur laquelle je peux compter. Thats a relationship I can count on. but Cest la femme avec qui Paul est très lié This is the woman with whom Paul is very close-knit.
6.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Demonstrative pronouns If a relative pronoun refers to an unspecified antecedent, use ce que, ce qui, or ce dont, which often mean what. Le problème qui minquiète, cest le fossé des générations. The problem that worries me is the generation gap. Le viande que je préfère, cest la volaille. The meat that I prefer is poultry. Lingrédient dont elle a besoin, cest un conservateur. The ingredients that she needs is a preservative. Ce qui minquiète, cest le fossé des générations.. What worries me is the generation gap. Ce que je préfère, cest la volaille. What I prefer is poultry. Ce dont elle a besoin, cest un conservateur. What she needs is a preservative.
1.3 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Forming questions Rising intonation is the simplest way to ask a question. Just say the same words as.
Par Hannah et Heather Pronoms Relatifs. Just as in English, a French relative pronoun links a dependent/relative clause (a clause that cannot stand alone)
Relative Pronouns Qui, que. Qui Qui can function as a subject or as an indirect object (person) Translations: who, what, which, that, whom.
Relative pronouns are words that connect two clauses of a sentence to create a more complex sentence rather than having two simpler sentences with repetitive.
Français 2 Chapitre 9 Grammaire 1 Relative pronouns; present participles.
3.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passé composé with être Finalement cest elle qui nest pas venue. Et vous êtes venue quand même?
I NTRODUCTION TO F RENCH S UBJECT P RONOUNS Lesson.
Les pronoms relatifs définis qui, que, où, dont. A relative pronoun connects two clauses relating to one noun called the antecedent: Je ne connais pas.
La Partie Orale de lExamen Final de Français II Information Générale Choissis UNE fiche On fait une conversation de CINQ échanges en français. Cette.
Ce que / Ce qui The thing that……... To get top marks in French, we need some really good vocab or idiomatic expressions as some people might call them!
Continué... Two types of questions Yes/no questions Information questions 3 ways to write a question in French Intonation Voice rises at the end Est-ce.
Les pronoms. Introduction We use pronouns to replace nouns in sentences so that our speech is less repetitive. Example: The dog is called Marta. John.
Pronouns A pronoun is word which replaces a ………… noun Examples of pronouns in French are je, tu, ils, elles etc; these are words which replace, for example,
Amuse-toi avec les pronoms directs et indirects!.
Pronoms sujets Subject Pronouns. The subject of a sentence is the person or thing which performs the action.
Forming questions & Using est-ce-que. French Question Words: Quand …. ? Pourquoi Où Comment Que / quoi Qui Avec qui À quelle heure When … ? Why Where.
Que quien lo que. No es lo que dije… Lo que me gusta de Highlands es.
LINTERROGATION notes below Introduction Yes/no questions - Information questions Intonation Intonation Est-ce que/ Est-ce que/ nest-ce pas? nest-ce pas?
The French Basics French 8 Review. Nouns: Gender and Number Nouns in French are either Masculine or Feminine. The gender of the noun is usually memorized.
My, your, his, her, our, their.. Possessive adjectives are words which tell you who something or someone belongs to e.g my coat, your pen, his book, our.
It & They Unit 1: Lesson 6. Abbreviations In this slide presentation, you will notice the following abbreviations. These are their meanings: ?undefined.
UNITÉ 1 AU JOUR LE JOUR. avoir + past participle – er = é – ir = i – re = u être + past participle – PP must agree with subject in number and gender masc.
Learning Objectives: To know what an INFINITIVE is and how to use it to help you build sentences.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.1-1 Point de départ A noun designates a person, place, or thing. As in English, nouns in French have number.
LES QUESTIONS DU 5E. How long will the exam be? 7 th 7 th grade Exam is on Thursday, June 4 from 8:15 to 10:00. Thats Thats 1 hour and 45 minutes 105.
1.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The irregular verbs être, avoir, faire, and aller The four most common irregular verbs in French are.
This meeting will be conducted in French with the support of this visual presentation. The facilitator will ensure that all participants will be able to.
Les pronoms sujets Unite 3 Lecon 6. When we want to talk about anything in French we need a subject for our sentence. We have seen a couple of French.
What this seminar will cover 1 Important factors to bear in mind when choosing a bilingual dictionary How to use the dictionary navigation tools to get.
The Basic Outline Les pronoms direct: le, la, les The direct object: to find the direct object of the sentence ask the question what or who of the verb.
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