Presentation on theme: "“The father of child psychology.”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “The father of child psychology.” “It is with children that we have the best chance of studying the development of logical knowledge, mathematical knowledge, physical knowledge, and so forth.”Jean PiagetMelissa Pineda“The father of child psychology.”
2 Biographical Information Born in Switzerland on August 9, 1896 and died the 16th of September in 1980.Psychologist and Natural Scientist.As a child he was interested in biology and natural science and even published some of his papers before graduating.Piaget published his first science paper when being 10 years old.Married Valentine Châtenay (one of his students) and had 3 children.
3 Biographical Information Piaget had one goal, how did knowledge grow.He studied his 3 children, Jacqueline, Laurent and Lucienne from infancy to the growth of knowledge.He was not only interested in psychology, but in sociology, education, epistemology, economics and law.Before Piaget, there was no one who examined how intelligence develops through childhood and into adulthood.
4 Important!!!Piaget moved to Switzerland where he worked as a teacher for street school for boys, he noticed that children kept making a pattern of wrong answers to some of his questions. He later proves that children’s cognitive intelligence is different from that of young adults and adults.
5 How Does Knowledge Grow? Children’s logic and modes of thinking are initially entirely different from those of adults.Logic is acquired through time, growth, experience and education.
6 Contributions to Phsychology Theory: He examined children through observing, talking and listening to them while they worked on exercises he set them.Through his examination, Piaget developed his idea of stages of cognitive development.
7 More…Piaget saw children as active participants in the development of knowledge building their own understanding.Piaget argued that children try to make sense of the world around them which is called the process of adaptation.
8 Cognitive Development? Defined as thinking, problem solving, understanding, processing information and in general the use of intelligence.Piaget affirmed that these stages differ not only in the quantity of information acquired at each and in the quality of knowledge and understanding at each stage.The movement from one stage to the next occurs when the child matures and has gained experience.
9 Pieaget’s Cognitive Development Stages (Birth – 2 Years Old) Sensorimotor(2 – 7 Years Old)Preoperational(7 – 11 Years Old)Concrete Operational(Adolescence – Adulthood)Formal Operational
10 Cognitive Development Stages (Birth – 2 Years Old)Sensori MotorMotor activity without the use of symbols.Everything is based on physical interactions & experiences.Memory= Acquired at 7 months.Physical development allows the child to begin developing new intellectual abilities.Symbols are used at the end of this stage.(2 – 7 Years Old)PreOperationalUse of symbols, language, and memory and imagination are developed.Non- Logical thinking .Egocentric thinking.(7 – 11 Years Old)Concrete OperationalLogic & manipulation of symbols in relation to objects.Operational thinking develops.Egocentric thought diminishes.(Adolescence – Adulthood)Formal OperationalLogical use of symbols related to abstract concepts.Early in the period there is a return to egocentric thought.Start thinking formally while in adulthood, not everyone does successfully though.
11 Sensori Motor (Birth – 2 Years Old) The child learns about himself and his enviornment through the use of his/her senses.
12 Pre - Operational (2 – 7 Years Old) The child begins to use symbols to represent objects. Kids are not only conscious about the present, they remember the past as well.
13 Concrete Operational (7 – 11 Years Old) Child accomodates to different types of enviornment. Ability of thinking increases, they are able to explain what they feel.
14 Formal Operational (Adolescence – Adulthood) Hypothetical and deductive reasoning. This person doesn’t need objects to make explanations of any sort of thing.
15 A Better Understanding of the 4 stages! VideosPiaget’s ExplanationA Better Understanding of the 4 stages!
16 Short ReminderBorn: August 9, 1896 Birthplace: Neuchatel, Switzerland Died: September 11, 1980Location of death: Geneva, Switzerland Occupation: PsychologistNationality: Switzerland Theory: Elaborated the stages of childhood, explaining each of them.Father: Arthur Piaget Mother: Rebecca Jackson Wife: Valentine Chatenay Daughter: Jacqueline Daughter: Lucienne Son: Laurent
17 Cognitive Development Stages Children may vary as to how long they are in each phase, but they progress through them in the same order and do not skip a phase.Stages are universal and do not vary from one culture to the next.Related to cognitive development.Each stage is a logically organized.Sequence of stages is hierarchical.Each stage represents qualitative differences in forms of thinking, not quantitative differences.
18 Works Cited Page"Piaget's Cognitive Stages." honolulu.hawaii.edu n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <"A Brief Biography of Jean Piaget." Jean Piaget Society n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <"Piaget's Contribution to Child Development - Cognitive Development and Jean Piaget." Bukisa Share your Knowledge, Earn Money n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <Piaget's Contribution to Child Development - Cognitive Development and Jean Piaget>."Characteristics of Cognitive Development ." National Fragile X Foundation, Youre not Alone n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <Characteristics of Cognitive Development >."Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development." Jean Piaget, Cognitive Development n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <"Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development." Jean Piaget n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <"Jean Piaget." NNDB n. pag. Web. 20 Sep <