Aim: How did absolute monarchs justify (defend) their rule?
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1 Aim: How did absolute monarchs justify (defend) their rule? Do Now: Copy the definition of an “absolute monarch.”Absolute Monarch: is a King or Queen that has total control of their country and colonies.Answer the following question:“Which person in this school is closest to being an absolute monarch? Why?Homework: Louis XIV was known as the Sun King because everything in France revolved around him like the planets around the sun. What powers did he possess that led his people to describe him this way? Answer in a paragraph.
3 Setting the Scene:"I have had an idea that will give much pleasure to the people here” wrote Louis XIV. His plan was to throw a grand party. Each guest would receive a ticket for a prize of jewelry, and every ticket would be a winner. At Louis's bidding, some 600 noble guests flocked to the royal palace for a week of sumptuous feasts, pageants, sports, dances, plays, and music. This show was the first of many spectacles organized by Louis XIV. By the late 1600s, Louis was absolute monarch of France and the most powerful ruler in Europe. Yet, just 100 years earlier, France had been torn apart by wars of religion.
4 Activity:Read Documents #1 and #2. Answer questions 1-3, in full sentences in your notebook.
5 NOTES: Absolute Monarchy A. Louis XIV 1. King of France, ruled 72 years( )2. Ruled with total power—no one was to challenge him.3. Nicknamed the “Sun King” because everything revolved around him and that he was all powerful.
6 1643 - 5 year-old Louis XIV inherited the throne Louis XIV, the Sun Kingyear-old Louis XIV inherited the throne"Le Roi du Soleil" (the Sun King)
7 NOTES CONTINUED:4. He was the first “Divine Right” King, which meant he stated that God had selected him to rule France. Disobeying him was the same as disobeying God.5. French people were heavily taxed to provide the King with a luxurious (fancy) lifestyle.
8 A. "I Am the State"Louis IV firmly believed in divine right and took the sun as the symbol of his absolute power
9 Activity:Read Document #3 and answer questions 4-5, in full sentences in your notebook.
11 Notes:6. Palace at Versailles was built for the King and he used it to house over 10,000 nobles (upper class) and clergymen (church). Louis XIV kept his friends close and his enemies closer to prevent (stop) rebellions.