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Press Escape to quit Presentation of structures STRUCTURE number 1 STRUCTURE number 2 STRUCTURE number 3 STRUCTURE number 4 STRUCTURE number 5 STRUCTURE.

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Presentation on theme: "Press Escape to quit Presentation of structures STRUCTURE number 1 STRUCTURE number 2 STRUCTURE number 3 STRUCTURE number 4 STRUCTURE number 5 STRUCTURE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Press Escape to quit Presentation of structures STRUCTURE number 1 STRUCTURE number 2 STRUCTURE number 3 STRUCTURE number 4 STRUCTURE number 5 STRUCTURE number 6 STRUCTURE number 7

2 Press Escape to quit News item - Structures Structure 1Structure 1, Structure 2, Structure 3, Structure 4,Structure 2Structure 3tructure 4 Structure 5, Structure 6, Structure 7,tructure 5Structure 6Structure Topics : Advertising, AIDS, Cars and car drivers, Drugs, The European Union, Genetically engineered or modified food, Global warming, Globalisation, Health, The homeless, The internet, Living in a city/in the country, Living with ones parents, Marriage, Men/Women parity, Nature, Politics, The price of petrol, Racism, Robots and man, Sharing a flat, Smoking, Sport, Studying abroad, Taxes, Television, Third world countries, Unemployment, and so on…

3 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 1 To present the main reason(s) for a choice (présenter la/les raisons d'un choix) "What are the main criteria when V-ING (=an action which implies a choice) ? Besides the background reasons such as (sth), there are other fundamentals." TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

4 Press Escape to quit TEXT (1) " What are the main criteria when picking a foreign country as an investment target? Besides the background reasons such as rates of return on the investment and the degree of risk, there are other fundamentals." (Click and listen)Click and listen Investment international, May 1991, P.15, Swiss bankrolls (bankroll=a supply of money).

5 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (1) Quels sont les principaux critères lorsqu'on fait le choix d'un pays étranger pour y investir? Mises à part les raisons de fond telles que la rentabilité de l'investissement et l'importance du risque, il y a d'autres éléments essentiels.

6 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES Nature : - What are the main criteria when (buy)ing (a "green" product)? Besides the background reasons such as (helping to protect nature), there are other fundamentals. Nature Politics : - What are the main criteria when (choos)ing (a political career)? Besides the background reasons such as (the strong desire to serve one's country), there are other fundamentals. Politics

7 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 2 To present a behaviour contrasting with what was expected (présenter un comportement surprenant) (Sby) used to be far more likely to (do...) than (do...) TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

8 Press Escape to quit TEXT (2) (About East-Germany youngsters) They used to be far more likely to throw a Molotov cocktail than put on a show. (Click and listen)Click and listen "Sensitivity training for Neo-Nazis", NEWSWEEK, April 27, 1992.

9 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (2) Autrefois, on s'attendait beaucoup plus voir les jeunes de lAllemagne de lEst jeter un cocktail Molotov qu'organiser un spectacle.

10 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLE (2) Nature : (Industrialists) used to be far more likely to (think of their profits) than (take care of the environment). Sport : (In the sixties young people) used to be far more likely to (do sport) than (sit in front of a computer).

11 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 3 To present a tendency, a common attitude that can be criticised. (présenter une tendance, une attitude qui peut être critiquée) Advocates of (sth) often fall prey to the temptation of referring to (sth) as (sth) TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

12 Press Escape to quit TEXT (3) Advocates of European unity often fall prey to the temptation of referring to Europe as "a family" (Click and listen)Click and listen "European Unity", THE EUROPEAN, May 31st, 1992

13 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (3) Les partisans de l'unité européenne cèdent souvent à la tentation de comparer l'Europe à une famille

14 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES (3) Nature : Advocates of (ecology) often fall prey to the temptation of referring to (Nature) as (everyone's mother). English : Advocates of (the English language) often fall prey to the temptation of referring to (English) as (THE international language). Sport : Advocates of (sport) often fall prey to the temptation of referring to (physical activities) as (an essential part of life).

15 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 4 To present a dilemna. (présenter un dilemne) Therein lies the challenge facing ( sby/sth) - how to (do) while (doing). TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

16 Press Escape to quit TEXT (4) Therein lies the challenge facing a united Europe - how to combine a political and economic unity with a cultural and a linguistic diversity, while enhancing mutual tolerance and respect. (Click and listen)Click and listen "European Unity", THE EUROPEAN, May 31st, 1992

17 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (4) Voilà le défi auquel est confrontée une Europe unie: comment combiner une unité politique et économique avec une diversité culturelle et linguistique, tout en renforçant la tolérance et le respect mutuel.

18 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES (4) Nature : Therein lies the challenge facing (the greens) - how to (take part in governmental action) while (remain)ing (true to their basic ideas). Sport : Therein lies the challenge facing ( sportsmen) - how to (stay at the top/win) while (refus)ing (drugs/be)ing (clean).

19 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 5 To express a change in sbys attitude. (exprimer un changement dans l'attitude de qn.) (sby) have to abandon (ones) long-cherished notion that a (...) is a (...) that (do) TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

20 Press Escape to quit TEXT (5) Managers will also have to abandon their long-cherished notion that a productive employee is an employee that can be seen. (Click and listen)Click and listen " The eternal coffee-break ", The Economist

21 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (5) Les dirigeants devront également abandonner le sentiment qu'ils ont depuis longtemps qu'un employé productif est un employé que l'on peut voir.

22 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES (5) Nature : (Ecologists) will have to abandon their long- cherished notion that (a safe policy) is (a policy) that (ignores technical progress). Sport : (Spectators) abandoned their long-cherished notion that (a dangerous car) is (a car) that (goes fast).

23 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 6 To give a justification for sth (donner une justification à qc.) The impact of (sth) has been important and explains why (clause). TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

24 Press Escape to quit TEXT (6) The psychological impact of the collapse has been immense and explains why people will subject themselves to a killing routine like the trans-German commute. (Click and listen)Click and listen (May, 25, 1992): " Westward Ho! And Back Again", TIME, P.57

25 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (6) L'impact psychologique de cet effondrement a été immense et explique pourquoi les gens s'imposent cette routine mortelle que sont les trajets d'une Allemagne à une autre.

26 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES (6) Nature : The impact of (last autumn floods) has been important and explains why (the French are becoming aware of the dangers of modern farming). Sport : The impact of (the world cup) has been immense and explains why (there is so much football on tv).

27 Press Escape to quit STRUCTURE number 7 To express an agreement on sth (exprimer un accord sur qc.) It was agreed that (sby/sth) would (vb) TEXT TRANSLATION EXAMPLES

28 Press Escape to quit TEXT (7) It was agreed that the executive committee of the rugby league would be the controlling body for the game. (Click and listen)Click and listen (January ): " Storm fear Saints may turn sinners", The Guardian, P.15

29 Press Escape to quit TRANSLATION (7) On sest mis daccord sur le fait que le comité de direction du rugby à treize serait lorgane de contrôle pour cette partie.

30 Press Escape to quit EXAMPLES (7) Nature : It was agreed that (every component) would (be written on products). Sport : It is agreed that (tv) will (pay for every match).


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