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Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users P. L. 109-59 SAFETEA-LU.

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Presentation on theme: "Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users P. L. 109-59 SAFETEA-LU."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users P. L. 109-59 SAFETEA-LU

2  Highways, Highway Safety, Transit, Other  5-year legislation – 2005 - 2009  Signed into law August 10, 2005  P. L. 109-59

3 SAFETEA-LU Total Funding FY 2005-2009FY 2004-2009 Federal-aid Highways $193.0 B$227.4 B Public Transportation $ 45.2 B$ 52.6 B Highway & Motor Vehicle Safety $ 5.8 B$ 6.5 B Totals$244.1 B$286.4 B

4 FAHP Funding 2005-2009 ($Billions) SAFETEA-LU Authorizations (gross) $201.621 B Less: Rescission$8.542 B Net in SAFETEA-LU$193.078 B Plus: Permanent ER $$0.500 B Net for 2005-2009$193.578 B FHWA Guaranteed Funding$193.179 B

5 Federal-aid Highway Authorizations 2005-2009 (Before $8.5B Rescission) Total = $201.621 (In billions) Equity Bonus HPP STPBridge NHS IM Other RD&T FLHP CMAQ HSIP ADHS

6 New Highway Programs  Coordinated Border Infrastructure Program  Delta Region Development Program  Denali Access System Program  Express Lanes Demonstration Program  Freight Intermodal Distribution Pilot Program  Highways for LIFE Pilot Program  Highway Safety Improvement Program  Interstate Construction Toll Pilot Program  National Corridor Infrastructure Improvement Program  Projects of National and Regional Significance  Truck Parking Program  Safe Routes to Schools  Work Zone Safety Grants

7  The Equity Bonus program has 3 main features. One is tied to HTF contributions -- (1) Every State is guaranteed a minimum relative rate of return on its share of HTF contributions Two are independent of HTF contributions: (2) Every State is guaranteed a specified percentage increase over its average annual TEA-21 apportionments + HPP (3) Certain States are guaranteed at least the same share of total apportionments + HPP as under TEA-21 Equity Bonus (replaces TEA-21’s Minimum Guarantee)

8 Equity Bonus -- (1) Minimum relative rate of return on HTF contributions  Each State is guaranteed a share of annual Federal-aid apportionments plus HPP of at least the following percentage of its share of contributions to the Highway Account of the Highway Trust Fund : 2005 – 90.5% 2006 – 90.5% 2007 – 91.5% 2008 – 92% 2009 – 92%

9 Equity Bonus – (2) Guaranteed increase over TEA-21 $$$  In any given year, no State will receive less than the following percentage of the average annual apportionments plus HPP that it received under TEA-21 — 2005 – 117% 2006 – 118% 2007 – 119% 2008 – 120% 2009 – 121 %

10 Equity Bonus – (3) Guaranteed share for certain States  Certain States (those that meet one of the following five criteria) are guaranteed to receive at least the same share of SAFETEA-LU annual apportionments + HPP as they received under TEA-21—  Population density less than 40 persons per square mile & at least 1.25% of acreage under Federal jurisdiction  Population less than 1 million  Median household income less $35,000  Interstate fatality rate greater than 1 per 100M VMT in 2002  Indexed gas tax 150% higher than Federal gas tax rate when SAFETEA-LU enacted

11 Congressional Earmarks Section# of Projects$B “Below the line” HPP (subject to EB)17015091$14.8 “Above the line” P of NRS1301251.8 Corridor1302331.9 Transportation Impr.19344662.55 Bridge1114(e)10.4 Freight Pilot13066.03 Non-motorized Pilot18074.1 TOTAL5,635$21.636 B * **

12 Safety  Highway Safety Improvement Program  New core program starting in 2006 replacing STP safety setaside  Requires a State strategic highway safety improvement plan by FY 2008  Focused on results  Railway Highway Crossing Program (Sec. 130) Once again a formula program  Safe Routes to School (formula program)  Other targeted safety programs (Work Zones, Older Drivers, etc.)

13 State Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHPS)  Will help identify and analyze highway safety problems and opportunities  Must be based on:  accurate and timely data  consultation with stakeholders  performance-based goals  Evaluation process to assess results  States must have strategic plan by October 1,2007, or be locked in at FY2007 HSIP apportionment level, pending development of a plan  Governor or responsible State agency approves plan

14 Environmental Streamlining  Environmental streamlining provisions among the most significant aspects of SAFETEA-LU  Changes aimed at improving and streamlining the environmental process for projects  However, means additional steps and requirements for transportation agencies

15 Environmental Streamlining Features  New environmental review process for highways, transit, and multimodal projects  180-day statute of limitations for litigation (after publication in Federal Register)  Limited changes in Section 4(f)  Assumption of responsibilities by States

16 Improving Efficiency  Highways for LIFE Pilot Program to foster new technologies and more efficient practices  More flexibility and efficiency in transportation planning processes  Design-build – encourage more use by eliminating $50M floor and allowing certain actions prior to NEPA approval  Modifications provide greater flexibility in transportation planning and air quality conformity without reducing air quality protection

17 Improved Planning Process  Metro and Statewide planning processes continued  Safety and security identified as separate items to be considered in both processes  Consultation requirements for States and MPOs significantly expanded  Requirements added for plans to address environmental mitigation, improved performance, multimodal capacity, enhancement activities  Tribal, bicycle, pedestrian, and disabled interests to be represented

18 Environmental Stewardship  TEA-21 environmental programs retained – CMAQ, Recreational Trails, Transportation Enhancements, TCSP, Scenic Byways  New programs focused on the environment:  Nonmotorized transportation pilot program  Safe Routes to School  Historic Covered Bridges  Wildlife Vehicle Collision Reduction Study  Significant new environmental requirements for Statewide and Metro Planning process

19 Congestion Relief  New Real-Time System Management Information Program – aimed for all States, shared information  Tolling programs give States more options in using road pricing to manage congestion  Increased flexibility in use of HOV facilities  CMAQ eligibilities expanded  Research targeting congestion:  Surface Transportation Congestion Relief Solutions Research  Future Strategic Highway Research Program  ITS Research

20 Tolling Programs SAFETEA-LU provides States with more options in using tolling to manage congestion and finance infrastructure improvements.  Continues current programs –  Value Pricing Pilot program funded at $59 M, of which $12M is for projects not involving tolls  Interstate Reconstruction & Rehabilitation Toll Pilot – no change  Creates new programs –  Express Lanes Demonstration program – allows up to 15 demo projects to use tolling to manage congestion, reduce emissions, or finance added Interstate lanes  Interstate Construction Toll Pilot – similar to Interstate Reconstruction Toll Pilot, but for new construction

21 Mobility  Improved financial stewardship and oversight  Core program structure retained  Mix of new and redesigned programs to target –  Regional issues – Appalachia, Delta, Denali  Trade corridors, international borders, ports  Projects of National and Regional Significance

22 Federal Lands  Total of $4.5 billion through 2009  Includes Indian Reservation Roads (IRR), Park Roads, Public Lands Highways, Refuge Roads  Significant changes in IRR program –  Funding agreements with tribal governments  Comprehensive national inventory of eligible transportation facilities  Tribal-State road maintenance agreements  New position in DOT -- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Tribal Government Affairs

23 Research and Technology  Surface Transportation Research, Development and Deployment  Training and Education  University Transportation Centers  ITS Research  ITS Deployment in 2005 only  Bureau of Transportation Statistics

24 Innovative Finance  Private activity bonds  highway facilities and surface freight transfer facilities now eligible for exempt facility bonds  not subject to annual State volume cap  subject to National cap of $15 billion  TIFIA threshold lowered to $50M, freight rail eligibility expanded  New SIB program allows all States to participate  Tolling programs offer more options for funding infrastructure improvements

25 Obligation Limitation Highways  Exempt programs  Emergency Relief  Equity Bonus ($639 M per year)  Old exempt programs  Programs reserved from distribution (100% limitation)  Administration  Highway Use Tax Evasion Projects  Bureau of Transportation Statistics  Other programs funded from administrative takedown  Carryover balances of allocated programs (Federal Lands, IM Discretionary, etc.)

26  Setaside “no-year” limitation:  High Priority Projects (% of funding)  Appalachian Highways System (% of funding)  Projects of Nat’l & Reg. Significance (% of funding)  Nat’l Corridor Infrastructure Imp. (% of funding)  Transportation Improvements (% of funding)  Designated Bridge Projects (% of funding)  In 2005, Surface Transportation Projects and Delta funds from Appropriations Act (% of funding)  Equity Bonus ($2 billion per year) Obligation Limitation Highways

27  Distribute remaining limitation based on % of new funding:  Allocated programs  Formula programs (IM, NHS, Bridge, STP, HSIP, CMAQ, Rec. Trails, Metro Planning, Border Infrastructure, Safe Routes to Schools, Railway- Highway Crossings programs) Obligation Limitation Highways

28 FY 2005$34.422 Billion FY 2006$36.032 Billion FY 2007$38.244 Billion FY 2008$39.585 Billion FY 2009$41.200 Billion Established In SAFETEA-LU Obligation Limitation Highways

29 Revenue Aligned Budget Authority  Beginning in 2007, highway firewall amount will be adjusted to reflect changes in Highway Account receipt estimates.  Adjustment spread over 2 years to smooth out effect.  FAH and MCSAP authorizations will be adjusted in same amounts and in same year (RABA).  Positive RABA – some reserved for allocated programs with remainder to States based on apportionments. In 2007, first call will be to bring States’ return on contributions to 92%.  Negative RABA only possible if Highway Account balance less than $6B on Oct. 1 of that year.

30  Extends authority to spend from the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) to 9/30/2009  Extends user fees at their pre-enactment rates to 9/30/2011  Tax rates comparable to gas/diesel for LPG, LNG, CNG, but General Fund credits for these fuels Highway Trust Fund

31  Continues Highway Use Tax Evasion program at $127.1M through 2009  Funds to be used for inter-governmental enforcement and IRS activities  No funding allocated to States, but States may use ¼ of 1% of STP funds for fuel tax evasion activities Highway Tax Compliance

32 Studies – Financing Surface Transportation for the Future  National Surface Transportation Policy and Revenue Study Commission  Road User Fees Study  National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Financing Commission

33 Visit the FHWA website: This is just the beginning...

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