Presentation on theme: "Le Passé Composé Part II - ir/ re verbs. Lets review The passé composé is a way to make your sentence past. With -er verbs, you put in the form of avoir."— Presentation transcript:
Le Passé Composé Part II - ir/ re verbs
Lets review The passé composé is a way to make your sentence past. With -er verbs, you put in the form of avoir Jai (or whatever it is) and you add in the past participle (chop off the -er and add an é) Jai regardé Tu as nagé Il a volé
Weve got that down, so lets move on. First things first, lets talk about how the passé composé works grammatically. Lets use the example of Il a étudié. The part in bold, Il, is the subject. The underlined part is the form of avoir, which is also known as an auxilary (lauxiliaire). The last part (in italics) is known as the past participle (le participle passé).
Tell me what each word in the following sentences is: Jai mangé. Tu as regardé. Il a sauté (to jump).
Keep that in the back of your mind, next time well come back to it. for right now, lets pay attention to what happens with -ir verbs
Ir verbs The only change that happens is with the past participle. For -er verbs, we chopped off the -er and made it an é. Well, for -ir verbs, we are going to chop off the -ir and add an i. So réussir becomes réussi Remplir becomes rempli Finir becomes fini
So, this is really not all that difficult. Je finis becomes Jai fini Tu mincis becomes Tu as minci Il rougit becomes Il a rougi Nous gémissons becomes Nous avons gémi Vous finissez becomes Vous avez fini Ils réussissent becomes ils ont réussi
Put the following in the past (some are er, some are ir) Je regardes Tu bleuis Il aime Nous verdissons Vous aimez Ils choisissent
Now, because that was so easy, lets add on one more. -re verbs As you have probably guessed, -re verbs are pretty rare. But when you want to make them past: Take off the -re. (répondre - répond) replace it with a u. Thats all there is to it. (répondre - répondu).
Just like the other verbs, avoir is used here. Jai répondu Tu as mordu Il a tordu
Lets get the marker boards out again. Write out the forms of avoir and the subjects (Je, tu, etc.)