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Par Madame D Reed Boot verbs! Aim: to be able to recognise a pattern in a verb conjugation. With the help of Texs French grammar and Frenchabout.com and.

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Presentation on theme: "Par Madame D Reed Boot verbs! Aim: to be able to recognise a pattern in a verb conjugation. With the help of Texs French grammar and Frenchabout.com and."— Presentation transcript:

1 par Madame D Reed Boot verbs! Aim: to be able to recognise a pattern in a verb conjugation. With the help of Texs French grammar and Frenchabout.com and Special thanks to Madame H Desmier for sharing her ideas.

2 par Madame D Reed A reminder: There are three major groups of regular verbs in French: verbs with infinitives ending in -er, verbs with infinitives ending in -ir, and verbs with infinitives ending in -re.

3 par Madame D Reed Since -er verbs are the most numerous, they are considered the first conjugation. To conjugate these verbs: 1.drop the -er from the infinitive to form the stem. 2.Next, add the –er endings to the stem. (Different tenses have different endings.)

4 par Madame D Reed The following endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent are for forming the present tense. What pattern can you see? 1. The endings (-e, -es, -e, and -ent) are all silent. 2. The only endings that are pronounced are the nous (-ons) and the vous (-ez) endings.

5 par Madame D Reed The four silent endings form a boot shape in the verb conjugation. if you draw the pattern with one continuous line, it looks like a boot. Read and listen to the following example.

6 par Madame D Reed Parler = to speak Je parleNous parlons Tu parlesVous parlez Il/elle/on parleIls/elles parlent Past participle: parlé

7 par Madame D Reed Now give examples of other verbs you know that follow a boot pattern. Can you find different boot patterns? Stem-changing verbs are also known as boot verbs, because the irregular stems occur in all the singular forms as well as the third person plural.

8 par Madame D Reed 1. Verbs in –ayer Je paieNous payons Tu paiesVous payez Il/elle/on paieIls/elles paient Payer* = to pay *Note: -ayer verbs have an optional stem change in which y changes to an i in all forms but nous and vous.

9 par Madame D Reed 2. Verbs in –oyer Je nettoieNous nettoyons Tu nettoiesVous nettoyez Il/elle/on nettoieIls/elles nettoient nettoyer = to clean *Note: in the present tense requires stem change y to i in all forms but nous and vous.

10 par Madame D Reed 3. Verbs in –uyer JennuieNous ennuyons Tu ennuiesVous ennuyez Il/elle/on ennuieIls/elles ennuient ennuyer* = to annoy / bore *Note: -uyer verbs have an optional stem change in which y changes to an i in all forms but nous and vous.

11 par Madame D Reed 4. Verbs in –eler JappelleNous appelons Tu appellesVous appelez Il/elle/on appelleIls/elles appellent appeler = to call *Note: present tense: l becomes ll in all forms but nous and vous.

12 par Madame D Reed 5. Verbs in –eter Je jetteNous jetons Tu jettesVous jetez Il/elle/on jetteIls/elles jettent jeter = to throw *Note: present tense: t becomes tt in all forms but nous and vous.

13 par Madame D Reed Je lèveNous levons Tu lèvesVous levez Il/elle/on lèveIls/elles lèvent lever = to lift / to raise *Note: present tense: e in the penultimate syllable changes to è in all forms but nous and vous. 6. Verbs with e in the penultimate syllable (except for the -eler and -eter verbs, above) Present tense: e in the penultimate syllable

14 par Madame D Reed Je considèreNous considérons Tu considèresVous considérez Il/elle/on considèreIls/elles considèrent considérer = to consider *Note: present tense: é in the penultimate syllable changes to è in all forms but nous and vous. 6. Verbs with é in the penultimate syllable


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