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1 GREY BOX TESTING Web Apps & Networking Session 4 Boris Grinberg

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Presentation on theme: "1 GREY BOX TESTING Web Apps & Networking Session 4 Boris Grinberg"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 GREY BOX TESTING Web Apps & Networking Session 4 Boris Grinberg

2 2 Session 4 (4 Hours) Here are some things that well cover: –Automated Test Process –Install, configure and run fiddler as proxy server –Learn how to use some of the Fiddler Menu items, Create and load Archive and more… –Discuss some aspects of the Web Testing Processes –Lab Exercise: Polish Job Interview Skills

3 3 Do more with Less A test program that incorporates automated testing will involve a development effort of strategy, goal planning, test requirements definition, analysis, design, development, execution, and evaluation. Because organizations are required to do more with less, automated testing can save time and money.

4 4 Automated Test Process Automated testing is important to all testing because you can reuse code and scripts and allow testers to standardize the testing process. In the Web environment, automated testing is performed across many platforms, multiple layers of supporting applications, interfaces, databases, and different applications that can serve as a front or back end to the application.

5 5 Automated Test Coverage Coverage can include: Functional requirement testing Server performance testing User interface testing Unit testing Integration testing Program code coverage System load performance testing Boundary testing Security testing Memory leak testing Firewall testing Program module complexity analysis Automation has made these types of testing more efficient and provided more accurate results.

6 6 Introducing Fiddler HTTP/HTTPS Debugger Runs as a proxy server on the local machine or on a remote server Written in C# (.NET Framework v2.0) Freely available from

7 7 Debugging Production Code: Fiddler Fiddler is a Web Debugging Proxy which logs all HTTP(S) traffic between your computer and the Internet. Fiddler allows you to inspect all HTTP(S) traffic, set breakpoints, and "fiddle" with incoming or outgoing data. Fiddler includes a powerful event-based scripting subsystem, and can be extended using any.NET language. Fiddler is freeware and can debug traffic from virtually any application, including Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and thousands more.

8 8 What does Fiddler do? Request and response modification

9 9 What does Fiddler do? Debugging non-Windows clients Fiddler Mac Linux Internet PC PocketPC

10 10 What does Fiddler do? HTTP/HTTPS traffic monitoring & analysis

11 11 Installing Fiddler Download Fiddler25setup.exe file Start installation process

12 12 Installing Fiddler Visual steps below…

13 13 Installing Fiddler Visual steps below…

14 14 Installing Fiddler: Installation was successful

15 15 How does Fiddler work? When Fiddler starts, it attaches to WinINET as the system default proxy Non-WinINET applications can be pointed to Fiddler by setting their proxy to :8888

16 16 Fiddler: Menu File Start Fiddler using the Fiddler icon in your START Programs menu Open File menu Uncheck Capture Traffic Monitor Web Sessions & try few URLs Check Capture Traffic & try few URLs again

17 17 Lab Exercise: Creating Archive Go to Select the session with error 404 & save it in the archive as Portnov_404.saz Close Fiddler Application

18 18 Lab Exercise: Loading Archive Start Fiddler Go to File Load Archive… Select the saved session Portnov_404.saz Tell me: how this case could be used in the QA world?

19 19 Fiddler: Menu Edit Open Edit menu Select and Remove any Session Select and Copy one Session Open Notepad and Paste selected data Mark two sessions with Orange Remove all unselected sessions

20 20 Lab Exercise: Menu File and Menu Edit Go to Menu Edit – Mark two sessions with Red Menu File… (Save All Sessions as all.saz) Menu Edit – Remove all sessions Menu File… Restore removed sessions Tell me: how this case could be used in the QA world?

21 21 How to configure Firefox to use Fiddler Start Fiddler Open Firefox, use few URLs Go to Tools Options and click on the Settings button Select manual proxy configuration Apply the following settings: :8888 for all protocols Try few URLs again QUESTIONS?

22 22 Debagging connection problems 1.Check if problem exist with one or all browsers 2.Check Network Settings 3.Compare Network Settings on Fiddler and Browser 4.Fix the problem 5.QUESTIONS?

23 23 Study case: Buggy Server Fiddler has an ability to detect many protocol violations. An example of the HTTP Protocol Violation. Reference Materials: – Header Field DefinitionsHeader Field Definitions – Key ReferencesKey References – RFC Hypertext Transfer ProtocolRFC Hypertext Transfer Protocol

24 24 Web Session with Violation Select and double click on the session with HTTP Protocol violation

25 25 LAB Exercise: Catching Web Session with Violation Open IE and make sure that the Fiddler is capturing all traffic – Check sub-menu Capture Traffic Go to and youll get a HTTP Protocol Violation notification window During next 10 minutes try to find more websites with similar errors

26 26 Fiddler: Menus Rules; Tools; View and Help Lab Exercise Trying self thought process… –Use Help File, Internet, common sense I expecting results in 10 minutes!

27 27 Draft HomeWork: Select Web Application Use the set of questions provided by me and feel in the empty matrix with your answers Bring your Matrix with results on our next session Example

28 28 Web Testing Processes Overview The purpose of the Web testing process Objectives Business Requirements Testing Phases

29 29 Web Testing Processes The purpose of the Web testing process is to provide a clear and concise description of what needs to be done. Objectives –The objective of testing is to ensure that the Web application is ready for operation. Business Requirements –Business requirements are a collection of requests and lists from people who have an interest in the project.

30 30 Business Requirements Before beginning the testing project, the tester should have a set of business requirements that will help in understanding the functionality of the Web application A well-written set of business requirements will outline the goals and objectives for the business and serve as the foundation for your test plan.

31 31 Testing Phases As the business requirements (BR) are established and defined, they will become the first phase of your testing process. Understanding their magnitude will help you determine how to proceed with the Web test, determine the number of test cycles, type of test tools, test the data used, and set up the test environment.

32 32 Testing Checklist A good way to track the testing process is to create a checklist to make sure that you are following and completing the test process. Document Testing Checklist is an example of a testing checklist. You can find it in the Student Materials folder. Each item in the checklist (or checkpoint) should be a part of the test process and depends on the test life cycle, specification, management, commitment, and communication.

33 33 Variety of One, very common on the Interview, Question Why do you think that you will be a good fit for us? What value youll bring to the company? What makes you different form other candidates? Why should we choose you from all competing candidates?

34 34 Tester Qualifications A good tester should have a combination of the following skills: –Communication. The ability to convey to the developers, testers, and users the intent of testing and the roles and responsibilities of all parties. –Technical expertise. The ability to understand the Web site and how it works. –Diplomacy. The ability to work well with others and come up with the best solution for the team. –Accuracy. The ability to produce error-free results. –Persistence. The ability to test and retest until an adequate result is achieved.

35 35 Tester Qualifications: Persistence Of these qualities, persistence is the most important. A tester should have the ability to continuously test and retest without becoming bored or losing focus. Being able to endure this process allows the tester to assure accurate results, and the end result is happy customers.

36 36 LAB Exercise:Job Interview/Missing skills Class Discussion: What should I do on the interview if I dont have some of the required skills?

37 37 Job Interview – Missing skills Class Discussion: Advice #1: Never show a sad face Advice 2: Never lie and be honest Advice 3: Dont get lost Advice #4: Dont take a big pause

38 38 Job Interview – Missing skills Class Discussion: Advice 1: Never show a sad face Advice #2: Never lie and be honest Advice 3: Dont get lost Advice #4: Dont take a big pause

39 39 Job Interview – Missing skills Class Discussion: Advice 1: Never show a sad face Advice 2: Never lie and be honest Advice #3: Dont get lost Advice #4: Dont take a big pause

40 40 Job Interview – Missing skills Class Discussion: Advice 1: Never show a sad face Advice 2: Never lie and be honest Advice #3: Dont get lost Advice #4: Dont take a big pause

41 41 LAB Exercise: Class Discussion Class Discussion: What should I do on the interview if I dont have some of required skills? Offer your other outstanding skills Assure in your ability to quickly learn new technology, gain new skills (use some examples from the past) Demonstrate your whatever it takes attitude.

42 42 Object-Oriented Programming Concepts If you've never used an object-oriented programming language before, you'll need to learn a few basic concepts before you can begin test any code. This lesson will introduce you to objects, classes, inheritance, interfaces, and packages. Each discussion focuses on how these concepts relate to the real world.

43 43 What Is an Object? Objects are key to understanding object- oriented technology. Look around right now and you'll find many examples of real-world objects: your dog, your desk, your television set, your bicycle. Real-world objects share two characteristics: They all have state and behavior. Dogs have state (name, color, breed, hungry) and behavior (barking, fetching, wagging tail).

44 44 What Is an Object? Bicycles also have state (current gear, current pedal cadence, current speed) and behavior (changing gear, changing pedal cadence, applying brakes). Identifying the state and behavior for real-world objects is a great way to begin thinking in terms of object- oriented programming.

45 45 Lab Exercise: Introduction Take a minute right now to observe the real-world objects that are in your immediate area. For each object that you see, ask yourself two questions: "What possible states can this object be in?" and "What possible behavior can this object perform?".

46 46 Lab Exercise: Real-world objects Write down your observations. As you do, you'll notice that real-world objects vary in complexity; your desktop lamp may have only two possible states (on and off) and two possible behaviors (turn on, turn off), but your desktop radio might have additional states (on, off, current volume, current station) and behavior (turn on, turn off, increase volume, decrease volume, seek, scan, and tune). These real-world observations all translate into the world of object-oriented programming.

47 47 A software object Software objects are conceptually similar to real-world objects: they too consist of state and related behavior. An object stores its state in fields (variables in some programming languages) and exposes its behavior through methods (functions in some programming languages).

48 48 A fundamental principle of OOP Methods operate on an object's internal state and serve as the primary mechanism for object-to-object communication. Hiding internal state and requiring all interaction to be performed through an object's methods is known as data encapsulation a fundamental principle of object-oriented programming.

49 49 A bicycle modeled as a software object. By attributing state (current speed, current pedal cadence, and current gear) and providing methods for changing that state, the object remains in control of how the outside world is allowed to use it. For example, if the bicycle only has 6 gears, a method to change gears could reject any value that is less than 1 or greater than 6.

50 50 Interviews… Boriss Advice # 4 Prepare and Ask questions which will demonstrate your knowledge (Waterfall, Agile or V-Model) Address this question to the right interviewer!

51 51 Q & A Session ? ? ? ? ?

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