Born in Paris on November 14, 1840. His father was a wealthy store owner. He had independent views even as a child. Refused to go to the Academy of Fine Art. Served in the military from 1860-1861. Attended the Academie Suisse. His friend, Eugene Boudin, encouraged his art.
Claude Monet began making money as a student by selling caricatures of people he knew. Claude Oscar, Monet, 1858
Monet painted realistic still- lifes in order to get into art school. Still Life with Pheasant, Monet, 1861
In 1869, Monet painted Le Grenoillère- his first Impressionist painting. In 1870, he married his model- Camille Doncieux. In 1874, Monet and his friends hold their own art exhibit as “Impressionists”. Monet was poor and was supported by his father. Two sons are born to Monet: Jean in 1868 and Michael in 1879. In 1879, his wife Camille dies.
The Reader, Monet 1872 This is a painting Monet made of his wife Camille.
Portrait of Jean Monet, Monet, 1880 Monet’s oldest son, Jean.
Monet’s first Impressionist painting: Le Grenoillère, Monet, 1869
Impression: Sunrise, Monet 1864 The term “Impressionism” came from this painting.
Monet moved to Giverny in 1883. He rented it on the spot! He was poor when he moved here, but became wealthy. Monet turned it into a massive garden. Hired 7 full-time gardeners. Imported plants from Japan and built a bridge. You can still visit it today!
Sold many paintings and became famous toward the end of his life. Began painting his water lilies series. Married Alice Hoschede, a long-time friend, in 1892 (she had 6 children). Alice died in 1911. Painted a series of giant water lilies for the French government in 1916. Died in 1927.
Monet painted outside- even on a boat! Was interested in catching light and color. Painted the same things at different times of day to capture light and shadow. Painted haystacks, buildings, waterlilies. Started out painting people. Next, he combined people in a landscape. Finally, he painted only landscapes.
Grainstacks in the Sunlight, Morning Effect, Claude Monet 1890, Grainstack at Sunset, Claude Monet 1890
Rouen Cathedral, Harmony in Brown, Monet 1892 Rouen Cathedral, Morning Effect, Monet 1893
Water-Lilies, Evening Effect, Claude Monet 1897-1899
This is what other artists were painting. This is what the Impressionists were painting.
Art academy in Paris. Told artist HOW to paint: – Realism (like a photograph). Told artists WHAT to paint – Important people. – Historical outdoor scenes. – Bible scenes. Held an annual art show (the Salon)starting in 1667. – If your art was accepted- you would have a career. – If your art was rejected- your career was over!
Only French people could exhibit. In 1863, high number of Impressionists entered. The Impressionist’s work was rejected. Napoleon III held a Salon des Refuges for all rejected paintings. After the avant garde show, the academy was taken down.
The Grand Palais, Paris 1913 The Royal Academy of Art
The Gleaners, Jean-Francois Millet, 1857 Louis du Boucher Marquis and his Family, Francis Drouais, 1750