1Komodo Dragons Genre: Expository Nonfiction Author’s Purpose - Inform Reading Skill: Context CluesCompiled by Terry Sams, PiedmontBy: Thane Maynard
2SummaryEven though Komodo dragons don't fly or breathe fire, they do look like little dragons. These reptiles - the largest lizards in the world - live in the Komodo Island area of Indonesia. The adult dragons can grow to be more than 10 feet long and can weigh a much as 250 pounds. They are strong enough to kill a water buffalo, which can weigh more than 1,000 pounds!
3Genre: Expository Nonfiction Expository Nonfiction is fiction that gives factual information about the real world.It explains the nature of something, or tells what something is like.It uses methods of expository nonfiction such as definition, comparison and contrast, example, and classification.
4Comprehension Skill – Context Clues When you see unfamiliar words, use context clues, or words around the unfamiliar word, to figure out its meaning.The context may give a definition or an explanation.Example: Animals that eat other animals are called predatorsSometimes a synonym is used as a context clue.Example: Komodo dragons are carnivores, or meat-eaters.
5Practice Context Clues TE 231a Go to page 222 and reread the first paragraph.Unfamiliar WordContext ClueType of Cluescalesrough, bumpy, look like armordescriptionpredatorsanimals that eat other animalsdefinitionforkedy-shaped
6Comprehension Review – Main Idea and Details The topic is the thing the author is writing about. The most important thing about this topic is called the main idea.Some main ideas can be found in the first sentence or paragraph.Sometimes the author does not state the main idea, and you have to infer,or figure out for yourself this main idea.
7Research Skill - Encyclopedia An encyclopedia gives general information about many different subjects.Encyclopedias are organized in a set of volumes, or books, usually in ABC order.An entry is an encyclopedia article. They are listed in ABC order also.An entry word is the word or phrase that begins each entry and tells its subject.A key word identifies the information you are trying to find.
8Weekly Fluency Check - Read with Attention to Punctuation Students should read with attention to punctuation, for example, using punctuationto help you read nonfiction. Both passages begin with questions which are answered in the body of the paragraph that follows. Encourage students to read with attention to how punctuation improves reading ease.Go to pages 220, beginning at the top of the page.
9Where do Komodo dragons live, and what is the climate like? Review QuestionsWhere do Komodo dragons live, and what is the climate like?Describe a Komodo dragon.Why do they stick out their tongue?
10Why is the tongue “forked”? Describe how baby Komodo dragons are born. Review QuestionsWhy is the tongue “forked”?Describe how baby Komodo dragons are born.Why do Komodo dragons swish their tails back and forth?
11Main IdeaOn a clean sheet of paper, list the main ideas from this story about Komodo dragons.
12Writing AssignmentWrite a paragraph telling what you have learned about Komodo dragons. Use any new words you have learned. Compare the lizards with other reptiles.
13More Good Stuff Vocabulary Matching Internet Workshop Komodo Dragons and their IslandSpelling Hang ManVocabulary MatchingInternet WorkshopContext Clues PracticeReading TestSpelling Test