Presentation on theme: "Monsters in Germany: Pre-WW II silent film"— Presentation transcript:
1 Monsters in Germany: Pre-WW II silent film Just how did the Nazi party convince normal Germans that the Jewish population was a threat?A process called“othering”Part of a disciplinecalled Cultural Studies
2 Cultural StudiesConcerns itself with the meaning and practices of everyday life—the ways people do things and the meanings attached to those thingsmarriage practicesperformancesgatheringspolitical structureDraws from the fields of literary theory, anthropology, psychology, sociology, film/video studies to look at specific cultural phenomenaracesocial classgenderidentity
3 Here be Monsters Othering A way of defining and securing one’s own identity by stigmatizing another… an otherDifferent from selfDepict other people as monsters—to isolate, to hate… to killPre-WW II German silent film used exaggerated Jewish characteristics (caricatures) to depict their monsters.Same process of othering used today.
4 Here be Monsters Germany pre-WW II country was devasted hungry for a leader/strengthlooking for structureWW I ended 1918Along came HitlerNazi party formed 1920“Shake off your Jewish leaders… The Russian government is 9/10 Jewish… Bolshevism is a Jewish swindle.”Violence ensued – Nazi propaganda offered direction for anger, resentment, need to retaliation.Nazi propaganda was built on an already strong base of early German film monsters.
5 Here be Monsters The Golem 1920 Paul Wegener & Carl Boese
7 Here be Monsters What we know: monsters are evil, we must kill them Equation:Jews are different than we are…Jews are monstersI.e., we must kill themEasy for HitlerEasy for everyoneClassic way “othering” worksOtherwise, how do people commit this kind of atrocity?
8 Here be MonstersToday, othering functions as it always has: to create monsters throughout the world.MuslimsArabsJewsAmericanEach group (can) create monsters of the others.Effect: “we must kill the monster(s)….”i.e., each culture/country believes it must rid the world of all the monsters = whomever their othering has designated as dangerous.