Presentation on theme: " Take place in capillaries But blood has a higher osmotic potential than the surrounding tissue fluid How would nutrients and water flow out of capillaries??"— Presentation transcript:
Take place in capillaries But blood has a higher osmotic potential than the surrounding tissue fluid How would nutrients and water flow out of capillaries??
Exchange of substances between blood and body cells take place through the capillaries Blood pressure higher at arterial end This pressure forces water and nutrients out of capillaries into intercellular spaces Arterial endVenous end
Body cells take in nutrients from intercellular spaces Blood pressure is lower at venous end, water and waste products from cells enter capillaries Fluid in intercellular spaces is called tissue fluid Arterial end Venous end Tissue Fluid Water Nutrients Water Waste
Occurs when tissue fluid is formed faster than it can be drained away Accumulate in tissues and cause them to swell Occurs in elderly people or pregnant women
Not all the tissue fluid returns to the capillaries Some will enter blind–ending vessels called lymphatics as lymph fluid Lymph fluid ◦ pale yellow liquid ◦ Similar to plasma except for the absence of plasma proteins Lymphatic System
The lymphatic system is part of the immune system, which defends the body against infection.lymphatic systemimmune system The lymphatic system is a network of small lymph nodes connected by very thin lymph vessels, which branch into every part of the body except the brain and spinal cord.lymph nodes It transports a watery clear fluid called lymph. This fluid distributes immune cells and other factors throughout the body. It also interacts with the blood circulatory system to drain fluid from cells and tissues. The lymphatic system contains immune cells called lymphocytes, which protect the body against antigens (viruses, bacteria, etc.) that invade the body.
to collect and return interstitial fluid, including plasma protein to the blood, and thus help maintain fluid balance, to defend the body against disease by producing lymphocytes, to absorb lipids from the intestine and transport them to the blood."
Lymphatic vessels: ◦ Transport excess tissue fluid back into blood stream Lymphatic Organs: ◦ Lymph node, tonsils, thymus and spleen
Blind-ended Compression of skeletal muscles aids in unidirectional flow Valves present Small vessels join up to form 2 larger ones; right lymphatic duct and thoracic duct Both ducts empty their contents back into the blood stream via the subclavian veins
Human lymph nodes are bean-shaped and range in size from a few millimeters to about 1-2 cm in their normal state. They may become enlarged due to a tumor or infection. White blood cells are located within the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are enlarged when the body is infected due to enhanced production of some cells and division of activated T and B cells. White blood cells The major nodes can be found in the neck, armpits, chest, abdomen, pelvis and groin. Other parts of the lymphatic system include the spleen, thymus andbone marrow.spleenthymusbone marrow
Swellings at certain points in the lymphatic vessels Stores lymphocytes and phagocytes (WBCs) Releases them into the blood stream Thus, lymph nodes play an important role in body’s defence
The major nodes can be found in the neck, armpits, chest, abdomen, pelvis and groin. Other parts of the lymphatic system include the spleen, thymus and bone marrow.spleenthymus bone marrow A clear fluid called lymph flows through the lymph vessels. It contains white blood cells called Lymphocytes, special proteins called antibodies, and some waste products. Lymphocytes and antibodies are important parts of your body's immune system.antibodies The lymph fluid passes through the lymph nodes, which filter out bacteria and other harmful things.
Blood circulatory system HeartBlood VesselsBlood Atria and Ventricles Arteries Arterioles Capillaries Venules Veins PlasmaBlood Cells RBC WBC Platelets Lymphati c system
Reason why Lymph may be slow ◦ Sitting all day and not breathing fully ◦ Sitting all day and not exercising enough ◦ Being sick and bed ridden ◦ Poor diet eg. Too much caffeine, sugar, fats, etc, you get the picture. ◦ Environmental contaminates overload the lymph system and produce more waste than the nodes can remove. Ex. sunscreens, deodorants, cologne, food, cleaning products Phoenix Bodyworks, www.phoenixbodyworkspdx.com, 503-577-5512
Lymphoma is a general name for cancer of tissue of the lymphatic system. When the person have lymphoma, large numbers of abnormal lymphocytes are made. These abnormal lymphocytes replace some of the normal lymphocytes. This can disrupt the immune system and reduce the ability to fight infections. The lymph nodes also become swollen, forming painless lumps (tumours).lymphocytesimmune systemtumours