Presentation on theme: "of Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion"— Presentation transcript:
1 of Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion The AnthropologyofMagic, Witchcraft,andReligion
2 anthropologyánthrōpos (Greek) = humanlógos (Greek) = word= the “word about humans”, the study of humans, the organized and systemized body of knowledge about humans
3 four field approach cultural anthropology anthropological linguistics archaeologyphysical anthropologyplus: applied anthropology
4 cultural anthropology studies “culture” learned by individual as part of a grouppassed on from generation to generationthree componentsmaterial (artifacts)behavioral (actions)ideational (cognitive, affective elements)
5 cultural anthropology and the study of religious systems investigates the functions of religion, both for the individual and for the grouplooks at how religions change through time, and why
6 cultural anthropology and the study of religious systems studies manifestations of “religion”objectsactivitiesbeliefs and emotions
7 anthropological linguistics studies the role of language in culture historical linguisticsevolution of languagerelationships between languages
8 anthropological linguistics studies the role of language in culture Sapir-Whorf hypothesisdoes language mirror reality? ORdoes language shape reality?
9 anthropological linguistics and the study of religious systems how has “religious” language changed over time and why are their linguistic similarities in different cultures?
10 anthropological linguistics and the study of religious systems relationship between conceptual constructs and realityreligious concepts as universal components of cultural systems
11 archaeology extends the study of humans into the past based on evidence preserved in the ground (and elsewhere)emphasizes material aspect of culture, but also looks to behavior and ideationattempts to reconstruct the past, both as an end it self and as a way to understand the present
12 archaeology and the study of religious systems Chauvet Cave(31,000 – 24,000 yrs. B.P.)
13 biological anthropology considers humans as animals how do modern humans differ? = variationhow did humans arise? = evolutionwhat is the relationship between biology and culture?how does our biology shape us?how does our culture affect our biology?
14 biological anthropology and the study of religion views religious systems as adaptive mechanismsstudies ritual in non-human specieslooks for genetic basesof belief (“gullibility gene”)of “trance” and other altered statesof human need to be in a group“neurotheology”
15 anthropology is a biocultural discipline four field approachcultural studiescultural anthropologyanthropological linguisticsarchaeologybiological studiesbiological anthropology anthropology is a biocultural discipline
16 anthropology is “holistic” in its approach views its phenomena as interrelated and integratedviews societies both in their own rights and from a comparative perspective
17 anthropology eschews ethnocentrism (the practice of using one culture as the standard to evaluate another)based upon cultural relativism(cultures can only be evaluated and understood on their own terms)
18 “Religion is a fact in nature and, to be understood, must be seen as a product of the same laws of nature that determine other natural phenomena”Anthony F.C. Wallace 1966