2 What is Cultural Anthropology? Most common answers from our class assessment…What is Anthropology?The study of mankind, humanity, evolution and adaptationStudy of human behavior, culture, interaction, and relationship between humans and the environmentWhat is Cultural Anthropology?The study of culture, customs, beliefs, and traditionsStudy of differences in culture
3 The Scope of Anthropology Anthropology can be defined as the study of humankind in all times and placesBroader in scope than other disciplinesEvery part of the world containing human populations is of interest to anthropological study.Includes studying other primates to look for clues about our ancestral origins
4 The Holistic ApproachAnthropology is a unique discipline because it employs a holistic, or multifaceted, approach to the study of human beings.
5 The Anthropological Curiosity Anthropologists generally focus on typical characteristics of a population.When describing a group of people, anthropologists may discuss:the history of the area in which they live,the physical environment,the organization of family life,the general features of their language,their political and economic systems,their religion,their diet, ortheir styles of art and dress.
7 Fields of Anthropology Figure 1-1 (p. 5) The Subdivisions of Anthropology The four major subdisciplines of anthropology (in bold letters) may be classified according to subject matter (physical or cultural) hand according to the period with which each is concerned (distant past versus recent past and present). There are applications of anthropology in all four subdisciplines.
8 Biological (physical) Anthropology Two Primary Focuses of Study:Human PaleontologyLook at the emergence of humans and their later evolutionReconstruct human evolution through fossilsHuman VariationInvestigate how and why human populations differ in biological or physical characteristics
10 ArchaeologyArchaeologists try to reconstruct history from the remains of human cultures.How do archaeologists differ from historians?Most studies deal with prehistorySome specialize in historical archaeologyHow are archeologists different form historians? Archeologists
13 Applied AnthropologyAbout half of all professional anthropologists are applied, or practicing, anthropologists.Applied anthropologists may be trained in one or more of the subfields of anthropology.
14 The Relevance of Anthropology In order to understand humans, it is essential that we study humans in all times and places.Anthropological studies can illustrate why other people are the way they are, both culturally and physically.