Presentation on theme: "SPANISH COLONIES in AMERICA win INDEPENDENCE"— Presentation transcript:
1 SPANISH COLONIES in AMERICA win INDEPENDENCE Lesson #5
2 You already know about… How the Columbian Exchange workedAnd how the Spanish conquered the Aztecs and Incas
3 Stages of Latin American History Powerful Civilizations controlled population ( )AztecsIncasSpanish arrived (1500s), conquered Civilizations75% of Indians killed by diseaseRemainder forced into slaveryCreoles won independence from Spain (1800s)Issues they created still exist today…
4 Early 1500s in Latin America Spain took control of more and more landGoal: hunted for more civilizations to conquerSearched for Gold and SilverEach new mine claimed for SpainSpaniards flooded AmericasGold and silver made Spain wealthyWealth meant large Army and Navy
5 Life in Spanish America Creoles lived WELLMestizos lived poorlyNative Americans forced to laborForced to labor to deathReplaced by more and more African slaves
6 Life in Spanish America To control population, Creoles had to keep class system rigidRich were very rich, poor were impoverished
7 1600s in Latin America Spanish settlers learned that Cash crops could sell in EuropeNative Americans died off from European diseasesSpaniards needed new laborersForced Africans into slaveryMost Slaves worked onplantations
8 1700s in Latin America Spain started losing winning edge Spanish no longer strongest nation in worldPirates raided shipments of gold to SpainSettlers (Creoles) no longer proud to be SpanishSome Creoles rebelled against
9 INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT LEADERS IN LATIN AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE Toussaint L’Ouverture (470) Simon Bolivar (471) Jose de San Martin (471) Jose Morelos (472) For each guy, find: who he was what he did for independence
10 Toussaint L’Ouverture (470) Former slave on island of Haiti Organized a slave rebellion against French control
11 Simon Bolivar (471) An Educated military general – a Creole. Was called “the Liberator”Won independence for most of South American from Spain
12 Jose de San Martin (471) Also a creole. Won independence for Chile from Spain.Helped Bolivar in the North.
13 Jose Morelos (472) A priest and a Mestizo. Helped Creoles win independence by creating discipline.