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MODULE 5 Lesson 18

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Objective Apply and explain alternate methods for subtracting from multiples of 100 and from numbers with zero in the tens place.

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Core Fluency Differentiated Practice Sets Do your best, you have two minutes. Ready? On your mark, get set, THINK!

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Get the Ten Out and Subtract For every number sentence I give, subtract the ones from ten. When I say 12 – 4, you say 10 – 4 = 6. Ready? 12 – 4. 13 – 7. Now let’s add back the ones. 12 – 4. Take from ten. Now add back the ones. 13 – 7 11 – 8 13 – 9 15 – 7 14 – 8.

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Application Problem Joseph collected 49 golf balls from the course. He still had 38 fewer than his friend Ethan. How many balls did Ethan have? If Ethan gave Joseph 24 golf balls, who had more golf balls? How many more?

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Concept Development Problem 1: Use compensation to solve 300 – 159. We know we can use the vertical method to subtract from the hundred. Is this something we can do quickly? I’m going to show you a really cool way to make this easier to subtract. What happens if I take one off each number? What is my new subtraction problem? Is this any easier to solve? Turn and talk with a partner. 300 - 159

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Concept Development Solve this problem and turn your board over when you are finished. What is 299 – 158? Is this similar to a strategy you’ve used before? Talk with a partner. It’s like with those other tape diagrams when we added the same number to both numbers. This is called compensation.

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Concept Development Problem 2: Add to solve 400 – 278. Let’s try a different way to subtract from the hundred. Can we use a different operation to solve? 278 + ____ = 400. Why can I write the problem like this? Talk with a partner. 400 - 278

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Concept Development Let’s use the arrow way to solve this problem. How many more do we need to make the next ten? How many more do we need now to get to the next hundred? How many more do we need to get to our whole? We wrote 2, then 20, then 100. Put them all together, and what do we get? So 400 – 278 is? 278 2 280 20 300 400 100 400 – 278 = 122 400 – 278 = ____.

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Concept Development Problem 3: 605 – 498 Now, let’s subtract from a number with a zero in the tens place. Which strategies could we use to solve this problem? We could use the arrow way to solve it with addition, because it’s easy to make 500 and then get to 605. We could take 6 off both numbers to make 599 – 492, which means we don’t have to do any renaming. We could just use the algorithm by relating the chip model. Solve using one of these strategies!

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