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Internet2, Abilene, and GigaPoPs: Una vista de los EE UU Steve Corbató Director, Backbone Network Infrastructure.

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Presentation on theme: "Internet2, Abilene, and GigaPoPs: Una vista de los EE UU Steve Corbató Director, Backbone Network Infrastructure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internet2, Abilene, and GigaPoPs: Una vista de los EE UU Steve Corbató Director, Backbone Network Infrastructure University Corp. for Advanced Internet Development Jornadas Técnicas RedIRIS 2000 Murcia, España 15 de noviembre, 2000

2 2 Advanced U.S. research university connectivity requirements Research testbed configurable, breakable, measurable infrastructure serving computer science research and advanced engineering traditional province of DARPA Advanced service/application deployment network standards based, 7x24 operation expectation (vBNS  Abilene) National education intranet interconnecting all K-20 educational institutions/networks to enable applications and services unavailable over the commercial Internet Commercial entities (high performance connectivity) providers of content of value to EDU (e.g., Nexis-Lexis, Akamai) EDU-related startups (genomics, IP networking)

3 3 Unique features of Internet2 environment Per capita available bandwidth O(10-100) higher than over the commercial Internet TCP flows of 0.4 Gbps and higher possible Active advanced service deployment efforts Native multicast most widely deployed Commitment to open network management and active measurement Emphasis on end-to-end (e2e) performance measurment and assurance Collaborative relationship with GigaPoPs and research university campus technical communities

4 4 Outline Internet2 project status Abilene network status Advanced services International Transit Network (ITN) Changes to the Abilene Program Future infrastructure plans New technologies Internet2 End-to-End Performance Initiative – e2e Campus networks

5 5 Membership update 179+ universities 70+ corporations 40+ affiliated research organizations 30+ International MoU partners

6 6 Internet2 Activities Applications Advanced applications with focus on research and education Middleware Interoperability across Internet2 institutions Network Technologies New network technologies across Internet2 networks Network Infrastructure Pre-commercial, production network infrastructure Partnerships/Tech Transfer Ensure this technology becomes available beyond Internet2

7 7 Applications Discipline focus Health Sciences Arts & Humanities Support Portable MPEG2 video conferencing Portable SGI O2 for other demos Portable Access Grid Node Workshops Survivors of the Shoah/Visual History Foundation: digital media

8 8 High Definition Television/IP Studio grade (200 Mbps UDP/stream) Collaboration of University of Washington (Research Channel and Pacific/Northwest GigaPoP) and Sony Raw HDTV/IP (1.5 Gbps) coming soon (Tektronix)…

9 9 Throughput - Linear

10 10 Middleware Applications Needs: Scalable, interoperable authentication and authorization (digital libraries) Grid computation resources using Globus security, location and allocation of resources, scheduling etc. plugged into campus middleware infrastructures Common authentication and storage (next generation portals)

11 Abilene Network

12 12 Qwest acquisition of U S WEST

13 13 Abilene – November, 2000 Inflection point in network development OC-48c (2.5 Gbps) IP-over-SONET backbone 53 current and pending connections in 32 states –OC-48c connections: Seattle, Atlanta, SC2000 175 participants in 47 states and D.C. Ongoing strong partnership –Cisco, Nortel, Qwest, Indiana Univ., ITECs (NC and OH) Increasing backbone utilization Characteristic exponential growth O(OC-12c) peak utilization on some links Traffic doubling time: 7 months

14 14 Seattle Kansas City Denver Cleveland New York Atlanta Houston Abilene Backbone – autumn 2000 Sacramento Los Angeles Denver Indianapolis Washington

15 15

16 16 Backbone developments New router node (#11) in Washington DC Northern California router node is moving from Sacramento to Sunnvyale Houston-Atlanta link upgraded to OC-48c Only one link (Seattle-Sacramento) remains at OC-12c Increasingly distributed international peering Peering with CUDI in Los Angeles (CENIC) and soon in El Paso (UTEP) Abilene International Transit Network (ITN) in production Collaboration with STARTAP and CA*NET3 Backbone and connections were unaffected by Qwest’s acquisition of USWEST this summer


18 18 Abilene International Transit Network ITN concept developed as some international NRNs moved their U.S. circuit terminations closer to the landing points By default, Abilene international peers are ITN participants Non-participating international peers must indicate this intent to UCAID Abilene ITN service commenced October 23, 2000 ITN service currently does not extend to U.S. federal research and education networks ESnet, NISN, NREN, DREN, DARPA Supernet As an Internet2 backbone, vBNS has become an ITN participant

19 19 Current Abilene ITN participants (15) CA*Net3 CERNET CUDI DFN (via DANTE) IUCC JANET NORDUnet RENATER REUNA2 SINET SingAREN SURFnet TANET2 TransPAC vBNS

20 20 Abilene ITN implementation BGP communities for international peers 11537:2501 – ITN participants 11537:2500 – non-ITN participants Abilene ITN participants are tagged with ITN community on ingress (route map: TRANSIT-in) Abilene ITN participants receive all routes with 11537:2501 community (route map: TRANSIT-out)

21 21 BGP considerations for ITN participants

22 22 ITN collaboration Abilene, CA*Net3, and STARTAP are actively collaborating on international peering and transit issues in North America In particular, Abilene and CA*Net3 have agreed to provide transit among their respective ITN participants Abilene requires a Memorandum of Agreement and an Interconnection Agreement with the foreign NRN directly connected to CA*Net3

23 23 Abilene program changes General end of new OC-3c Abilene backbone connections Existing and pending OC-3c connections will be unaffected Revised fee structure for OC-12c and OC-48c connections Objective is to incent bandwidth upgrades for existing connectors Overall price reduction is ~15% Encourage Packet-over-SONET (POS) connections Expansion to serve the broader educational community

24 24 Revised Abilene annual connection fees PreviousNew OC-3c$110,000($110,000) SONET & ATM OC-12c$320,000$270,000 SONET $280,000 ATM/1 PVC & 1 BGP peering $290,000 ATM OC-48c$495,000$430,000 SONET

25 25 Sponsored Education Group Participation Effective January 15, 2001, a networked aggregate of educational institutions may gain access to Abilene as a Sponsored Education Group Participant. designed primarily to accommodate existing and emerging state-based education networks reflects modified Abilene CoU This new class of Abilene participation supplements the existing classes of Member Participant, Collaboration Site, and Sponsored Participant Applications will be accepted commencing 1/12/2000

26 26 Advanced service deployment Multicast fully native deployment using current inter-domain protocols PIM-Sparse, MBGP, MSDP support for source specific multicast (SSM) in place IPv6 overlay testbed in production Quality of Service (QoS) QBONE via IETF Differentiated Services protocols Abilene premium service testing starting Measurement and Network Management active probes (Surveyor) deployed in all nodes open network management stance

27 27 Building the Network of the Future – I Upgrade Abilene to a leading-edge optical transport capability Transition to OC-192c (10 Gbps) over DWDM backbone Explore optical interconnection options with international networks (e.g., CA*Net4) & leading GigaPoPs Establish a rapidly configurable, breakable Internet2 national testbed for the computer science research and the advanced network engineering communities Interconnection and limited peering with the DARPA Supernet Overlay networks (server-based) Option of limited-term dedicated capacity via MPLS tunnels or DWDM λ’s

28 28 Network of the Future – II Continue the vital role of Abilene as a reliable platform for the development of innovative applications and the deployment of advanced services IP remains the common bearer service Position Abilene as a critical component of the Internet2 End-to-End (e2e) Initiative – in particular, its vital role within the U.S. research infrastructure Emphasis on pro-active measurement and open network management Increasing dependence on Abilene for next generation science

29 29 Project NEPTUNE

30 30 Network of the Future - III Collaborate with the GigaPoPs on higher bandwidth attachments and the facilitation of international peering Creative, localized solutions often required above OC-3c Increasingly distributed set of international landing points and termination options

31 31 GigaPoPs Gigabit-per-second Point of Presence OC-12 connectivity or greater (GbEth) Regional aggregation point high performance (HPNSPs) commodity (NSPs) Economies of scale Member sites Value added services shared by members Not limited to research universities (High-speed) local traffic stays local

32 32 Leading Regional Gigapops MREN (Chicago) CalREN2 (California) SoX (Atlanta/Southeast) Great Plains Network (Kansas City) P/NW Gigapop (Seattle) NYSERNET (New York) MAX (Washington D.C.) NOX (Boston) Front Range (Denver)

33 33 CalREN-2 Topology Plan (5/98) With thanks to David Wasley

34 34 Importance of carrier hotels Facilities where multiple telecommunications carriers have presences Orginally exchanged just voice traffic Often attract other related businesses – ISPs, Web hosting Westin Bldg (Seattle), One Wilshire (LA), 60 Hudson (NYC) Very active area of capital investment in the U.S. Leading GigaPoPs establishing presences Essential distinguishing factors Riser capacity Fiber interconnection room (‘meet-me room’) Power – production and backup Ease and speed of construction for tenant buildout Local exchange point for peering among ISP tenants Dark fiber from the local campuses is very enabling

35 35 Internet2 End-to-End Performance Initiative Extending focus from connectivity to performance experienced by end user e2e will address all obstacles to performance Application readiness and tuning End system operating systems and networking support Local Area Network and campus backbone upgrades Outreach to end users and campus support teams Widely distributed, pro-active measurement Performance Evaluation and Response Teams (PERTs) Hybrid of Network Operations Center and Applications Support Team Phased approach 10-15 campuses and GigaPoPs self-select for first stage Campus network/applications workshop – UCSD – December, 2000

36 36 End-to-End (e2e) Performance Initiative Human to Human Collaboration Experience Application Operating system Host IP stack Network card Local Area Network (LAN) Campus backbone network Campus connection to regional network/GigaPoP GigaPoP connection to Internet2 national backbone

37 37 Defining E2E Success Metrics Selecting set of appropriate core applications and services TCP applications – e.g., Web, file transfer Internet-based telephony (VoIP) Internet-based videoconferencing –Multiple technologies with distinct service levels Pervasive multicast for multimedia and data distribution Scope How broadly across the campus network should e2e be supported? Timing How quickly can these goals be met? End user expectation management essential

38 38 Summary Second wave of backbone development concluding Advanced service deployment proceeding Utilization growing Moving to develop next generation backbone and to incent GigaPoP/campus connectivity upgrades Focusing on assuring e2e performance

39 39 Upcoming Meetings APAN/Internet2/NLANR/TransPAC 28-31 January 2001, Hawaii Internet2 Member Meeting 7-10 March 2001, Washington, DC


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