Presentation on theme: "What are relative pronouns?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What are relative pronouns? Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsWhat are relative pronouns?
2 A relative pronoun introduces a clause. Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsA relative pronoun introduces a clause.The pronoun “relates” the clause back to a noun, noun group or clause. Which rider needed a shower? The rider who won the race.The rider ___________________ needed a shower.who won the race
3 Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsUse who, whom and whose to refer to people. Whose may also refer to things and animals.the woman _____ gave a speechwhoUse who to refer to the subject of the clause (the woman).John lent his camera to a friend _______ he trusted.whomUse whom to refer to an object in the sentence (the friend).the author _______ book we performedwhoseUse whose to show possession (by the author)the company _______ employees were very keenwhoseUse whose to show possession (by the company).
4 Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsUse which to refer to an animal or thing. Use that to refer to people, animals or things.The swarm of bees, _______ appeared when Yogi shook the hive, chased us away.whichYou catch the bus ______ leaves at 5 pm.thatWhere are the rescuers _____ Mr French said would come?thatYour dinner, _______ I must say looks delicious, is getting cold.which
5 Not just any shoes — the shoes needed for the game. Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsWhen do you use that? When do you use which?Use that if the clause that the pronoun introduces is essential to the meaning of the sentence.Where are the shoes that you need for tomorrow’s game?Not just any shoes — the shoes needed for the game.Use which if the clause that the pronoun introduces could be deleted without affecting the meaning of the sentence. If you use which, put a comma before it.Your tennis shoes, which need cleaning, are under the bed.The shoes need cleaning, but the sentence makes sense without that information.
6 Grammar ToolkitRelative pronounsA pronoun stands in place of a noun. A relative pronoun introduces a clause and “relates” it back to a noun, noun group or clause.Use who, whom and whose to refer to people. Whose may also refer to things and animals.Use which to refer to an animal or thing. Use that to refer to people, animals or things.Use that if the clause that the pronoun introduces is essential to the meaning of the sentence. Use which if the clause that the pronoun introduces could be deleted without affecting the meaning of the sentence.In the following sentence, the relative pronoun is red. The kangaroo that escaped from the zoo has been found.