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Multiple Choice 25 marks (Knowledge) Short Answer 37 marks (Application) Essay 15 marks (Thinking) 2.5 hours (more than enough) Monday, June 25 8:30 pm.

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Presentation on theme: "Multiple Choice 25 marks (Knowledge) Short Answer 37 marks (Application) Essay 15 marks (Thinking) 2.5 hours (more than enough) Monday, June 25 8:30 pm."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Multiple Choice 25 marks (Knowledge) Short Answer 37 marks (Application) Essay 15 marks (Thinking) 2.5 hours (more than enough) Monday, June 25 8:30 pm

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4 1. The economic problem is essentially one of deciding how to make the best use of: a. limited resources to satisfy limited wants b. unlimited resources to satisfy unlimited wants c. limited resources to satisfy unlimited wants d. unlimited resources to satisfy limited wants c

5 2. Which of the following is a macroeconomic statement? a. The price of beef declined by 3 percent last year. b. The productivity of Canadian steelworkers increased by 1 percent in c. Canadian Pacific's profits increased in d. The gross profits of all Canadian businesses were $18 billion last year. d

6 3. Suppose an economist says "Ceteris paribus, the lower the price of the breakfast cereal, Wheaties, the larger the amount of Wheaties purchased." This statement indicates that: a. all factors other than the price of Wheaties (for example, consumer preferences and incomes) are assumed to be constant b. economists can conduct controlled laboratory experiments c. the quantity of Wheaties purchased determines the price of Wheaties d. one cannot generalize about the relationship between the price of Wheaties and quantity purchased a

7 4. Which of the following expressions best states the idea of opportunity cost? a. "All that glitters is not gold." b. "A penny saved is a penny earned." c. "He who hesitates is lost." d. "There is no such thing as a free lunch." d

8 5. The production possibilities curve illustrates the basic principle that: a. any production point below the curve reflects high opportunity costs b. an economy automatically seeks that level of output that employs all of its resources c. the production of more of any one good will in time require smaller and smaller sacrifices of other goods d. if all the resources of an economy are in use, more of one good could be produced only if less of another good is produced d

9 6. The demand curve for chocolate shifts to the right if: a. the government imposes a new tax on milk b. consumers expect the price of chocolate to fall in the future c. the price of chocolate increases d. medical studies conclusively find that chocolate does not cause migraines d

10 7. If the demand for product X is inelastic, a 4 percent increase in the price of X: a. increases the quantity demanded of X by more than 4 percent b. decreases the quantity demanded of X by more than 4 percent c. decreases the quantity demanded of X by less than 4 percent d. increases the quantity demanded of X by less than 4 percent c

11 8. If average cost is declining, then: a. total cost must also be declining b. marginal cost must be greater than average cost c. the average fixed cost curve must lie above the average variable cost curve d. marginal cost must be less than average cost d

12 9. The type of market that possesses the least market power is a(n): a. monopolistically competitive market, as each business differentiates its products b. oligopoly, as each business' size is large relative to the industry c. perfectly competitive market as each business is a price-taker d. monopoly, as it has no competitors c

13 10. A kinked demand curve: a. is typical of rival oligopolists b. has a bend at the new price c. has a flat section below the business' original price d. has three segments a

14 11. An employer in a perfectly competitive market should hire additional labour as long as: a. MC exceeds MR b. the wage rate is less than MP c. average product exceeds MP d. MRP exceeds the wage rate d

15 12. The demand curve for loanable funds is downward-sloping: a. because households are willing to save more at high interest rates than they are at low interest rates b. because more investment projects are profitable for businesses at low interest rates than at high interest rates c. because the amount of profitable business investment varies directly with the interest rate d. only at high interest rates b

16 13. A large GDP gap implies: a. a high rate of unemployment b. an excess of imports over exports c. a sharply rising price level d. that the majority of consumer demand has changed from goods to services a

17 14. Inflation and purchasing power: a. are the same thing b. move in opposite directions if real incomes don't increase c. are not related d. help boost GDP per capita b

18 15. Ceteris paribus, an improvement in productivity will shift the aggregate: a. demand curve to the left b. supply curve to the left, while potential output remains constant c. supply curve to the right, while potential output remains constant d. supply curve to the right, while potential output increases c

19 16. What do investment and government purchases have in common? a. Both are influenced by the wealth effect. b. Both represent withdrawals from the income-spending stream. c. Neither affects aggregate demand. d. Both represent injections to the income-spending stream. d

20 17. Assume that the economy is operating below its potential output. Under these conditions, government fiscal policy should be directed toward a(n): a. decrease in government purchases and/or tax increases b. increase in government purchases and/or tax cuts c. increase in both government purchases and taxes d. decrease in both government purchases and taxes b

21 18. Which of the following is correct? a. Government purchases and taxes both decrease real output. b. Government purchases increase, but taxes decrease, real output. c. Government purchases and taxes both increase real output. d. Government purchases decrease, but taxes increase, real output. b

22 19. If the monetary authorities want to reduce chartered bank lending, they can: a. lower the bank rate b. do none of the others c. sell federal bonds in the open market d. buy federal bonds in the open market c

23 20. According to the theory of comparative advantage, a product should be produced in that nation where: a. its absolute money cost of production is least b. there is an absolute advantage in its production c. its opportunity cost is lowest in terms of alternative products that might otherwise be produced d. the opportunity cost is greatest c

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25 21. Scientists discover a way to produce faster-growing tomatoes through genetic manipulation. P Q S D S1S1

26 22. Rolling Stones CD prices are raised $10 by the record company due to recent piracy. P Q S D Surplus P2P2

27 23. The health benefit of riding bikes is proven to be enormous. P Q S D D1D1

28 24. Industrial factories export goods annually. However, the Canadian dollar has increased its value this past year. P Q S D D1D1

29 25. Farmer Greg sees peas as a more profitable venture than potatoes and shifts his production focus accordingly. P Q S D S1S1

30 26. In a deflationary gap period (and equilibrium) show, using our aggregate model, what happens when the government increases its spending. Price Level Output (GDP) AS AD FE AD 1

31 27. CPI is 0.87 in 1994 and 1.07 in If a house cost $ in 1994, what should it cost now if its price rose only by inflation? If in fact it is now priced at $ , has the buyer's purchasing power risen or fallen over this period? = ___X___ X = (1.07) X = (1.07) 0.87 X = $ which is less than $ Therefore if income has risen by the rate of inflation, the purchasing power of a buyer has fallen.

32 28. If Adam can sell 10 ski club sweatshirts at $50 or 8 at $75, what is the elasticity over this range? What's the best choice? __(10-8)/9_ (75-50)/62.5 = 0.222/0.4 = 0.55 Since the elasticity is inelastic, they should raise the price to increase revenue … unless they want to encourage school spirit!

33 29. Use Okun's Law to predict potential GDP if actual GDP was $400 billion and unemployment is 4% over full. 4% x 2 = 8% GDP Gap Therefore 400/0.92 = billion is potential GDP

34 30. MPC is The government injects $50 million into the economy to gain what GDP? If MPC is 0.83, MPS is x 1/0.17 = $ million increase to GDP

35 31. Use a tax cut instead. What is the gain to GDP? Taxpayers will save or withdraw the first 17% of the tax cut, therefore 50 x 0.17 = $8.5 million is saved or withdrawn, but the remaining $41.5 million is, 41.5 x 1/0.17 = $ million increase to GDP

36 32. Using supply and demand for loanable funds graph, what happens if the government buys bonds while at the same time consumers are warned interest rates will rise in six months? S1S1 D1D1 Q LF S D Interest Rate Q1 Q2

37 33. Acme Widget Ltd. Sells widgets at a price of $24 each. Their cost schedule appears in the following table. Complete the table. Draw the average and marginal curves. Identify the revenue rectangle, the prime breakeven point and the shutdown point. Output (Q) Total Revenue Fixed Costs Variable Costs Total Costs Average Variable Cost AVC ATC (or AC) Marginal Cost MC Marginal Revenue MR Output (Q) Total Revenue Fixed Costs Variable Costs Total Costs Average Variable Cost AVC ATC (or AC) Marginal Cost MC Marginal Revenue MR

38 Perfect Competition Profit Maximization Quantity Revenue D=AR=MRP MC AC AVC Revenue Rectangle Cost Profit 52 24

39 Analyze an analysis of our economy (from a banks economic website. Know your macro tools and consequences. Use three seminar topics to suggest improvements to our economy


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