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TO BE ¿Dónde está?. What do the following mean? ¿Qué hora es?  What time is it?/What hour is it? ¿De dónde eres?  Where are you from? ¿Cómo estas? 

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Presentation on theme: "TO BE ¿Dónde está?. What do the following mean? ¿Qué hora es?  What time is it?/What hour is it? ¿De dónde eres?  Where are you from? ¿Cómo estas? "— Presentation transcript:

1 TO BE ¿Dónde está?

2 What do the following mean? ¿Qué hora es?  What time is it?/What hour is it? ¿De dónde eres?  Where are you from? ¿Cómo estas?  How are you ¿Cómo eres?  How are you? (What are you like?) What two verbs in Spanish mean “to be”?

3 What verb means TO BE? 2 different verbs in Spanish are translated to “to be” English is not as precise SER and ESTAR both mean “to be”

4 El verbo estar ESTAR = TO BE EstoyEstamos Estás(Estáis) estáEstán

5 Ser

6 SER D – date O – occupation C – characteristic T – Time O – origin R – Relation (es mi amiga) ESTAR P – position L – location A – action C – condition (broken/new) E – emotion (mood)

7 SER Ser expresses ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS  To tell time (¿Qué hora es?)  To express place of origin (Soy de Texas)  To express occupation (soy estudiante)  To express nationality (Soy americano/a)

8 More uses for SER  To express religious/political affiliation (Soy Cristiano/a)  To express the material something is made of Es de metal.  To express possession (es de nosotros)  To express relationships (Somos hermanos)

9 Estar is used to express: Expresses the CONDITION geographic or physical location  ¿Dónde está Chile?  Where’s Chile? state or condition (mood or state)  ¿Cómo estás tú?  How are you? many idiomatic expressions  estar de acuerdo  to be in agreement

10 ¿Dónde está? detrás de=in back of delante de=in front of cerca de =close to lejos de=far from debajo de=below arriba de = above

11 encima de =on top of al lado de=next to a la derecha de = to the right of A la izquierda de = to the left of Adentro de = inside of Afuera de = outside of Entre = between Arriba de = above

12 On a blank sheet of paper (you will turn this in at the end of class) Make two columns.  Label one “SER” & the other “Estar”  Under SER/ESTAR, write D – date : Example of sentence telling the date:  Hoy es el 30 de Marzo. O C T O R  Do “Place” for ESTAR Make two columns  Write one prepositional phrase on one side and its opposite on the other.  Estar Delante de/Estar Detrás de  Write a sentence using each.  Estoy delante de mi amiga  Mi amiga está detrás de mí Detrás de, delante de, cerca de, debajo de, al lado de, lejos de, encima de

13 Tarea (en clase) Vocabulary Sheet Columns sheet Libro


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