Presentation on theme: "Vedic India I. Stage One: Early Vedic Age, 1500-1000 BCE II. Stage Two: Later Vedic Age, 1000-500 BCE III. Stage Three: Hinduism & Early Buddhism, after."— Presentation transcript:
1 Vedic IndiaI. Stage One: Early Vedic Age, BCE II. Stage Two: Later Vedic Age, BCE III. Stage Three: Hinduism & Early Buddhism, after 500 BCE IDs: Brahmans, karma, Mahavira, Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), d. 483 BCE
2 ArgumentThe Vedic religion provided a united identity for people in north India. It began as a tribal faith which emphasized sacrifice and evolved into an ethical religion - Hinduism – around 500 BCE.
3 Indus River Civilization (3500-2000 BCE) IndiaPakistanBangladeshHimalaya Mtns.Punjab
4 2000-1600 BCE: Crisis & collapse of Indus River Culture
23 The Three Jewels “I go for refuge to the Buddha. I go for refuge to the Doctrine (dharma).I go for refuge to the Order (sangha).”
24 D. Religious Changes in South Asia (in Hinduism) Emergence of Popular CultsShivaVishnuKrishna
25 Development of Vedic Religion into Hinduism Stage One1500 – 1000 BCEEarly Vedic ReligionStage Two(1000 BCE – 600 BCE)Stage Three(600 BCE – 500 BCE)Hinduism & BuddhismHistory: Tribal organization, migration into north India, settlement, domination by Brahmins & kshatriyaText: Rig VedaReligion: Brahmins (priests), sacrifice, caste, obedienceHuman Needs: Identity (caste)SecurityHistory: Many small states governed by kshatriya; growth of townsText: UpanishadsReligion: elaboration of caste system, karma, reincarnation, dharmaHuman Needs:IdentitySecurityAnswersHistory: Dissatisfaction, towns, tradeTexts: Mahabharata, RamayanaReligion: Mahavira & non-violence; Buddha & 4 Noble TruthsHuman Needs:AnswersPersonal Connection