4 Section 1 Cell Organization Composed of cellulose, a ___________ grows, changes shape, and protects the cells of plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria.Cell __________-protective layer around all cells.allows food and oxygen into the cell and waste products out of the cell.
5 Section 1 Cell Organization _____________-gelatinlike substance inside the cell membrane.______________ scaffolding-like structure in cytoplasm which helps cell keep its shape.Eukaryotic cells have ___________ which help with cell like processes.
6 Section 1 Cell Organization ________________ contains instructions for everything a cell does; includes DNACODE
7 Section 1 Cell Organization Energy-processing organelles- help cells do their workGreen organelles in plant cells contain ____________ to make food.Organelles which release energy from food are called _______________.green pigment=chlorophyll
8 Section 1 Cell Organization Manufacturing organelles______________ make proteins for cell activities.Some ribosomes attach to the rough part of the endoplasmic reticulum.
9 Section 1 Cell Organization Transporting and storing organelles______________move substances out of a cell or to other parts of a cell.______________membrane-bound temporary storage space.
10 Section 1 Cell Organization Recycling organelles_______________break down food molecules and cell waste.
11 Section 1 Cell to Organism Cells work together to keep an organism alive.________ group of similar cells working together on one job.Different types of tissues working together make up an _________.A group of organs working together on a particular function form a ___________.lining inside mouthkidneyheart, blood, and vessels
12 Section 2-Viewing Cells Magnifying CellsEarly microscopes- lenses made images ________, but not always clear.
13 Section 2 Viewing CellsModern microscopes- use lenses to bend lightA simple microscope has one lens while a compound microscope has multiple lenses.A stereomicroscope, which has two eyepieces, creates a three-dimensional image.Powers of the eyepiece multiplied by objective lenses determine total magnification.
14 Electron microscopes- more powerful than other microscopes. Section 2 Viewing CellsElectron microscopes- more powerful than other microscopes.Use a _____________ in a vacuum to bend electronic beams.Images must be photographed or produced electronically.
15 Development of the cell theory Section 2 Viewing CellsDevelopment of the cell theoryThe cell theory resulted from many scientists’ observations and conclusions.The basic unit of organization is the cell.All organisms are composed of one or more cells.New cells come from old cells through cell division.
16 Section 3-Viruses___________ - a nonliving strand of hereditary material surrounded by a protein coating.Virus multiplication- viruses can make copies of themselves only inside a living ___________ cell.Active viruses make the host cell create new viruses, which kills the host cell
17 5 steps of active virus multiplication Section 3 Viruses5 steps of active virus multiplicationvirus attaches to host cellhereditary material enters host cellhereditary material causes the cell to make viral hereditary materialnew viruses form inside the host cellviruses are released as the host cell bursts
18 Section 3 Viruses__________viruses hide in the host cell without destroying it.virus hereditary material becomes part of the host cell hereditary materiallatent viruses can become active and then destroy the host cells.
19 Viruses effects on organisms Section 3 VirusesViruses effects on organismsmost viruses infect only specific kinds of cellsviruses are often carried to the host through the airthe virus and host cell must fit together exactly to begin a viral infection._____________attach to bacteria and inject their hereditary material.
20 Section 3 Viruses Fighting Viruses __________- weakened virus particles which allow the host to fight some diseases
21 Treating viral diseases Section 3 VirusesTreating viral diseases_______________ are not effective treatments for viral infectionsInfected cells sometimes produce ____________, which are proteins that can protect non-infected cells.Antiviral drugs often have adverse _____________, limiting their use.Public health measure can _________ or slow disease spread.
22 Section 3 Viruses Research ________________ uses viruses to replace defective cell hereditary material with normal cell hereditary material.