2 What is a Budget? A plan for spending and saving money “A budget takes the fun out of money”Mason Cooley
3 Budgeting: A Perspective “Budgeting has a bad rap. Too many people who give budget advice are detail people and/or control freaks. They make you think that if you don’t record every taco and pair of pantyhose, you’re on the road to financial ruin. You don’t have to track every penny to have an effective financial plan. The secret is setting priorities. Pay yourself first, then pay your bills, then you can blow what’s left with a clear conscience”Ann Coleman
4 Why Do Budgets Get a Bad Rap? Does the mere mention of the word “budget” conjure up images of drudgery and deprivation? You’re not alone. Most people think budgets areRigid and inflexiblePainful – who wants to eat Top Ramen every night?No fun!
5 Why Budgets Really Do Make Sense A good budget should help you set priorities and achieve what’s important to you. Not what’s important to your banker, your best friend, or your relatives. A good budget should beFlexible: It should change as your needs change.Ongoing: It’s not a one-time event. A budget should be part of your everyday life.Clear and easy to use: 12 page spreadsheets are out!
6 Budgets: Where to Start Be clear on what you make and how much you spend.Anticipate all of your potential expenses.
7 Budget Categories Income Savings Expenses Gross Net Emergencies Long-TermRetirementShort-TermExpensesFixedVariableDiscretionary
8 Income: The Amount of Money Earned Gross income: An individual’s income before taxes.Net income: Income after taxes are paid.Fasten your seat belts: Taxes can range from 15% to 31%. Yikes!
9 The Amazing Disappearing Paycheck Your first real job pays $30,000/year. You’re rolling in the bucks, right? Not necessarily.Your salary is your gross income. Take off at least 25% for taxes and other deductions. That’s what’s left for you to spend.Example:Gross salary = $30,000Minus 25% taxes and deductions ,500Net income $22,500Quite a hit, huh?
10 Savings: Pay Yourself First Savings is unspent income.TypesEmergencies: Plan to set aside three months’ living expensesLong-term: Large ticket items (house, car, college)Retirement: It’s never to early to startShort-term: Vacation, clothes, new skis
11 The Power of Saving Early Save early and regularly. Then watch your money grow!If you start at age 21 with $1,000 and add $50/month until you’re 55, you’ll end up with $120,373!You contributed only $21,400. The remaining $98,793 is interest. You didn’t have to lift a finger for it. Sweet deal! Imagine if you saved even more monthly!
12 Expenses Expense: A cost to meet a need or pay a debt Types of expensesFixedVariableDiscretionary
13 Fixed Expenses A cost that occurs regularly and doesn’t vary in amount RentMortgageCar paymentInsurance premiumSchool loansOthers?
14 Variable Expenses A cost that occurs regularly but may vary in amount ElectricityWater and GarbageTelephoneGasolineGroceriesOthers?
15 Discretionary Expenses A cost determined by personal wants that may be controlledMovies, videos, CDsSportsEating outGrooming and clothesConcerts and playsVacationsOthers?
16 Safe PercentagesThe percentages shown below represent guidelines for safe amounts for major budget items. These are guidelines. You may choose to adjust these, but remember, if you spend 80% of your income on housing, you’ll be eating lots of Top Ramen during the month!10% Saving8% Misc.7% Credit Payments5% Health28% Housing20% Transportation6% Clothing16% Food
17 Budget Basics Summary Establish a budget with the following: IncomeSavingsExpensesFixedVariableDiscretionaryEnd up with a budget surplus and you’re a success!Set your priorities. What do you want to accomplish with your money?