Which of the following was not desire of the Third Estate? a. To abolish the monarchy. b. To set up a constitutional government that would abolish the tax exemptions. c. For each deputy of the Estates General to have one vote. d. All of the above were wishes of the Third Estate.
The promise made by the National Assembly to meet until they had drafted a French constitution was called the ____________ __________Oath.
When the king threatened to use force against the Third Estate, it was the common people who saved the Third Estate from the king’s forces. On July 14, 1789, what structure was taken down brick by brick when a mob of Parisians rushed to Paris?
What was the Great Fear? a. A plague that swept across France in the late 1700s. b. A period of panic that spread through France in the summer of the revolution. c. When Napoleon states a coup d’etat d. None of the above
The Great Fear was (b) a period of panic that spread through France in the summer of the revolution.
Aristocratic privileges, such as payment of fees for the use of village facilities and contributions to the clergy.
The term san-culottes, meaning “without breeches,” implied that the members of this political group were a. Women, because they wore skirts. b. Very poor and could not afford pants. c. Pacifists who did not use guns. d. Ordinary patriots without fine clothes.
Between 1793 and 1794 the Committee of Pubic Safety took control. To defend France from threats, courts were set up to prosecute enemies of the republic. Close to 40,000 people were killed during this period.
In its attempts to create a new order that reflected its belief in reason, the National Convention a. Declared new national holidays celebrating great French cuisine. b. Ordered the building of several new libraries and universities, even though the treasury was empty. c. Pursued a policy of dechristianization, going so far as to adopt a new calendar. d. Drafted yet another Constitution to reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment.
C; Pursued a policy of Dechristianization. The word saint was removed from street names, churches were pillaged and closed; priests were encouraged to marry.
Under this church reform, lands belonging to the Church were seized and sold, the Church was secularized when bishops and priests were to be elected by the people. Essentially, the French government now controlled the Church.
What was the most important of the seven legal codes established by Napoleon? a. The Religious Code b. The Food Code c. The Merchant Code. d. The Civil Code.
D; the Civil Code (the Napoleonic Code) It preserved the gains made by the revolution by recognizing the principle of equality of all before the law, the right of a person to choose a profession, religious toleration, and the abolition of serfdom and feudalism!
True or False? Napoleon shut down 60 of France’s 73 newspapers.
True! He insisted that all manuscripts be censored!
What was Napoleon’s final battle? a. Trafalgar b. Leipzig c. Waterloo d. Elba
The three major parts of Napoleon’s Grand Empire were a. The First Estate, the Second Estate, and the Third Estate. b. France, Morocco, and Algeria c. The French Empire, the dependent states, and the allied states. d. Austria, Prussia, and Serbia
C; the French Empire, the dependent states, and the allied states.
How did the Russians defeat Napoleon’s Grand Army? a. By retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own villages and countryside. b. By waiting to attack during the brutal Russian winter. c. By splitting their meager forces in half and attacking from two sides. d. Making an alliance with Egypt, which launched an attack on Turkey to draw Napoleon out of Russia.
A; retreating hundreds of miles and burning their villages and countryside.
What term is used for the unique cultural identify of a people based on their common factors?