Presentation on theme: "Apuntes (Notes) el 16 de septiembre Los sustantivos (Nouns) A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas. Unlike English,"— Presentation transcript:
Apuntes (Notes) el 16 de septiembre Los sustantivos (Nouns) A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas. Unlike English, all Spanish nouns, even those that refer to non-living things, have gender; that is, they are considered either masculine or feminine.
An important reason to memorize the gender of every noun is that there are common exceptions to the rules of gender. For example, el mapa (map) and el día (day) end in –a, but are masculine. La mano (hand) ends in –o, but is feminine.
Los artículos definidos (Definite Articles) el, la, los and las all mean THE EL is used with masculine singular nouns. el autobús LA is used with feminine singular nouns. la cosa LOS is used with masculine plural nouns. los chicos LAS is used with feminine plural nouns. las chicas
Making Nouns Plural In Spanish, nouns that end in a vowel form the plural by adding –s. Nouns that end in a consonant add –es. Nouns that end in –z change the –z to –c, then add –es. el → losla → las
In general, when a singular noun has an accent mark on the last syllable, the accent is dropped from the plural form.
Los artículos indefinidos (Indefinite articles)
¿Cuántos? =How many? (Used with masculine nouns) ¿Cuántas? =How many? (Used with feminine nouns) ¿Cuántos/as hay? = How many are there? Hay cuatro cuadernos y tres lápices. (There are four notebooks and three pencils.)