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Teamness Ron Stock MD MA Associate Professor of Family Medicine OHSU April 12, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Teamness Ron Stock MD MA Associate Professor of Family Medicine OHSU April 12, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teamness Ron Stock MD MA Associate Professor of Family Medicine OHSU April 12, 2013

2 Objectives Define what we mean by “teams” and “team- based care” Illustrate some attributes of “teamness” Understand how you might improve team care in your practice Discuss important team “issues” or challenges


4 “Team-based health care is the provision of health services to individuals, families, and/or their communities by at least two health providers who work collaboratively with patients and their caregivers—to the extent preferred by each patient– to accomplish shared goals within and across settings to achieve coordinated high-quality care.” IOM, 2012

5 What’s an example of a highly effective team that you’ve been part of?

6 Senior Health & Wellness Center Team PATIENT: Christa with Team

7 Six Themes Emerge from Transforming Practices* 1.Practice adaptive reserve is critical to managing change 2.Developmental pathways to success vary by practice 3.Motivation of key practice members is essential 4.The larger system can help or hinder 5.Practice transformation requires shifts in roles and mental models 6.Practice change is enabled by the multiple roles that facilitators play—consultant, coach, negotiator, connector, and facilitator * Crabtree et al. Summary of the NDP and Recommendations for the PCMH. Ann Fam Med.2010.s80-s90

8 What is a team? Multidisciplinary Interdisciplinary Interdependent

9 Team-Based Care vs. Teamwork “Teamwork” – a mode of functioning between individuals (relationship-centric) “Team-based care”- a specific approach to the delivery of health care that is based on facilitating teamwork among participants, often through structured protocols or processes (process/task-centric)

10 Teamwork Model (Baker et al, 2005) Organization Team Individual

11 Individual Teamwork Skills Personal skills & behaviors Communication Team Leadership Mutual Performance Monitoring Backup Behavior Adaptability

12 Facilitative Leadership Practice leadership promotes an environment that is an enjoyable place to work Leadership in this practice creates an environment where things can be accomplished Leadership strongly supports practice change efforts The practice leadership makes sure that we have the time and space necessary to discuss changes to improve care

13 Leadership Roles & Behaviors Unambiguous support Set direction; teams are assigned authority for the “means” Support Managers Create a learning environment Maintain boundaries Inspire/Reward/Celebrate

14 “HOW TO” Develop Teams The Team Intervention “Bundle” Leadership Commitment – Organization – Practice/Unit level (MD and Site Leader Interview) Define Team, Leadership and Structure – Meeting format & agenda (patients;performance;operations) – Balance task and relationship The Team Development Measure – Feedback to team with discussion – Target improvements Intra-staff communication skills training Patient/case-focused care conferences or “huddles”

15 Exercise The Team Development Measure

16 The Team Development Measure (TDM) 31 Items Rasch survey measurement methodology: – 0-100 scale; – 4 response categories Psychometric testing: – 145 different teams; n=1195 staff – Classical Test Theory: Cronbach’s alpha=0.97;

17 The Team Development Measure (TDM) Cohesion Communication Roles & Goals Clarity Team Primacy “…the social glue that binds the team members as a unit.” Team members…. Say what they feel and think; are truthful, respectful and positive; address conflict maturely Clearly defined roles/goals and expectations. Accomplishments of the team are placed above individuals Building PreTeam Stage 1 Fully Developed Stage 8 Stage 7 Stage 6 Stage 5 Stage 4 Stage 3 Stage 2 Established

18 Cohesion “…the social glue that binds the team members as a unit.” Interventions: “Hiring for fit” Understanding team members’ “passion” Use the “we” language Celebrate/reward

19 Communication Team members…. Say what they feel and think; Are truthful, respectful, and positive; Address conflict maturely Interventions: Workshop on communication “styles” Practice through care-planning, “huddles” Leadership modeling

20 Building Team Roles & Goals Clearly defined roles/goals and expectations. Interventions: Staff write roles and share/negotiate with team Flowchart clinical processes to better understand roles Expose team to different clinical roles

21 Team Primacy Accomplishments of the team are placed above individuals Interventions: Understand organizational “Mission” Solicit input from all “roles” in team meetings Use team to develop QI agenda Demonstrate internal “transparency”

22 Typical 1 st Assessment Results

23 Same Team 4 Months Later

24 How Much Teamness Is There in Clinics? Research on 42 Clinics


26 Team Intervention Clinic All Clinics

27 In XXXX clinics the single strongest predictor of overall satisfaction with care and service is: “The teamwork of the clinic staff who took care of you during your visit.” Patient Satisfaction

28 Making “Teamwork” Development Relevant: 1)The TDM Action Plan Worksheet; 2) Principles of Successful Teamwork

29 Important “Team” Issues Communication training Conflict management What to do with the non-team player? Where do patients and families fit in to the team? Leadership: formal vs informal Changing team membership Balancing task vs relationship Boundaries

30 Final Thoughts Teams don’t just happen, training is necessary Physician leadership and commitment is essential Requires ongoing maintenance and practice Need for continuous assessment and feedback Teams are a prerequisite for sustainable quality improvement Health and organizational health outcomes improve

31 Discussion

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