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© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter © 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Buying and Owning a Vehicle 23.1Buying a Vehicle 23.2Maintaining a Vehicle 23
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 2 Lesson 23.1 Buying a Vehicle GOALS ■List and explain the steps of the car-buying process. ■Explain vehicle financing choices, including leasing. ■Discuss consumer protection laws for new- and used-car buyers.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Do Now:Buying a Car ■What do you want in a car? (Features, details, used, new?) ■Price range you can afford from Unit 1- Net-pay. ■Will you commute to your job? Agenda: -Notes -Car research HW: Outline
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 4 The Car-Buying Process ■Decide what you can afford. ■Monthly payment ■No more than 20 percent of the money you have left after paying your regular monthly expenses. ■Other costs ■Maintenance ■Fuel ■Auto insurance
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 5 The Car-Buying Process Decide whether to buy new or used. ■Cost is a major factor in this decision. ■A new car is much more expensive. ■A new car loses much of its market value as soon as you drive it off the lot. (Depreciates MUCH faster) ■Buying a well-maintained used car can save you money. ■On the other hand, a used car is likely to need more repairs. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 6 The Car-Buying Process ■A fair price for a new car usually lies somewhere between the sticker price and invoice price. ■For a new car, the sticker price, or manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP), is the price shown on the tag in the car’s window. ■The price the dealer paid for it is called the invoice price. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 7 The Car-Buying Process Check the history of a used vehicle. -Enter the VIN into the online search tool at CARFAX to get a detailed history. ■A vehicle identification number (VIN) is an alpha- numeric number that identifies each vehicle manufactured or sold in the United States. -The full report provides information such as: ■Whether the vehicle has been in a serious accident ■How many times the vehicle has been sold ■The mileage readings each time it was sold (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 8 The Car-Buying Process ■Decide how you will pay for it. ■Find out how much money you will be qualified to borrow before visiting car dealers. ■Preapproval is the process of getting a new- or used- car loan prearranged through your bank or credit union. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 9 Financing v. Leasing Your Car ■APR applies to loans for cars. ■Lease: Paying to use the car for a certain amount of time and returning it when the time is up (reasonable condition). ■Financing: You own the car and are making monthly payments on the car over a period of time.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 10 Consumer Protection for Car Buyers New Car Warranties : Coverage of basic parts against manufacturer defects and the coverage of the power train (engine, transmission, & drive train). Lemon laws : Laws exist in many states and protect consumers from the consequences of buying a defective car. A lemon is a car with substantial defects that the manufacturer has been unable to fix after repeated attempts. FTC rule : Requires that dealers fully disclose to buyers what is and is not covered under warranty for the used vehicle.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Chapter 23 11 Costs of Owning a Car ■Registration and title ■A car title is a legal document that establishes ownership of the vehicle. ■You must pay title fees and sales taxes only at the time you buy the car. ■You must also pay an annual car registration or license tag fee. (continued)
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