Presentation on theme: "HOMEWORK Due Friday, September 22"— Presentation transcript:
1 HOMEWORK Due Friday, September 22 Complete the chart entitled “New Inventions of the Market Revolution” and define the four terms at the bottom.
2 STARTER Friday, September 22 Get out your homework!STARTER Friday, September 22Read “Historical Spotlight: Slave Revolts” & “World Stage: Slavery in the Americas” on pagesAnswer the questions below:What probably happened to slaves involved in revolts once they were caught?Why were these slaves willing to sacrifice their lives?Jamaica was the site of many violent slave rebellions and free black insurrections. Why do you think there were more slave/free black revolts in Jamaica than in America?
3 Starter Monday September 15 Find your stickman transparencyGet in groups and review so you can presentIf you already presented you will need to review so be readyMake sure your chart is accurate!
4 Reforming American Society Reform Movements of the s2.2 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.2.5 Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.2.6 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.
5 American Cultural Pride A clear “American” culture was emerging in the 1830s
6 Hudson River School The Hudson River School was an art school The artists created paintings which celebrated the American landscapeThe paintings revealed the truth in human emotionAmerican art and literature was developing and becoming recognized
7 Asher DurandKindred Spirits, 1849 The New York Public Library, New York CityBuffalo Bull's Back Fat, head chief, Blood Tribe in the National Museum of American Art, Washington D.C.By George Catlin
9 Frederic ChurchNiagara 1857 Oil on canvas 42 1/2 x 90 1/2 in. (108 x cm) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington
10 Transcendentalism Transcendentalism is a form of American literature Emphasized:Simple livingCelebrating natureOptimismFreedomSelf-reliance
11 Ralph Waldo Emerson Emerson was a transcendentalist New England writer Wrote about simple living, nature, and personal emotion and imagination
12 Henry David ThoreauLived in solitude at Walden Pond in Massachusetts, writing the book WaldenUrged the concept of civil disobedience, protesting by refusing to obey the law(IMPORTANT: Ghandi & Martin Luther King adopt this view in their protests in the 21st century)
13 Ideal Communities Created The optimism of the transcendentalist movement led to the development of ideal communitiesTwo include:Utopian CommunitiesShaker Communities
14 Utopian CommunitiesGroups tried to form Utopian Communities, or perfect places to live- “utopias”They lived together with common goals such as self-sufficiencyBest known communities included New Harmony and Brook FarmMost of these communities failed
15 Shaker Communities Shakers were a religious community of New England They believed that men & women were equal, no fighting for any reason, and they shared their goods with each otherThey are well known for the style of furniture they createdShakers vowed to never marry, therefore they could not keep their community alive
16 ReformTo improve or change what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory
17 Reforming Prisons & Asylums The movement to reform prisons and asylums was led by Dorothea DixShe helped set up mental hospitals, emphasizing rehabilitation and treatment rather than punishment
18 Reforming EducationThe movement to reform education was led by Horace MannHe helped pass compulsory school laws (laws requiring school attendance), helped raise taxes for schools & teacher training programs.
19 Second Great Awakening A religious movement that swept the countryAppealed to common peoplePromoted the ideas of individualism and responsibilityRevivals were started (open to blacks and whites)LEADER: Charles Finney (preacher)
20 Religion & the Slavery Debate African Americans interpreted Christian messages as a promise of freedom for their peopleThe Second Great Awakening brought people of all races together to worship togetherThe North voiced it’s religious opposition to slavery, especially as it became more industrial
21 Religion & the Slavery Debate Proslavery advocates used the Bible to defend slavery (citing passages about obedience)The abolition movement (movement to outlaw slavery) was fueled by religious leaders such as Charles FinneyNat Turner, a Virginian slave and preacher, interpreted an eclipse as a divine sign and lead a slave rebellion
22 William Lloyd Garrison A white abolitionist and editor of the abolition newspaper, The Liberator.He called for the immediate emancipation of slaves (freeing without payment to slaveholders)
23 The Liberator, an abolition newspaper by William Lloyd Garrison
24 Fredrick DouglassBorn into slavery, but was taught by his master’s wife to read and writeEscaped slaveryBecame a famous abolition speakerStarted a newspaper called The North Star
25 Defending SlaverySome used the Bible to defend slavery citing passages that encourage servants to obey their mastersThey believed that slavery benefited blacks by making them part of a prosperous, Christian civilization
26 Women’s Rights Movement The Women’s Rights Movement of the 1830s was led by two female abolitions, Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia MottThey were inspired by the abolition movement to make changes for women
28 Women’s RightsReformers wanted more educational opportunities and healthcareIn 1848, a women’s rights convention was held called the Seneca Falls Convention.There, the women issued a Declaration of Sentiments, outlining the rights that women were entitled to.
29 Sojourner TruthAn abolitionist who spoke out for women’s rights
30 Temperance MovementThe temperance movement was the movement to prohibit the drinking of alcoholThis was a movement led mostly by women and churches
31 Labor Reform Workers began to demand higher wages & shorter workdays Trade unions were established, groups of workers within the same trade that organized strikes
32 Classwork REFORM BUMPER STICKER On the slip of paper, create a bumper sticker about one of the reform movements discussed.The bumper sticker should include the following:A slogan that relates to the reform movementA picture that relates to the reform movementColor!USE YOUR BOOK & NOTES!
33 Before you leave Turn in your bumper sticker Turn in your starter notebookBegin correcting your missed test items (due TUESDAY)