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Professor Sung-Yeul Park

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1 Professor Sung-Yeul Park
Battery Energy Storage with an Inverter that Mimics Synchronous Generators Team 1508 Members Nerian Kulla Sabahudin Lalic David Hooper Faculty Advisor Professor Sung-Yeul Park To: ECE/CSE Faculty ECE 4901 Design Review 11/11/2014

2 Outline Background Information Project Goals Key Specifications Design
DC/DC Design DC/AC Design Final Integrated Design Budget Time line

3 Background Information
IFEC, which stands for International Future Energy Challenge, is an international student competition for innovation, conservation, and effective use of Electrical Energy. The main objective of this project  is to: develop a grid-connected energy storage system with an inverter that can mimic the functions of synchronous generators. able to autonomously deliver the right amount of real power and reactive power according to the grid frequency and voltage or to regulate the frequency and voltage via changing the real power and reactive power delivered.

4 Design a Battery that will supply Power to a vehicle, as well as a Power Grid.
Battery capability: Bi-directional current flow (Grid to Battery or Battery to Grid) Potentially fulfill the energy storage needs of the electric grid supplying ancillary services reactive power compensation voltage regulation and peak shaving

5 Project Goals Realize power conversion between the battery and the gird/load with high efficiency Achieve seamless transfer between grid-connected and stand-alone modes Reduce manufacturing cost Have the basic functions of charging, discharging and protection for the battery Meet the desired power quality to the grid/load Improve power density

6 Key Specifications

7 Design Requirements/Challenges: Needs to be bidirectional
It requires to Buck and Boost the voltage Convert voltage from DC to AC Convert voltage from AC to DC Be within the budget Be energy-efficient Meet the specifications

8 Topology DC-DC Converter Bidirectional Buck & Boost converters
Buck converter required to lower voltage from 350V DC to 48V DC Boost converter required to increase the voltage from 48V DC to 350V DC Uses a LC filter to conduct buck and boost conversion and regulate voltage/current ripple

9 Topology AC-DC Rectifier Rectifier Bridge
Convert AC-to-DC needed to charge battery Input 230V AC and outputs 325V DC Uses diodes to rectify current from AC to DC Uses Inductor to filter current ripple A DC link Capacitor filter voltage ripple

10 DC-AC Inverter/AC-DC Rectifier
Topology DC-AC Inverter/AC-DC Rectifier Inverter Bridge Convert DC-to-AC Uses four Power MOSFET switches PWM to control the MOSFET LC filter for a clean B2G AC waveform

11 Topology Power Schematic Bidirectional Boost Converter
(Battery to Grid ) & Buck Converter (Grid to Battery) AC-to-DC (Grid to Battery) & DC-to-AC (Battery to Grid) DC Link

12 Devices Switching Devices Sensors Inductors Transformer Capacitors
IGBT, MOSFET, GaN, etc. Sensors Current sensor, Voltage sensor Inductors Transformer Capacitors

13 Devices Switches Active switches are used to invert DC to AC and convert DC to DC for buck and boost mode using PWM - Devices considered were the MOSFET, IGBT and GaN

14 Devices Switches The device of choice is the Power MOSFET
High switching frequency ( >200kHZ) Reduces the size of the passive elements i.e. Inductors, Capacitors Low switching power loss Low conduction resistance Low cost

15 Devices Sensors Current Sensors Voltage Sensors
Measure the input current and output current Needed for the control stage Voltage Sensors Measure the AC Grid voltage, DC Link voltage and Battery voltage. Needed to for feedback for the control stage

16 PCB Board Using Altium Designer software, we plan on designing our PCB board using the Top and Bottom layer for the components, as well as a mid-layers for common connections, reduce noise levels, and for High Current usage. (Power, Ground, etc.) When building a PCB board, there are different things to consider for the most efficient, safest and reliable Power usage.

17 Placing Components We give careful thought when placing components in order to minimize trace lengths. We place Parts next to each other that connect to each other, which will make laying out traces less difficult and more neat. Arrange components in a specific orientation (up and down, left and right) for easier Pin connections.

18 Using complete planes for Power, Ground, etc.
Copper pours on signal layers are common in PCB’s: Can be a hatched ground pour an analog design Solid Power supply pour for carrying heavy currents Solid ground pour for EMC shielding

19 Track Design Determine standard track width ( avoid shorts occurring, number of tracks used in an area) Consider track size for lines carrying current Determine pad shapes and sizes Thermal Issues With higher processing speeds and higher component densities, in addition working with high voltages and currents, thermal issues should be taken into consideration It is important to allow sufficient space for cooling around hot components. It is also a good idea to leave extra space around components that dissipate larger amounts of heat.

20 Timeline Completed: Proposal submission System Simulations
Circuit Schematic/Design Future Goals: PCB Layout Qualification Report Performance Test

21 Timeline Completed: Proposal submission System Simulations
Circuit Schematic/Design Future Goals: PCB Layout Qualification Report Performance Test

22 Budget

23 Questions?

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