Presentation on theme: "Les adjectifs en français ADJECTIVES IN FRENCH WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? An adjective is a word that modifies a noun by describing it in some way: Shape."— Presentation transcript:
Les adjectifs en français ADJECTIVES IN FRENCH
WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? An adjective is a word that modifies a noun by describing it in some way: Shape Color Size Nationality
French adjectives are different from English adjectives in two ways:
1. Adjectives in French reflect the nouns they describe in gender and number. 2. In French, unlike in English, they usually follow the noun they modify. Un garçon content Une fille contente Des garçons contents Des filles contentes
1. French adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify, which means there can be up to four forms of each adjective: Adjective: joli (pretty) Masculine singular joli Feminine singular jolie Masculine plural jolis Feminine plural jolies
The regular adjectives add -e to the base masculine form if it ends in consonant to form the feminine: Un garçon brunUne fille brune More than one? Add an -s to form the plural: Des garçons bruns Des filles brunes
2. In English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun. However, most French adjectives follow the noun they modify: un livre vert - green book un professeur intelligent - smart teacher
But there are some French adjectives that precede the noun. a) Specialized adjectives called articles--le, la, l, les, un, une, des, d- -always precede the noun they modify. b) BANGS un beau garçon - handsome boy un petit verre - small glass
B – Beauty - beau / bel / belle / beaux / belles A – Age - nouveau / nouvel / nouvelle / nouveaux / nouvelles N – Numbers -premier / première G - Greatness/Goodness -mauvais / mauvaise S – Size -gros / grosse BANGS: RULE FOR WRITING ADJECTIVES
French adjectives change if they are feminine or plural. But they can sometimes change if they are masculine too! There can be up to four forms of each adjective! Most French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural.
Irregular French Adjectives There are several French adjectives which have irregular feminine and plural forms, as well as a special form when they are placed in front of a masculine noun that begins with a vowel or a mute H:
SingularPlural Adjective Masc.Vowel / H Fem.Masc.Fem. beautiful beaubelbellebeauxbelles new nouveau nouvel nouvelle nouveaux nouvelles crazyfoufolfollefousfolles softmoumolmollemousmolles oldvieuxvieilvieillevieuxvieilles
Here are some rules to help you with irregular adjectives? Adjectives whose singular masculine form end in -ien need to double the -n before adding –e to make it feminine. Le garçon canadienLa fille canadienne For adjectives whose singular masculine form ends in -eux change the -x to -s and then add -e to form the feminine singular: Le garçon heureux La fille heureuse
Adjectives whose singular masculine form ends in -é add an unaccented -e to form the singular feminine: Le garçon réservé La fille réservée Adjectives whose singular masculine form ends in -il double the -l and add -e to form the feminine: Le garçon gentil La fille gentille
If more than one adjective modifies a noun, you may connect them with et: Une jeune fille heureuse et sympathique Un jeune homme patient et poli
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