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Green Wedges, Trafic and Sustainable Urban Development Mårten Wallberg - Les Bleus 110923.

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Presentation on theme: "Green Wedges, Trafic and Sustainable Urban Development Mårten Wallberg - Les Bleus 110923."— Presentation transcript:

1 Green Wedges, Trafic and Sustainable Urban Development Mårten Wallberg - Les Bleus

2 Les 10 liaisons vertes 2 Large scale, regional green structures Stretches 30 km from surrounding landscapes to city Including 3-9 municipalities Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

3 Les 10 liaisons vertes (Kilar) 3 Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development Nacka-Värmdökilen Tyrestakilen Hanvedenkilen Bornsjökilen Ekerökilen Görvälnkilen Järvakilen Rösjökilen Angarnkilen Bogesundskilen

4 Les 10 liaisons vertes 4 Nos 10 « joyaux verts » Près des habitants Attractivité Récréation Ecosystem services Ex. climate regulation, biodiversity, pollinisation, air cleaning, peoples health. Economie Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

5 Ex. Järvakilen 5 Les voies de communication ont construit la liaison Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

6 Ex. Järvakilen 6 Il existe des secteurs spécialement sensibles Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

7 Collaboration entre municipalités 7 Rösjökilen, Angarnkilen et Bogesundskilen 8 municipalités, autorités, ONG, universités, etc. Urban Biosphere Initiative (URBIS). Initiative by UNESCO. Others ex. New York, Montreal, New Orleans, Jerusalem. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

8 Qu'est-ce qui gouverne le développement urbain ? 8 L'environment et la nature? Euh…pas tellement, en fait. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

9 Notre Green money – the ecosystem services 9 The Economics of Ecosystems & Biodiversity (TEEB) Travail lancé par l'UE qui, entre autres, a montré que des forêts d'une valeur de 1, milliards d'euros disparaissent chaque année. Le secteur financier aux USA a perdu 0, ,1.000 milliards pendant la crise bancaire de Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

10 Our Green money – the ecosystem services 10 An ecosystem approach to urban planning, which includes equitable access to ecosystem services and planning at the relevant scale, is the key to sustainable cities in the future Jari Niemelä et al Urban Ecology Considering ecosystem services in policy making can save on future municipal costs, boost local economies, enhance quality of life and secure livelihoods. TEEB Report Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

11 Des manières de sécuriser les liaisons vertes 11 Une collaboration renforcée entre municipalités Accroître la quantité d'espaces naturels protégés à l'intérieur Mettre en avant les valeurs des services écosystémiques Se baser sur les accords de Nagoya (COP 10 biodiversity meeting, octobre 2010) Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

12 Qu'est-ce qui gouverne le développement urbain ? 12 Transports, communications Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

13 Qu'est-ce qui gouverne le développement urbain ? 13 L'économie Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

14 Tendances 14 More than half of the human population lives in cities The Stockholm region increases with inhabitants each year Condensation or urban sprawl à la Los Angeles? Conflict of objectives Calculated increases of car trafic with 80% until 2030 The Swedish Transport Administration: The car trafic has to decrease due to the climate goals Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

15 Solutions au trafic automobile 15 Péages urbains flexibles gérés par les gouvernements régionaux (Landstinget) Now a commission about this Affectation des revenus des péages urbains aux transports publics une chance de régler à la fois les objectifs climatiques et lesproblèmes d'encombrement Rapport om Stockholmstrafiken Naturskyddsföreningen i Stockholms län Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

16 16 Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development But if you build a nice, big road for 4 billion euros, then more people will use the car, right? The answer to that question is, NO.

17 17 Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

18 The Environmental Objective A Good Built Environment 18 La planification urbaine doit être basée sur des programmes et stratégies destinés à : The built environment will provide aesthetic experiences and well-being and offer a wide range of housing, workplaces, services and cultural activities that give everybody the opportunity to live a full and stimulating life, while reducing everyday transport needs.. The cultural, historical and architectural heritage in the form of buildings and built environments, as well as places and landscapes of special value, will be protected and enhanced. Areas of unspoiled nature and green spaces close to built- up areas, which will be easily accessible, will be protected in order to meet the need for play, recreation, local cultivation and a healthy local climate.. The use of energy, water and other natural resources will be efficient, resourcesaving and environmentally sound, and will be reduced in the long term; the preferred energy sources will be renewable. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

19 Développement urbain durable Protect good living environments for humans,animals and plants. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

20 Développement urbain durable Use green and blue values as central assets in attractive urban construction. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

21 Développement urbain durable Develop already existing structure – avoid major new exploitations of natural land and green, undeveloped land (virgin land) and of areas of water (lakes and water bodies) and create naturereserves. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

22 Développement urbain durable Create nearness – not distance and a reliance ontransports. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

23 Développement urbain durable Conserve wild nature and continuous green areas and create new green areas. Ecosystem services! Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

24 Développement urbain durable Environmental consideration must permeate all stages of new urban building and encompass all participating actors. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

25 Développement urbain durable Promote pedestrian, bicycle and public transport and develop smart congestion charges. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

26 Développement urbain durable Mix areas for working, living, shopping and service, but concentrate activities with many visitors to central locations. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

27 Développement urbain durable Satisfy the needs of children for places to play and exercise. The traffic environment should make it possible for children to move around without having to be driven by car. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

28 Développement urbain durable Avoid creating new low density building projects that increase the reliance on transport and decrease the utility and aesthetic values of nearby nature. Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

29 Planification urbaine durable Reconstruct Bromma Airport 29 Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923

30 Merci beaucoup Mårten Wallberg President Naturskyddsföreningen i Stockholms län (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation Stockholm Branch) Policy for sustainable urban planning: lansforbund/verksamhetsomraden/hallbar-stadsutveckling/ 30 Les Bleus - Green Wedges, Trafic & Sustainble Urban Development110923


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