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© World Customs Organization Article 7.7 of the WTO TFA and Authorized Economic Operators Knowledge Academy 11 July, 2014
Article 7.7 of the WTO TFA -Broad features Additional trade facilitation measures to ‘Authorized Operators’ Specified criteria may include- appropriate record of compliance with Customs and other related regulations, a system of managing records for necessary internal controls, financial solvency, and supply chain security. No criteria mandatory, No arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, No restriction to SMEs. © World Customs Organization
Trade Facilitation Measures -Authorized Operators Atleast three benefits of the following : low documentary and data requirements, low rate of physical inspections and examinations, rapid release time, deferred payment of duties, taxes, fees and charges, use of comprehensive guarantees or reduced guarantees, a single customs declaration for all imports or exports in a given period, and clearance of goods at the premises of the authorized operator or another place authorized by Customs. © World Customs Organization
WCO Instruments and Tools ‘Authorized Person’ - the RKC (GA- Transitional Standard 3.32) Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) – the SAFE FoS SAFE Package : Customs Guidelines on Integrated Supply Chain Management AEO Implementation Guidance AEO Compendium - 2014 edition Model AEO Appeal Procedures AEO Benefits: Contribution from the WCO Private Sector Consultative Group Guidelines for the Purchase and Deployment of Scanning/Imaging Equipment - 2011 edition SAFE Data Element Maintenance Mechanism Trade Recovery Guidelines The Authorized Economic Operator and the Small and Medium Enterprise (FAQ) Mutual Recognition Arrangement/Agreement Guidelines AEO Template Customs-Business Partnership Guidance © World Customs Organization
Authorized Person - the RKC Eligibility Criteria includes: An appropriate record of compliance with Customs requirements, and A satisfactory system of managing commercial records. Benefits : Release of goods on minimum necessary information, Clearance at the declarant’s premises or another place authorized by the Customs, Single declaration for all imports/exports over a period, Self assessment of duty and tax on the basis of commercial records, Goods declaration by means of an entry in the records of the AP followed by a supplementary Goods declaration. © World Customs Organization
Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) – the SAFE FoS Eligibility criteria : demonstrated compliance record, satisfactory system for the management of commercial records, financial viability, and security concerning cargo, transport conveyances, premises, personnel and trade partners. Benefits : reduced data sets for cargo release, expedited processing and release of shipments, minimum number of cargo security inspections, reduction of/exemption from bank guarantees, priority inspection, reduction of theft and damage, improved internal efficiency, benefits from other countries - MRAs, Enhanced security leads to several intangible benefits, including enhanced competitiveness and reputation. © World Customs Organization
AEOs AEO – standardized more comprehensive, 168 WCO Members signed a letter of intent, 56 AEO programmes fully implemented, with another 12 at finalization stages, 28 Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs). © World Customs Organization
Analysis Benefits for AOs in the WTO TFA - similar to RKC and SAFE AEO, Focus in AO is on trade compliance and supply chain security may be one of the component, while AEO must always comply with a range of security standards. Specified criteria not mandatory- varied models of the scheme. Challenge to have a common approach for MRA. Para 7.4 of the Article – use of international standards. WCO Standards fully supports- The RKC and its guidelines and The SAFE FoS and SAFE Package. AO could be a stepping stone for implementation of full fledged AEO. © World Customs Organization
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