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Equality and Inspection – an Ofsted perspective of Impact October 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Equality and Inspection – an Ofsted perspective of Impact October 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Equality and Inspection – an Ofsted perspective of Impact October 2011

2 PROTECT | 2 Objectives  Overview of expectations for equality as indicated by the common inspection framework for further education and skills  Messages from inspections since 2009 – introduction of new framework  Good practices  Areas for improvement  Lesson learned

3 Defining equality and diversity with human rights: Context for inspection

4 PROTECT | 4 Defining equality & diversity  Equality and diversity include social and educational inclusion and take equality of opportunity further than equal access to participation. Equality and diversity as a concept and in practice means:  actively promoting positive relationships and respect for human rights  understanding and respecting differences  taking positive actions to tackle unlawful and unfair discrimination, inequality and unfairness  adopting practices that make best use of the differing skills and talents of individuals  focusing on improving outcomes that raise standards and improve lives

5 PROTECT | 5 Inspecting Equality - Learners “My grades soared when I realised I had control over my learning and my life.” Robyn S (Learner) “They (the staff) treat me like I matter and I am doing so much better here because I now know I can learn.” Zarrin (Learner)

6 PROTECT | 6 Inspecting Equality - headlines Currently:  There is a single graded judgement on equality and diversity.  Evidence contributing to the grade is gathered when inspecting the five key outcomes – enjoy and achieve, achieve economic and social well-being, feel safe, be healthy, make a positive contribution.  Evidence is also be drawn from inspection of: - Teaching and learning - Meeting needs and interests of learners - Partnerships, and their impact for learners - Care, guidance and support - Leadership and management  The equality and diversity grade will contribute to and may limit the grade for overall effectiveness.

7 PROTECT | 7 Inspecting Equality - headlines The key question:  How effectively does the provider actively promote equality and diversity, tackle discrimination and narrow the achievement gap? The limiting effect is that equality and diversity will contribute to and may limit the grade for overall effectiveness in the following ways: Where equality and diversity is inadequate:  It is most unlikely that overall effectiveness will be better than satisfactory  Overall effectiveness likely to be inadequate Where equality and diversity is satisfactory:  Most unlikely overall effectiveness will be better than good  Inspectors must be explicit in reporting on the performance and experience of different groups, and the impact of processes on outcomes.

8 PROTECT | 8 Grading – a starting point Satisfactory  The provider is actively promoting equality and diversity and tackling unfair discrimination. The profile of the provider’s staff and governing/supervisory body reflects that of its learner population with regard to race, gender and disability, or strong efforts to achieve this have been made. The provider’s staff and governors or supervisory body monitor the impact of equalities policies and action plans and set relevant targets for improvement. The promotion of equality and diversity is embedded in most aspects of the provider’s work, especially recruitment of learners, teaching, learning and assessment, content of lessons and range of programmes. The provider is improving outcomes for learners by identifying and taking suitable steps to close achievement gaps between different groups. The provider actively encourages employers and external contractors to promote equality and diversity in their operations for learners.

9 PROTECT | 9 What inspectors are looking for (1) In order to make their judgements, inspectors evaluate the extent to which the provider:  manages equality and diversity, particularly disability, gender and race, and actively promotes equality and diversity among staff, learners, employers, parents and other partners of the provider  assesses the impact of its work in relation to equality and diversity and has taken appropriate action in response to its findings  makes sure training in equality and diversity is effective so that leaders, managers, governors or supervisory bodies, staff and learners understand their roles and responsibilities in relation to equality and diversity

10 PROTECT | 10 What inspectors are looking for (2)  makes sure that all learners and staff are protected from harassment, bullying and discrimination, including those based with employers and at other external sites to the provider  manages incidents and complaints specifically about disability, gender and race equality  sets challenging targets and uses data to monitor, analyse and improve engagement and performance by different groups of learners  takes action to reduce any significant variation between different groups of learners in order to maximise their potential.

11 PROTECT | 11 What inspectors are looking for (3) For example: additional learning support. Making judgements about the effectiveness of additional support for learners on mainstream programmes  Inspectors are reminded that the key aspects of the judgement about the effectiveness of additional learning support are the extent to which it enables students to achieve their main goals and to become more independent as learners.  Support plans should show evidence of: - Initial assessment of support/adjustments required. - An agreement with the student about the nature of the support/adjustments. - Evidence of reviews of the effectiveness of support at several points in the year - End of year review identifying progress made over the year. Satisfactory plans will show all of the above. Paragraphs 60 and 61 of Post 16 LLDD report (August 2011) and inspection guidance show good and outstanding practice.

12 Headline Inspection Judgements

13 PROTECT | 13 Equalities performance table 16-18 Gender Notional Level No. of Starts College Rate (%) National Rate (%) % Diff +/- With College With Nation al Total College Level 1 50 0 Level 2 50 40 10 Level 3 50 55 -5 Male Level 1 2550550-5 Level 2 254740-37 Level 3 2555605-5 Female Level 1 25504505 Level 2 253340-17-7 Level 3 25685018

14 PROTECT | 14 Inspecting Equality - Overview Key inspection judgements for all FE providers Sept 09 to May 11 Total: Providers by percentage - Figures are rounded and do not always add exactly to 100 1234 Overall effectiveness944415 Capacity to improve 1943335 Outcomes for learners1041444 Quality of provision1049401 Leadership & management 1544356 Safeguarding1656262 Equality and diversity753382

15 Findings from inspection

16 PROTECT | 16 Equality & Diversity: Reporting Published inspection reports and use of additional learning support.  “Learners with specific learning difficulties and/or disabilities receive good specialist support to help them access learning. Support is gradually withdrawn when it is no longer needed in order to promote independence, and there is sufficient flexibility to re-introduce support where needed” Warrington Collegiate  “The involvement of learners with disabilities in the development of individual support plans is part of the college’s effective process of supporting learners to become more independent” Shipley College  “Additional learning support helps students to achieve their goals and become independent learners” NESCOT  “… a wide range of assistive technology is used well to remove barriers and is increasing students’ independence” Hereward College  “The support that many students receive does not demonstrably lead to their acquiring, over time, increasing autonomy and confidence in how they manage their own learning” Kingston College

17 PROTECT | 17 Some key features of outstanding for equality and diversity?  High success rates for all learner groups  Equality has a strategic prominence and is integral to self assessment and planning.  The values of the provider are clearly articulated and understood and acted on by staff in their daily work.  There is clear and decisive evaluation and monitoring of performance and outcomes of the different ‘groups’ of learners with appropriate action taken.  Well-planned tailoring of the curriculum meets individual learner and local needs, with good referral mechanisms to other providers where provider on own is unable to do this.

18 PROTECT | 18 Some key features of outstanding for equality and diversity?  Bullying, intimidatory behaviour and prejudiced comments are routinely challenged by all staff.  Strong community involvement and effective partnership working enables individual needs of learners to be suitably catered for.  Employers are actively engaged in understanding and promoting the benefits of equality and understanding diversity.  There is frequent and effective staff training resulting in good understanding of what equality and diversity means at all levels.  Equality and diversity is successfully embedded in teaching, training and learning, both in respect of content and planning to meet individual needs (personalisation of learning).

19 PROTECT | 19 Equality & Diversity weaknesses leading to a grade 4  No data collection or analysis of data to inform actions to close the achievement gap  Not enough continuing professional development for staff on equality and diversity  Little or no consideration of under-represented learners compared to local profile  Inadequate identification of and provision for additional learning needs and additional support needs  Insufficient staff training to support additional learning needs  Equality & diversity not reinforced for learners after induction

20 PROTECT | 20 Areas for improvement  Improving planning and delivery in teaching and training, particularly understanding cultural diversity, where it can be covered naturally or logically as and when appropriate.  Ensuring that the structure and content of teaching and training takes full account of the different stages of learners consistently and widely across all areas.  Impact of successful role modelling and models, particularly relating to equality and diversity.  Limited information on extent or effectiveness of training for governors in relation to equality and diversity

21 PROTECT | 21 Survey work and equality (1) Equality themes are also inspected through the survey reports. Information and findings are used to support further development of Ofsted’s work in inspection, training and surveys. For example: Twelve outstanding providers of work-based learning (July 2010) Transition through detention and custody (May 2010) Moving through the system – information, advice and guidance (March 2010) Equalities in action (March 2010) Reducing the numbers of young people not in education, employment or training: what works and why (March 2010) The special educational needs and disability review. A statement is not enough (Sept 2010) Removing barriers to literacy (Jan 2011)

22 PROTECT | 22 Survey work and equality (2) Children on rights and responsibilities – A report of children’s views by the Children’s Rights Director for England (March 2009) Learning together How education providers promote social responsibility and community cohesion (Feb 2010) Tackling the challenge of low numeracy skills in young people and adults (April 2011) Girls’ career aspirations (April 2011) Progression post-16 for learners with learning difficulties and/or disabilities (August 2011) Ofsted Good Practice – Sharing good practice (March 2011) For example: - PE used effectively to improve prisoners’ literacy skills (April 2011) - Outstanding promotion of equality and diversity through the visual arts (April 2011)

23 PROTECT | 23 What next? Revised framework from Sept 2012 Equality integrated into in revised framework Greater focus on teaching, learning and assessment Public consultation from 1 September 2011 to 24 November 2011 Link Common Inspection Framework 2012 Consultation document – proposals for revised inspection arrangements for further education and skills providers from September 2012. Published: September 2011 Reference no: 110070

24 Thank you

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