Presentation on theme: "KNES 510 Research Methods in Kinesiology"— Presentation transcript:
1 KNES 510 Research Methods in Kinesiology Qualitative ResearchKNES 510Research Methods in Kinesiology
2 Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research Qualitative research originated in the disciplines of anthropology and sociologyOther terms include: ethnographic, cultural studies, interpretive, grounded, subjective, constructivist paradigm, naturalistic inquiry, phenomenological inquiry, postmodernism, postpositivism approach, post structuralismThere are many types of qualitative research!
3 Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research, cont’d Quantitative research – design and variables are defined before data are collectedQualitative research – design and variables are flexible
4 Some Characteristics of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Research componentQualitative researchQuantitative experimentFocusNature, essenceHow much, how manySamplePurposive, smallLarge, random, representativeData gatheringResearcher is primary instrumentObjective instrumentationMode of analysisInductiveDeductive
5 Procedures in Qualitative Research Define the problemFormulate questions and theoretical frameworkCollect data:Training and pilot workSelection of participantsEntering the setting
6 Major Methods of Collecting Data InterviewsIndividual/groupFormal/informalFormal interviews generally use a pilot tested protocolFocus groupsObservationUse of field notes
7 Data Analysis Data analysis is done during AND after data collection This allows the study to change shape as data collection proceedsInterpretation of the data may include an analytical narrative and narrative vignetteIt may also include some elements of a quantitative analysis
8 Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research Overall quality of resultsCan be further broken down to two questionsIs it ethically conducted?Is the study competently conducted?
9 Four Issues—Is the Research Competently Conducted? Credibility—accurate description of the subjects and settingTransferability—would the results be useful to those in other settings or conducting research in similar settings?Dependability—how well the researcher dealt with changeConfirmability—could another individual confirm the results
10 Ways Researchers Provide Evidence of Trustworthiness Prolonged engagement with the participants and settingAudit trail of changes during the studyProviding a thick description of setting and context
11 Ways Researchers Provide Evidence of Trustworthiness, cont’d Clarification of researcher biasis important since the researcher is the instrumentoften is discussed in method section of thesis or research reportcan’t control everything, but understanding bias and working to control it can help readers place faith in the results and conclusions
12 Ways Researchers Provide Evidence of Trustworthiness, cont’d Triangulation of sources to support conclusionsNegative case checking to see if phenomenon is as pervasive as thoughtMember checking to see if participants have information to add and agree with conclusionsPeer debriefing to have colleague challenge results and researcher provide support