Presentation on theme: "ASEAN Environmental Challenge – Climate Change Glynda Bathan-Baterina Deputy Executive Director The Third ASEAN Chief Justices Roundtable on Environment."— Presentation transcript:
ASEAN Environmental Challenge – Climate Change Glynda Bathan-Baterina Deputy Executive Director The Third ASEAN Chief Justices Roundtable on Environment “ASEAN’s Environmental Challenges and Legal Responses” 15-18 November 2013 Bangkok, Thailand
● Heat trapping air pollutants, most notably carbon dioxide, are changing the Earth’s climate. ● The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increased by 40% since the start of the industrial era due to emissions from burning coal, oil, and natural gas. ● Temperatures have risen around the world as a result. Source: Natural Resources Defense Council, 2013
Southeast Asia’s 563 million people are concentrated along coastlines leaving it exposed to rising sea levels Heavy reliance on agriculture for livelihood makes SEA vulnerable to droughts, floods, tropical cyclones associated with warming Southeast Asia’s 563 million people are concentrated along coastlines leaving it exposed to rising sea levels Heavy reliance on agriculture for livelihood makes SEA vulnerable to droughts, floods, tropical cyclones associated with warming Source: ADB, 2009 Source: ABN, 2013
Heat waves, droughts, floods and tropical cyclones have been more intense and frequent causing damage to property and human life. Recorded floods/storms have risen dramatically, particularly in the Philippines, rising from just under 20 in 1960- 1969 to nearly 120 by 2000-2008 Source: ADB, 2009 Source: ABN, 2013
Economic Impacts of Climate Change in SEA ● Rice yield potential to decline by up to 50% on average by Year 2100 compared to 1990 ● Forests could be replaced by tropical savanna and shrub with low or no carbon sequestration potential ● Potential economic cost of inaction would be 6.7% per year of the combined GDP of Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam by 2100 Source: ADB, 2009
Legal issues and questions ● What is the current science and economics behind climate change? ● Is the existing law applied effectively to the problem of climate change? ● How are cases related to climate change justiciable if at all? ● Do the courts have any role in relation to climate change, or will they only be adjudicating at earlier stages?
China. India. Indonesia. Nepal. Pakistan. Philippines. Sri Lanka. Vietnam firstname.lastname@example.org Unit 3505 Robinsons Equitable Tower ADB Avenue, Pasig City Metro Manila 1605 Philippines Clean Air Asia Center email@example.com 901A Reignwood Building, No. 8 YongAnDongLi Jianguomenwai Avenue Beijing China Clean Air Asia China Office firstname.lastname@example.org 1st Floor, Building No. 4 Thyagraj Nagar Market, Lodhi Colony New Delhi 110003 India Clean Air Asia India Office Clean Air Asia Country Networks 9 Clean Air Asia Center Members Asia Clean Fuels Association Corning Shell 240 Clean Air Asia Partnership Members Cities Environment ministries and government agencies Development agencies and foundations Non-government organizations Academic and research institutions Private sector companies and associations Donors in 2012 to 2013 Asian Development Bank Cities Development Initiative for Asia ClimateWorks Foundation DHL/IKEA/UPS Energy Foundation Fredskorpset Norway Fu Tak Iam Foundation German International Cooperation (GIZ) Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Institute for Transport Policy Studies Institute for Transportation and Development Policy International Union for Conservation of Nature L'Agence Française de Développement (AFD) MAHA Pilipinas Shell Rockefeller Brothers Fund Shakti Foundation Shell Foundation United Nations Environment Program Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (UNEP PCFV) USAID CEnergy Veolia World Bank For more information: www.cleanairasia.org