2 Syntactic Categories That glass suddenly broke. A jogger ran toward the end of the lane.These dead trees might block the road.The detective quickly looked through the records.The peaches appear quite ripe.Jack will play the trumpet and the drums in the orchestra.
18 The glass brokeSNP Aux VPDet N past Vthe glass broke
19 Syntactic Trees The pretty girl ate the sandwich quickly. This house is full of love.She is working in the park.The cat and the dog are enemies.I saw Peter or Paul in the mall.
20 Ambiguous sentences (Structural ambiguity) I shot an elephant in underwear.The cat chased the dog in the park.He saw the robber with a binocular.
21 Types of Verbs Intransitive verbs: do not take an NP e.g., I sleep Transitive: take an NP (object)e.g., I met her in the mall.Ditransitive: take 2 NPs (or 1 NP and 1 PP)e.g., I gave my wife a gift.Linking: describes the subject.e.g., You look marvelous; She became a doctor; I feel dizzy; I am fineVerbs with sentential complements: followed by a whole sentence.e.g., The ancients believed (that) the earth was flat.
22 What kind of verb? He is very boring. I like vegetables and fruits. I saw my friend yesterday.I sold my car to my boss.She told me the truth.I feel bad.I think that you should go to the party.Peter gave Mark the cheese.Paul realized that Maria fed the baby.Carlos wonders if Peter is afraid of him.Peter gave the cheese to Mark.
23 Embedded sentencesI think that you should go to the party.
24 Embedded sentencesPaul realized that Maria fed the baby.
25 Rules S NP Aux VP NP (Det) (AP) N (PP) VP V (NP) (PP) (Adv) (CP) PP P NPAP Adj (PP)CP Comp S