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Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 25: Electric Currents & Resistance (in the book by Giancoli). Chapter 27 in our book.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. The Electric Battery Electric Current Ohm’s “Law”: Resistance & Resistors. Resistivity Electric Power & Power in Household Circuits Alternating Current Microscopic View of Electric Current: Current Density & Drift Velocity Superconductivity?? Electrical Conduction in the Nervous System?? Chapter Outline
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. In 1801, Alessandro Volta discovered that electricity could be created if dissimilar metals were connected by a conductive solution called an electrolyte. This is a simple Electric Cell. The Electric Battery Volta’s Original Electric Cell A modern Electric Cell
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta Alessandro Volta February 18, 1745 - March 5, 1827 Alessandro Volta (1745 – 1827). Italian physicist Known for his pioneering work in electricity. Volta was born in Como & educated in the public schools there. By 1800, he had developed the so- called voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery, which produced a steady stream of electricity. For his work in electricity, the SI electrical unit known as the volt was named in his honor. Also to honor him for this work, Napoleon made him a Count in 1801. Volta demonstrating his battery to Emperor Napoleon
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Luigi Galvani Sept. 9, 1737 – Dec. 4, 1798 Luigi Galvani, Italian physiologist/anatomist/biologist Considered a founder of the elecrochemistry field. Probably should be called a founder of biophysics also. Educated & taught anatomy in Bologna. He made an early discovery that advanced the study of electricity. His work with frogs led to his discovery in 1781 of galvanic or voltaic electricity. He found he could make the muscles of a dead frog twitch when he touched them with different metals or the current from a nearby electric generator. He incorrectly thought fluid in the frog's body was the electric source. Later, Alessandro Volta proved that the source of the electricity was a reaction caused by the animal's body fluids being touched by two different types of metal. Galvani performing his experiments on frog legs!
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Through chemical reactions, a battery transforms it’s internal chemical energy into Electrical Energy. The chemical reactions within the cell create a Potential Difference between the terminals by slowly dissolving them. This potential difference can be maintained even if a current is kept flowing, until one or the other terminal is completely dissolved. Technically, several cells connected together make a battery. But, modern usage is to refer to a single cell as a battery also. A common household battery
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Electric current is the rate of flow of charge through a conductor: SI unit of electric current: the Ampere, A: 1 A = 1 C/s. The instantaneous current is given by: Electric Current
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. André-Marie Ampère André-Marie Ampère, Jan. 22, 1775 - June 10, 1836 French physicist. Considered the founder of electromagnetism. A prodigy who mastered the entire known field of mathematics by age 12! (?) Professor of physics, chemistry, & mathematics. Formulated a law of electromagnetism, called Ampère's law, that describes the magnetic force between two electric currents. An instrument he devised to measure the flow of electricity was later refined as the galvanometer. His chief published work was Memoir on the Mathematical Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomena (1827). The SI Unit of electric current, the ampere (A) was named for him.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. A complete circuit is one where current can flow all the way around. Note that the schematic drawing doesn’t look much like the physical circuit!
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Example: Current is flow of charge. A steady current of 2.5 A exists in a wire for 4.0 min. (a) Calculate the total charge which passes by a given point in the circuit during those 4.0 min. (b) How many electrons would this be? or ΔQ = IΔt
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Conceptual Example How to connect a battery. What is wrong with each of the schemes shown for lighting a flashlight bulb with a flashlight battery and a single wire?
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. By convention, current is DEFINED as flowing from + to -. Electrons actually flow in the opposite direction, but not all currents consist of electrons.
Science - June Holiday Project 2012 Introduction of a scientist which made an impact in the area electricity Pair work by:
Section 3. Chemical energy is the energy stored in chemical compounds In the 1780s, Luigi Galvani was studying the anatomy of a frog. He was using.
Electric currents Chapter 18. Electric Battery Made of two or more plates or rods called electrodes. – Electrodes are made of dissimilar metals Electrodes.
Chapter 10.3 Announcements: - Remember: Homework 9.2 is due Thursday, April 1, in class Homework 10.3: due Tuesday, April 6, in class (Jillian Bjerke)
Electric Currents and Resistance
Jaclyn Mouras, Brianna Griffin, Amanda Bloom, and Billy McGuire.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Admin: No discussion sections this week. Register for MasteringPhysics Course ID: MPHOLDER67874.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors in teaching their.
Chapter 25 Electric Currents and Resistance
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley Electricity Physics 102 Goderya Chapter(s): 22 and 23 Learning Outcomes:
© 2005 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors in teaching their.
L 26 Electricity and Magnetism  Electric circuits what conducts electricity what doesn’t conduct electricity Current voltage and resistance Ohm’s Law.
Chapter 18 Electric Currents.
Unit 3 Day 1: Voltage, Current, Resistance & Ohm’s Law Batteries Electric Current Conventional Current Resistance Resistors Energy Dissipated in a Resistor.
Telecommunication Pioneers Day 3. Benjamin Franklin b 1747 Leydn jar was the first capacitor b 1752 discovers that electricity has a positive and a negative.
Stephen Gray (December 1666 – 7 February 1736)
Chapter 7 Sound Recording and Reproduction 1Electric Circuits 2AC and DC 3Alternating current and voltage 4Electric Current 5Resistance 6Voltage 7Ohm’s.
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