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Nobodys Unpredictable April 2010 Survey on incest survivors : impact of incest experiences on health and daily life.

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Presentation on theme: "Nobodys Unpredictable April 2010 Survey on incest survivors : impact of incest experiences on health and daily life."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nobodys Unpredictable April 2010 Survey on incest survivors : impact of incest experiences on health and daily life

2 Nobodys Unpredictable Results of the survey

3 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 3 Methods Survey led for: AIVI, the International Association of Incest Survivors Sample : 946 individuals from the general population that pictures French population from 15 years to older 341 adult survivors of incest Date of the survey : Survey on the general population : From 12th to 13 th March 2010. Survey on incest survivors : From 26 th February to 25th March 2010 Methodology : Survey on the general population : individuals were interviewed over the phone by IPSOS. The sample of the general population was selected according the methodology of quotas by gender, profession of family head, grade of urban centres and area. Survey on incest survivors, members of AIVI who filled up a self-reported questionnaire on the website of IPSOS

4 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 4 Incest survivors suffer from multiple disorders with a more important ratio than from the general French population Question : For each of the following situation would you please answer if… Regurlary feeling very depressed, being down in the dumps Being really afraid of others or afraid of saying no Regurlarly feeling irritable or having outburst of anger Regularly experiencing suicidal ideas or suicidal impulses Are you regularly troubles by chronic pains (backpain, migraines) Being jumpy or being startled at something unexpected Experiencing or having experienced % 98 93 92 86 85 83 56 29 53 14 56 34 No answerThis is a situation that you experienced but this is over You never experienced such a situationThis is a situation that you are experiencing Incest survivors General French population Experiencing or having experiencesd % Sample : General population (946 respondents ) Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents)

5 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 5 Question : For each of the following question would you please … 76 64 55 30 27 20 9 12 44 17 9 19 No answerThis is a situation that you experienced but this is over. You never experienced such a situationThis is a situation that you are experiencing Suffering from compulsive eating disorders (anorexia, boulimia…) Being really afraid to have children because of the fear one might become a « bad » parent Smoking on average more than ten cigarettes a day Drinking on average more than 3 glasses of alcohol a day (including over the week-end ) Using street drugs at least once per week (cannabis, cocaïne, héroïne…) Suffering with severe diseases (cancer, cardiac disorders, diabetes...) Experiencing or having experienced % Experiencing or having experienced % Sample : General population (946 respondents ) Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents Victims of incest General French population Incest survivors suffer from multiple disorders with more important ratio than from general French population (next)

6 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 6 Trauma which have severe consequences on daily life of incest survivors Question : And for each of the following questions would you say… Upsetting thoughts or memories about the event against your will Regular difficulties of failing or staying asleep Upsetting dreams about the event Being under the care of psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, psychotherapist or psychologist more than six months Unable being sexually active even if wishing Difficulty concentrating or practicising your professional work Self-harming regularly (cuts, burns, scratches, etc) Being prostituated Experiencing Or having Experienced % No answersThis is a situation that you experienced but this is over You never experienced such a situationThis is a situation that you are experiencing 94 90 86 84 77 68 41 12 Sample : Incest survivors 341 respondents)

7 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 7 Incest survivors undervalue the quality of their daily life: on family, loving and professional issues. Question : On a scale from 1 to 10, 1 meaning that you estimate that your life is not satisfying at all and 10 that you are fully satisfied (intermediate mark meaning to vary your judgement ), what mark would you give to 5 2-4 6to 7 18 to 10 Your loving life Your professional life Your family life Sample : Incest survivors – People concerned by each of this situation 4,9 5,4 Average

8 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 8 Most of incest survivors have already attempted suicide Question : Have you ever attempted suicide? Yes, several timesYes, once None Sample : Incest survivors (341 responses) Yes 53%

9 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 9 About nine survivors over ten are experiencing or experienced guilt Question : Are you feeling guilty from this event ? Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents) Yesi 88% Yes, but not any more Yes, still ongoingNone

10 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 10 Suvivors wait an average of 16 years delay until a spontaneous disclosure of incest Question : How long after the facts did you disclose incest experiences to someone ? Less than one year 1 to 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 to 19 years 20 to 25 years More than 25 years Do not reply S/T Less than 10 years 35% S/T 10 years and more 64% Sample: Incest survivors (341 respondents) = 16 years Average

11 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 11 A friend / an acquaintance Your partner / your previous partner) Your father / your mother Your physician Another health professional A brother / a sister Another member of the family Most of the survivors disclosed out of the family circle Question : To whom did you disclose the first time the incest experiences ? A psychotherapist / psychiatrist / psychoanalyst / psychologist A teacher / an educator A member of charity Your children A social worker A priest To the police / To the police constable S/T Un professionnel 31% Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents) 28% S/T Family

12 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 12 In most of the cases, incest survivors initiate a first disclosure Question : When you disclose for the first time, it was… No reply After replying to a question that was asked to you on this issue From your initiative Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents)

13 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 13 Question : And since you have disclosed for the first time, did you speak out again your experiences with other persons? Yes, only oneYes, several No S/T Yes 97% Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents) After the first disclosure, most of the survivors speak out again their experiences with other persons

14 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 14 Facing the disclosure, several people adopt avoidance behaviors Question : When you were disclosing incest experiences for the first time, the one to whom you spoke… Spontaneously spoke about it with you later Showed embarrassment and prefered to avoid the talk or to change of subject Asked you or adviced you to keep silent Guided you towards specialist advices in order to lodge a complaint Was in doubt with your statement or accused you to lie Reported to the judicial authorities No Yes Do not reply Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents)

15 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 15 Most of the survivors never spoke about the subject with their perpetrators Question : Did you talk with your perpetrator about what happened ? Yes, onceYes, several times No S/T Yes 44% Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents)

16 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 16 Sample : Incest survivors who have again spoken to other persons (330 répondants) A disclosure that has finally reached the family circle Question : Who are the persons to whom you have again spoken out ? – Open question, spontaneous replies. I have spoken freely/ without any taboo / I speak with a lot of people The justice / a lawyer The police / The police constablee A social worker Others incest survivors A teacher / an educator On a forum website The perpetrator In a group therapy Another health professional To media / I have written a book A priest No reply A friend / an acquaintance Your partner / Your previous partner A psychotherapist / psychiatrist / psychoanalyst / psychologist Your father / your mother A brother, a sister The family circle Another member of the family A physician Your children A member of a supportive charity from AIVI Colleagues Total > 100, several replies are possible 77% S/T Family

17 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 17 In one case over two, the perpetrator denied the facts and in one case over three, he threatened the survivor if she/he would disclose Question : Your perpetrator… Sample : Survivors who spoke to their perpetrators (151 respondents) No Yes No reply Acknowledged the facts Has threatened you if you disclosed the facts to others Has apologized to you Has had remorses

18 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 18 Nearly three quater of survivors did not lodge a complaint Question : Did you lodge a complaint against your perpetrator ? No Yes Sample : Incest survivors (341 respondents)

19 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 19 The delay of reporting and the family pressure may probably explain why there was not always a trial Question : Did you get a trial ? Sample : Incest survivors who lodged a complaint against their perpetrator (103 respondents) Yes, but your perpetrator has not been convicted Yes and your perpetrator has been convicted No Do not answer S/T Yes 43%

20 Ipsos/AIVI : Etat des lieux de la situation des personnes victimes dinceste – vécu, état de santé et impact sur la vie quotidienne © 2008 Ipsos 20 Question : Why did you not lodge a complaint ? Sample : Survivors who did not lodge a complaint (238 respondents) Total > 100, several replies are possible The facts were barred by the statute of limitations You did not feel able to face a trial You have been afraid to be rejected by your family Your perpetrator died Your were afraid not to be believed/ not to win the trial (fear to be dismissed/ lack of evidence/ memories too uncertain / unfair trial/...) You were in denial/ amnesia/ in shame You were afraid to destroy your family/ to do wrong towards to the family circle You were frightened by your perpetrator You did not believe that a trial may help (In order to restore/ Not need/ The perpetrator paid in another way/ He prefered to apologize...) You were too young/ still under 18 years) Others (the perpetrator got a cerebral vascular accident/ too many perpetrators ) The mean reasons which explain why the survivors do not lodge a complaint : the delay of prescription, the fear and the family pressure


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