# 3.6: Mirrors & Lenses 12/15/14. Part 1: Mirrors A.Light is necessary for eyes to see 1.Light waves spread in all directions from a light. 2.The brain.

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3.6: Mirrors & Lenses 12/15/14

Part 1: Mirrors A.Light is necessary for eyes to see 1.Light waves spread in all directions from a light. 2.The brain interprets light waves as traveling in a straight line. B. Plane mirror —flat, smooth mirror 1.Light strikes an object and is reflected off the object to the mirror and then back to the object. 2. Virtual image —no light waves pass through the image

C. Concave mirror —mirror surface is curved inward 1. Optical axis —imaginary straight line drawn perpendicular to the center of the mirror’s surface 2. Focal point —point on the optical axis through which parallel light rays are reflected 3.Distance from the mirror center to the focal point is the focal length. 4. Real images —light rays converge to form the image 5.If an object is at the focal point, a concave mirror reflects light rays in a beam. 6.An object farther from the concave mirror than the focal point forms a real, enlarged, and inverted image.

7.An object between the focal point and the concave mirror forms a virtual, upright, and enlarged image. D. Convex mirror —mirror is curved outward 1.Light rays diverge when they are reflected. 2.Images are virtual, upright, and smaller than the actual object. mirror typeexample images produced by light rays ___ the image formed is ___ under these conditions: CONCAVE inside of spoon (curved inward) converging real, enlarged, and inverted when the image is farther from the mirror than the focal point virtual, upright, and enlarged when the image is between the focal point and the mirror CONVEX security camera mirror (curved outward) diverging virtual, upright, and smaller always

1.Light rays diverge when they are reflected. 2.Images are virtual, upright, and smaller than the actual object. mirror typeexample images produced by light rays ___ the image formed is ___ under these conditions: CONCAVE inside of spoon (curved inward) converging real, enlarged, and inverted when the image is farther from the mirror than the focal point virtual, upright, and enlarged when the image is between the focal point and the mirror CONVEX security camera mirror (curved outward) diverging virtual, upright, and smaller always

Part 2: Lenses A.Lens—transparent material with a curved surface that refracts light rays B. Convex lens —thicker in the middle than at the edges 1.When an object is more than two focal lengths from the lens, its image is real, reduced, and inverted. 2.When an object is between one and two focal lengths from the lens, its image is real, enlarged, and inverted. 3.When an object is less than one focal length from the lens, its image is virtual, enlarged, and upright.

1.When an object is more than two focal lengths from the lens, its image is real, reduced, and inverted. 2.When an object is between one and two focal lengths from the lens, its image is real, enlarged, and inverted. 3.When an object is less than one focal length from the lens, its image is virtual, enlarged, and upright. 1. 2. 3.

C. Concave lens —thinner in the middle and thicker at the edges; forms a virtual, upright, reduced image D.Lenses in eyeglasses can help the eyes focus on objects. 1. Cornea —transparent covering on eyeball 2. Retina —inner lining of the eye that converts light into electrical signals that the brain interprets as images 3.The lens in the eye changes shape to focus on near and far objects.

E.Vision problems occur when lenses do not focus images properly. 1.Farsighted people’s lenses do not curve enough to form an image of close objects; convex lenses converge incoming light rays before they enter the eye. 2.Astigmatism occurs when the cornea’s surface is unevenly curved; corrective lenses can cancel out the effects of the unevenness.

3.Nearsighted people’s lenses do not flatten enough to form an image of distant objects; concave lenses can spread out incoming light rays before they enter the eye.

lens typeexample images produced by light rays ___ the image formed is ___ under these conditions: CONCAVE glasses for nearsightedness (curved inward) converging virtual, upright, and smaller always CONVEX glasses for farsightedness (curved outward) diverging real, inverted, and smaller when object is located beyond 2 focal points from the lens real, inverted, and larger when object is located between 1 and 2 focal points from the lens virtual, upright, and larger when object is located within 1 focal point from the lens

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