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Sir Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists and mathematicians that ever lived. He was born in England on December 25, He was born the same year that Galileo died. He lived for 85 years. Isaac Newton was raised by his grandmother. He attended Free Grammar School and then went on to Trinity College Cambridge. Newton worked his way through college. While at college he became interested in math, physics, and astronomy. Newton received both a bachelors and masters degree. While Newton was in college he was writing his ideas in a journal. Newton had new ideas about motion, which he called his three laws of motion. He also had ideas about gravity, the diffraction of light, and forces. Newton's ideas were so good that Queen Anne knighted him in His accomplishments laid the foundations for modern science and revolutionized the world. Sir Isaac Newton died in 1727. In this lesson you will develop an understanding of each of Newton's Three Laws of Motion. First Law of Motion

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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What does this mean? This means that there is a natural tendency of objects to keep on doing what they're doing. All objects resist changes in their state of motion. In the absence of an unbalanced force, an object in motion will maintain this state of motion.

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**Let's study the "skater" to understand this a little better.**

What is the motion in this picture? What is the unbalanced force in this picture? What happened to the skater in this picture?

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**This law is the same reason why you should always wear your seatbelt.**

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**Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass**

Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force needed (to accelerate the object). What does this mean? Everyone unconsciously knows the Second Law. Everyone knows that heavier objects require more force to move the same distance as lighter objects.

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However, the Second Law gives us an exact relationship between force, mass, and acceleration. It can be expressed as a mathematical equation: or FORCE = MASS times ACCELERATION

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**This is an example of how Newton's Second Law works:**

Mike's car, which weighs 1,000 kg, is out of gas. Mike is trying to push the car to a gas station, and he makes the car go 0.05 m/s/s. Using Newton's Second Law, you can compute how much force Mike is applying to the car. Answer = 50 newtons

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**For every action there is an equal and opposite re-action.**

What does this mean? This means that for every force there is a reaction force that is equal in size, but opposite in direction. That is to say that whenever an object pushes another object it gets pushed back in the opposite direction equally hard

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**Let's study how a rocket works to understand Newton's Third Law.**

The rocket's action is to push down on the ground with the force of its powerful engines, and the reaction is that the ground pushes the rocket upwards with an equal force.

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**You have just learned about Newton's Three Laws of Motion.**

UP, UP, and AWAY! You have just learned about Newton's Three Laws of Motion.

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**A magician pulls a tablecloth out from under dishes and glasses on a table without disturbing them.**

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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**A person’s body is thrown outward as a car rounds a curve on a highway.**

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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Rockets are launched into space using jet propulsion where exhaust accelerates out from the rocket and the rocket accelerates in an opposite direction.

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**For every action there is an equal and opposite re-action.**

What does this mean? This means that for every force there is a reaction force that is equal in size, but opposite in direction. That is to say that whenever an object pushes another object it gets pushed back in the opposite direction equally hard

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**A picture is hanging on a wall and does not move.**

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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A person not wearing a seatbelt flies through a car window when someone slams on the breaks because the person’s body wants to remain in continuous motion even when the car stops.

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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Pushing a child on a swing is easier than pushing an adult on the same swing, because the adult has more inertia.

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**Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass**

Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force needed (to accelerate the object). What does this mean? Everyone unconsciously knows the Second Law. Everyone knows that heavier objects require more force to move the same distance as lighter objects.

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**A soccer ball accelerates more than a bowling ball when thrown with the same force.**

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**Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass**

Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force needed (to accelerate the object). What does this mean? Everyone unconsciously knows the Second Law. Everyone knows that heavier objects require more force to move the same distance as lighter objects.

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**A soccer player kicks a ball with their foot and their toes are left stinging.**

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**Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass**

Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force needed (to accelerate the object). What does this mean? Everyone unconsciously knows the Second Law. Everyone knows that heavier objects require more force to move the same distance as lighter objects.

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A student leaves a pencil on a desk and the pencil stays in the same spot until another student picks it up.

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**This law is often called "the law of inertia".**

According to Newton's first law... An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".

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**Two students are in a baseball game**

Two students are in a baseball game. The first student hits a ball very hard and it has a greater acceleration than the second student who bunts the ball lightly.

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**Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass**

Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force needed (to accelerate the object). What does this mean? Everyone unconsciously knows the Second Law. Everyone knows that heavier objects require more force to move the same distance as lighter objects.

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1. Who was the scientist who gave us the Laws of Motion? 2. How many Laws of Motion are there? 3. What is another name for the first law of motion? 4. Which law explains why we need to wear seatbelts? 5. Which law says that force is equal to mass times acceleration (F=MA)? 6. Which law says that heavier objects require more force than lighter objects to move or accelerate them? 7. Which law explains how rockets are launched into space? 8. Which law says that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction?

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**1. Who was the scientist who gave us the Laws of Motion?**

Answer: Sir Isaac Newton 2. How many Laws of Motion are there? Answer: three 3. What is another name for the first law of motion? Answer: Law of Inertia 4. Which law explains why we need to wear seat belts? Answer: First Law of Motion 5. Which law says that force is equal to mass times acceleration (F=MA)? Answer: Second Law of Motion 6. Which law says that heavier objects require more force than lighter objects to move or accelerate them? Answer: Second Law of Motion 7. Which law explains how rockets are launched into space? Answer: Third Law of Motion 8. Which law says that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction? Answer: Third Law of Motion

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