Presentation on theme: "El 24 de septiembre (September 24) Do Now: 1. Complete and then translate the following sentence: Hoy es _________ y mañana es _____________. 2. Write."— Presentation transcript:
El 24 de septiembre (September 24) Do Now: 1. Complete and then translate the following sentence: Hoy es _________ y mañana es _____________. 2. Write the date in Spanish (English is: 9/24/09). Objectives: 1. I can understand simple classroom commands and vocabulary. 2. I can ask “may I/can I?” SPANISH 2 ONLY: 3. I can recognize the basic grammatical function of conjugation 4. I can identify the 6 general subjects in Spanish
Classroom Phrases ¿Puedo…?: May I/Can I…? …ir al baño: go to the bathroom? …ir a la oficina: go to the office? Tengo: I have… Una pregunta: a question Una respuesta: an answer Escribir: to write Leer: to read Escuchar: to listen Eschuchen: Listen! (command) Hablar: to speak/talk ¿Cómo se dice?: How do you say…? Levanten la mano: Raise your hand. Repitan: Repeat. Siéntense: Sit down. Miren el pizzarón: Look at the board. Pásenme la tarea: Pass in your work. Escriban…: Write (command) …los apuntes: Notes Por favor: Please Gracias: Thank you De nada: Your welcome Lo siento: I’m sorry Bien: Good
3.14% of pirates are Pi Rates. Arrrrrg, me maties. I think we’ve stumbled upon some comedy gold!
“Hay que” Hay que… is an expression that means: It is necessary to…OR One must… We use it generally – so not for specific people. Example: It is necessary to attend class to get a passing grade. (We’re talking about something that’s generally required) NOT an example: Carolina must attend class to get a passing grade.
Using “hay que” with verbs. The Spanish verb for “to read” is leer (lay- air). So, to say “It is necessary to read” or “One must read,” we say: Hay que leer. It is necessary to read. Now, using your vocab. sheet, write “It is necessary to speak.”
Quick Practice Carlos’ little brother is about to start going to school. Since it’s his first year, he asks Carlos what students need to do in school. Pretend you are Carlos and write down four things students must do in school:
Spanish 1 C-Levels (due MON.) Spanish 1, Unit 2 C-Level Activities for Week 4 TWO due by MONDAY, Sept. 28th 1.Make flashcards for each of the words/phrases on the Vocabulary 1 (for Unit 2) list. The flashcards should have the Spanish word on one side and either a picture or the English translation on the other. 2.Make vocabulary “playing cards” (like flashcards, but with just the Spanish word on one side and nothing on the other). Play Memory, Ve a Pescar (Go Fish) or another game you can think of (check with Ms. Hetrick first). 3.Complete a Puzzle Packet.
Say What? Bay Area baby born with 12 fingers and toes.
Warm Up Questions What is a verb? What is verb conjugation?
Conjugation English, Part 1: We always attach a subject (a person) to every verb we use. This is how we know who is doing what. Example: The girls swim in the afternoons. The girls are the who Swim is the what A sentence that said “Swim in the afternoons” wouldn’t make any sense. It would sound like an order, rather than a statement.
Conjugation, pg. 2 English, Part 2: Verb conjugations do not follow a reliable pattern. A verb by itself doesn’t typically tell us who is doing it. That’s why we always have a subject! Example: Swim (in the afternoons) doesn’t give us a clue as to who is swimming. We can’t guess, because “swim” is used for different subjects: I swim You swim They swim We swim He swims / she swims is the exception. How?
English vs. Spanish In Spanish, each verb can tell us both what AND who. This means that each verb changes a lot more than it would in English. I swim Nado You swim Nadas We swim Nada They swim Nadan
Conjugation Rules There are (roughly) 6 general subjects (more on this later). There are two parts to every verb: the root or stem and the ending (the last two letters). When we conjugate verbs: The STEM stays the same The ENDING changes The ending changes from its original to one of six different endings (one for each general subject)
The Spanish Subjects Yo (I)Nosotros (We) Nosotras (We – female) Tu (You – familiar) Vosotros(You – plural – familiar) Vosotras (You – plural – familiar – female) Usted (You – formal) Él (He) Ella (She) Ustedes (You – plural) Ellos (They) Ellas (They – female)
Matching Subjects with Names Él: Mario, James, Mr. Clarke Ella: Maria, Rihanna, Ms. Jarrett Nosotros: My friends and I; Ricardo, Maria, and I Nosotras: My (girl)friends and I; Maria, Rihanna, and I Ellos: James and Mario; James and Maria Ellas: Maria and Rihanna Ustedes: (used when talking directly to an “Ellos” or “Ellas”