Presentation on theme: "“They Say / I Say” The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing"— Presentation transcript:
1 “They Say / I Say” The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing Insights and Templates from the book by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein
2 Practice and Basic Moves Think about an activity that you do particularly wellPlaying a sport (basketball, football, field hockey, tennis)Playing an instrument (piano, guitar, flute)Artwork (drawing, painting, ceramics)Everyday activities (driving a car, brushing teeth, tying shoes)
3 Practice and Basic Moves Performing this activity depends on:Having learned a series of complicated movesPractice and repetitionSame applies to writing:Accomplished writers rely on established moves for communicating sophisticated ideas.
4 Entering the Conversation Best Academic WritingDeeply engages in some way with other people’s views“write the voices of others into your text”You enter a conversation, using what others say (or might say) as a launching pad or sounding board for your own ideas.
5 Entering the Conversation In the real world we make arguments because someone has said or done something (or perhaps not said or done something) and we need to respondEx.“I can’t see why you like the Lakers so much.”“I agree: it was a great film.”“That argument is contradictory.”
6 Entering the Conversation Without other people’s opinions there would be no reason to challenge, agree with, or otherwise respond–there would be no reason to argue at all.
7 Entering the Conversation To make an impact as a writer you make statements that are:LogicalWell-supportedConsistent*ALSO, you must find a way to enter a conversation with others’ views–with something “they say”
8 Entering the Conversation If your argument doesn’t identify the “they say” you are responding to, then it probably won’t make sense:What you are saying may be clear to the audience, but why you are saying it won’t beExample: “The characters in The Sopranos are very complex.”
9 Entering the Conversation Your own argument–the “I say” moment of your text–should always be a response to the arguments of others.Ex.“Some say that The Sopranos presents caricatures of Italian Americans. In fact, however, the characters in the series are very complex.”
10 Entering the Conversation Templates for agreement:She argues______, and I agree because_____.Her argument that ______ is supported by new research showing that _______.
11 Entering the Conversation Template for disagreeing:While she argues ______, I disagree because_______.The argument he proposes, while persuasive, is inaccurate because______.
12 Entering the Conversation Template for conceding and rebutting:He claims that _______, and I have mixed feelings about it. On the one hand, I agree that ______. On the other hand, I still insist that_______.Although I grant that ____, I still maintain that _____.
13 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question Paraphrase: “translates a short passage from a source into the writer’s own words” (372 Writing Arguments).
14 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question When to paraphrase:When wanting to use specific information from a brief passage in the sourceWhen you do not want to interfere with the flow of your own writing by inserting a quote*Be sure to avoid original writer’s grammatical structure and syntax.
15 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question What to remember when paraphrasing:Suspend your own beliefs for a time by putting yourself in the position of the author whose passage your are paraphrasing, so as not to misrepresent their messageKeep in mind your own argument so it fits into your own agendaUse signal verbs that fit the action:“urge,” “emphasize,” “insist”
16 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question When to Quote:When quoting will strengthen your own argumentComes from a respected authorityWhen summarizing an opposing/alternative view and want to use brief quotations to illustrate accuracyTo give readers a sense of the source’s voiceTo analyze the writer’s choice of words or metaphors
17 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question What to remember when quoting:Quote relevant passagesFrame every quotation (insert it into a “quotation sandwich”)Statement introducing it as top slice of breadExplanation following it as the bottom slice of bread
18 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question Templates for Introducing Quotations (top slice of bread):X states, “______.”In X’s view, “_______.”According to X, _____.”
19 To Paraphrase Or To Quote, That Is The Question Templates for Explaining Quotations(bottom slice of bread):Basically, X is saying ______.In other words, X believes _______.In making this comment, X argues that ______.
20 Let’s Practice Movie: Genre: Criteria of a Good _______ film: My opinion:(this film is / is not a good _____ film.)
21 Let’s Practice Opposing view: Your response: Reasons they give “(Movie Reviewer’s Name) claims the movie_____ is/does _______. While this appears true, overall the film _______.”“Although _____ suggests the film _____ is ______, when considering _____ it becomes obvious that ________.”