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Loans for College Understanding the Different Types of Get in 2 College, LLC.

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1 Loans for College Understanding the Different Types of Loans @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

2 Two Major Types of Loans Non-federal Loans (Private, other sources) –Not based on need –Not government guaranteed –Terms controlled by lender –Interest rates may vary and fluctuate –Most must start repayment immediately Federal Education Loans (Federal Government) -Starts with the completion of a FAFSA form -Perkins loans – need based -Stafford loans – two types, one based on need and one not -PLUS loans – for parents, not need based -Fixed interest rates and sometimes interest and repayment deferred -Some subsidized (government pays interest while student in school) @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

3 Federal Loans Federal loans are one of the Title IV programs Title IV refers to a section of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, which authorizes the vast majority of federal student financial assistance programs. Federal loans are “guaranteed” Federal loans are loans that are guaranteed by the federal government. This means that if the student (or other borrower) defaults on the loan (fails to pay it back), the government will reimburse the lender. Federal loans are a good deal They generally have lower interest rates and better terms that other loans. Some loans are subsidized Means that the government pays the interest while the student is in school. There are 3 types of federal loans @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

4 Perkins Loans Awarded based on high need level Currently fixed 5% interest Repaid starting 9 months after student leaves school or reduces enrollment to less than half time Limited to $5500 per year and $27,500 total cap Controlled by financial aid office at the college Formerly referred to as National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) No loan fee @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

5 Stafford Loans Two types of Stafford Loans: –Subsidized Based on need No interest until 6 months after student leaves school –Unsubsidized Not based on need Any student eligible if FAFSA completed Can defer payment of interest @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

6 PLUS Loans PLUS stands for Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students –Loans are for parents (and graduate students) –Not based on need – income is not a factor –Approved based on credit rating –Fixed interest rate up to 8.5% –Loans may extend up to ten years –No maximum loan amount but schools can use discretion –Loan fees up to 4%, subtracted from the loan amount –A special form is used to apply (see –Must be US citizen (or qualified non-citizen) –Loan must be for educational purposes @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

7 Applying for a Federal Loan The first step is the FAFSA or Free Application for Student Aid The FAFSA must be re-filed annually You can file on line State and school deadlines for the FAFSA vary, but file as early as possible – around January 1 of the year(s) the student will attend You will need Social Security #, Drivers License #, current tax return information, bank and investment statements. (ideally, have your taxes already completed) You can sign electronically if you have a PIN Visit to obtain a PIN (one time only) @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

8 Promissory Notes Loans generally require the signing of a promissory note (PN) prior to disbursement of the funds. A PN is a contract between you and the lender When you sign a PN, you are agreeing to the terms and conditions it contains: rates, terms, fees, penalties etc. Some federal loans use a Master Promissory Note (MPN) which you may be able to sign once for all your loan activity over a 10 year period. It can be completed on line. Always keep a copy of your PN or MPN @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

9 Non-Federal Loans Not guaranteed by the government Come from other sources Also called “private” or “alternative” loans Not based on need Usually less favorable terms Payback & interest generally starts immediately Interest rates generally higher and can fluctuate Lender controls all terms, rates, fees etc. Students may be able to use a cosigner @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

10 Finding Private Lenders Banks or credit unions You college might offer loans themselves Lenders recommended by college aid office State resources – search for your state’s Higher Education Commission and look for aid Sallie Mae offers private education loans Parents could consider a home equity loan Shop around for the best rates, fees and terms! @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

11 What is a Cosigner? What is a cosigner? A cosigner is another person who takes responsibility for the repayment of the loan. They guarantee the debt if the primary borrower fails to pay. As such, this is a large responsibility. Why use a cosigner? Many private loans are based on credit history. If you have none, or a history that isn’t favorable, a cosigner can make the loan possible and/or even help you get a better deal. (rates, fees, terms) @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

12 Final Summary of Loan Advice File a FAFSA – it can’t hurt and doesn’t obligate you to accept any aid whatsoever. If you are offered a federal loan, strongly consider taking it. They are almost always more attractive. If you need other non-federal loan(s), shop carefully and compare rates, fees, and terms before committing. Before accepting any loan, be sure you understand the terms and obligations thoroughly. Ask questions. @2014-15 Get in 2 College, LLC

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