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Apuntes de capítulo 4A Realidades 1 Kentridge High School Sra. Butsch.

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Presentation on theme: "Apuntes de capítulo 4A Realidades 1 Kentridge High School Sra. Butsch."— Presentation transcript:

1 Apuntes de capítulo 4A Realidades 1 Kentridge High School Sra. Butsch

2 Apuntes ( ) What is a verb? – An action word. What is an infinitive? – The unconjugated form a of a verb. In English it is the verb with to before it. In Spanish it is a verb that ends in –ar, – er, or –ir. What does it mean to conjugate? – To change the ending of the verb to tell who does the action and when (past, present, future). Regular verbs all follow the same pattern based on their endings. -ar -o-amos -as-áis -a-an -er -o-emos -es-éis -e-en -ir -o-imos -es-ís -e-en

3 Apuntes ( ) Irregular verbs have spelling changes and don’t follow the exact pattern perfectly, although it maybe similar. You need to memorize these individually. Irregular yo forms, the other forms conjugate normally. – ver – yo veo – hacer – yo hago – saber – yo sé

4 Apuntes ( ) Some verbs have spelling changes in their stem but use similar endings. You need to memorize these individually. tenerpreferirjugar yo tengoprefierojuego tú tienesprefieresjuegas Ud./él/ella tieneprefierejuega nosotros/as tenemospreferimosjugamos vosotros/as tenéispreferísjugáis Uds./ellos/ellas tienenprefierenjuegan NEW VERB NEW VERB

5 Apuntes ( ) Some verbs change radically and look entirely different. You need to memorize these individually. serestarir yo soyestoyvoy tú eresestásvas Ud./él/ella esestáva nosotros/as somosestamosvamos vosotros/as soisestáisvais Uds./ellos/ellas sonestánvan NEW VERB NEW VERB

6 Apuntes ( ) el verbo ir ir means to go. It must be followed by to the – ir + a la (for the feminine locations) – ir + al (for a masculine location) You must conjugate ir voy vas va vamos vais van You must conjugate ir voy vas va vamos vais van

7 Apuntes ( ) el verbo ir When followed by an infinitive verb, ir means to be going to do something. – ir + a + infinitive You must conjugate ir voy vas va vamos vais van You must conjugate ir voy vas va vamos vais van You don’t conjugate the second verb.

8 Apuntes ( ) Preguntas There are two common ways to ask questions. 1.Turning a statement into a question. – Do you have money? – ¿Tienes tú dinero? ¿VERBO + Subject + Other information? We don’t say do when saying questions in Spanish. We add an upside down question mark before the question.

9 Apuntes ( ) Preguntas There are two common way to ask questions. 2.Using a question word. – What do you have in your backpack? – ¿Qué tienes tú en la mochila? ¿Question word + VERBO + Subject + Other information? We don’t say do when saying questions in Spanish. We add an upside down question mark before the question.


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