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Formal (Ud. and Uds.) commands09/28/09 Formal (Ud. and Uds.) commands Formal commands (mandatos) are used to give orders or advice to people you address as usted or ustedes. Their forms are identical to the present subjunctive forms for usted and ustedes. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Familiar (tú) commands09/28/09 Familiar (tú) commands Familar commands are used with people you address as tú. Affirmative tú commands have the same form as the él, ella, and usted form of the present indicative. Negative tú commands have the same form as the tú form of the present subjunctive. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
¡ATENCIÓN! —Toma, ponte esto. Vosotros/as commands09/28/09 Vosotros/as commands In Latin America, ustedes commands serve as the plural of familiar (tú) commands. The familiar plural vosotros/as command is used in Spain. The affirmative command is formed by changing the –r of the infinitive to –d. The negative command is identical to the vosotros/as form of the present subjunctive. bailar: bailad/no bailéis For reflexive verbs, affirmative commands are formed by dropping the –r and adding the reflexive pronoun –os. In negative commands, the pronoun precedes the verb. levantarse: levantaos/no os levantéis Irse is irregular: idos/no os vayáis ¡ATENCIÓN! —Toma, ponte esto. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
09/28/09 Eight verbs have irregular affirmative tú commands. Their negative forms are still the same as the tú form of the present subjunctive. decir di hacer haz ir ve poner pon salir sal ser sé tener ten venir ven © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
09/28/09 Nosotros/as commands Nosotros/as commands are used to give orders or suggestions that include yourself as well as others. They correspond to the English let’s + [verb]. Affirmative and negative nosotros/as commands are generally identical to the nosotros/as forms of the present subjunctive. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
09/28/09 The verb ir has two possible affirmative nosotros/as commands: vayamos, the form identical to that of the present subjunctive, and the more common vamos. In the negative, however, use only no vayamos. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Using pronouns with commands09/28/09 Using pronouns with commands When object and reflexive pronouns are used with affirmative commands, they are always attached to the verb. When used with negative commands, the pronouns appear between no and the verb. Levántense temprano. No se levanten temprano. Wake up early. Don’t wake up early. Dímelo todo. No me lo digas. Tell me everything. Don’t tell it to me. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
09/28/09 When one or more pronouns are attached to an affirmative command, an accent mark may be necessary to maintain the command form’s original stress. This usually happens when the combined verb form has three or more syllables. decir: di, dile, dímelo diga, dígale, dígaselo digamos, digámosle, digámoselo ¡ATENCIÓN! © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Let’s give it to him tomorrow. Let’s not give it to him tomorrow.09/28/09 When the pronouns nos or se are attached to an affirmative nosotros/as command, the final s of the command form is dropped. Sentémonos aquí. No nos sentemos aquí. Let’s sit here. Let’s not sit here. Démoselo mañana. No se lo demos mañana. Let’s give it to him tomorrow. Let’s not give it to him tomorrow. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Indirect (él, ella, ellos, ellas) commands09/28/09 Indirect (él, ella, ellos, ellas) commands The construction que + [subjunctive] can be used with a third-person form to express indirect commands that correspond to the English let someone do something. If the subject of the indirect command is expressed, it usually follows the verb. Que pase el siguiente. Que lo haga ella. Let the next person pass. Let her do it. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Que no lo vuelvan a hacer.09/28/09 Unlike with direct commands, pronouns are never attached to the conjugated verb. Que se lo den los otros. Que no se lo den. Que lo vuelvan a hacer. Que no lo vuelvan a hacer. © 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs
Affirmative Tú Commands
The First-Person-Plural Imperative
In Spanish, the command forms are used to give orders or advice
Affirmative Commands Y Negative Commands
¿Cómo y cuándo lo usamos?
Affirmative Familiar Commands
Commands and Pronoun Placement
Los Mandatos Informales To form the informal (tú) commands you usually use the third person singular (él, ella) of the Present tense: hablarhabla comercome.
Pronouns with commands
Srta. Forgue El 10 de enero de 2011
Affirmative Tú Commands Part two
Mandatos en La Forma Nosotros Nosotros Commands i
Mandatos Informales (tú) Let’s review how to form affirmative tú commands. It is SIMPLE! Just put the verb in the “usted” form of the PRESENT INDICATIVE.
Affirmative Tú Commands WALK! EAT! SLEEP!. In Spanish… When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!-
El Imperfecto. The imperfect form of hay is había (there was; there were; there used to be). ¡Atención! Ir, ser, and ver are the only verbs that are irregular.
FORMAL COMMANDS To give orders To give advise. FORMAL COMMANDS Usted (you formal) Ustedes (you all in Latin America; you all formal in Spain).
As you learned in Lección 2, the command forms are used to give orders or advice. Formal commands are used with people you address as usted or ustedes.
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