Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Divorce Divorce in the United States Macro Factors Contributing to Divorce Micro Factors Contributing to Divorce Consequences of Divorce for."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 14 Divorce Divorce in the United States Macro Factors Contributing to Divorce Micro Factors Contributing to Divorce Consequences of Divorce for Spouses Effects of Divorce on Children Conditions of a Successful Divorce Alternatives to Divorce
Macro Factors Contributing to Divorce Egalitarian Role perceptions - Marriages where women have egalitarian rather than traditional views have a higher divorce rate. Economic independence of women - Wives who earn income can afford to leave husbands in an unhappy marriage.
Macro Factors Contributing to Divorce Changing family functions and structure - There are fewer reasons to keep the family together. Liberal Divorce Laws - No fault divorce laws permit easy divorce in every state Few moral/religious sanctions
Macro Factors Contributing to Divorce Divorce Models - The more divorced people one knows, the greater chance the person will divorce. Mobility/Anonymity - With few ties and greater anonymity, the social control to stay married decreases. Individualistic goals
Micro Factors Contributing to Divorce Negative behavior - Sexual infidelity, drinking, not communicating, and anger. Lack Of Conflict Resolution Skills - Spouses often attack, blame, fail to listen and don’t move conversation toward resolution.
Micro Factors Contributing to Divorce Value Changes - Radical change to or from religion may rock a marriage. Satiation - Going to new places, doing new things, and making time for intimacy tend to reduce this effect.
Micro Factors Contributing to Divorce Extramarital relationship - New person is seen as alternative to negative interaction with spouse Perception that being divorced is better than being married - 2/3 of applications for divorce filed by woman.
Top Ten Factors for Divorce 1. Courtship less than two years 2. Few common interests/values. 3. Marrying in teens. 4. Not being religiously devout. 5. Differences in race/education/religion/social class.
Top Ten Factors for Divorce 6. History of cohabitation. 7. Previous marriage. 8. No children. 9. Spending little leisure time together. 10. Urban residence.
Emotional and Psychological Consequences Divorced more likely to be depressed, abuse alcohol/drugs and commit suicide. Women have easier emotional time since they have more supportive relationships. Men get involved in new relationships sooner.
Financial Consequences Both women and men have lower incomes after divorce. Income drop for women is 40%, for men 17%. Only 3% of divorces involve prenuptial agreement. Over 50% of custodial mothers receive child support which is inadequate and infrequent.
Minimize Negative Effects On Children Factors Cooperative relationship between parents. Both parents stay involved in children's lives. Parents nurture children’s relationship with other parent. Continue to assert parental authority. No new children in new marriage.
Minimize Negative Effects on Children Factors Temperament of child that allows for easy adjustment to change. Regular and consistent child support payments Limited changes in residence, friends, school, teachers. Divorce mediation
A “Successful” Divorce Factors Mediation rather than litigation. Co-parenting with ex-spouse. Each partner assumes some blame. View divorce positively. Avoid alcohol/drugs
A “Successful” Divorce Factors Stress reduction via aerobic exercise. Continue interpersonal connections with friends/family. Stop reliving divorce - let it go. Allow time to heal - 18 to 24 months.
Alternatives To Divorce Annulment Separation Desertion