PLAGRIASM Faculty of Computer Science University of Indonesia 2011 By: Zainal A. Hasibuan
Did You Know? The word plagiarism comes from the Latin plagiarius meaning "kidnapper"
What is plagiarism? “If you attempt to use another person's work as if it were your own: –without adequate acknowledgement of the original source; –and if this is done in work that you submit for a grade then you are attempting to deceive your teacher, your parents, or anyone reading the paper. In other words, plagiarism is cheating and it is deceitful in that you are trying to claim the credit for something that is not your work”.
The Simplest Definition of Plagiarism: PoliticsNJ, The Pulblis Group, Hoboken, NJ. http://www.politicsnj.com/plagerism090903.htm. http://www.politicsnj.com/plagerism090903.htm
Joke Plagiarism Some of the things that you think you know about plagiarism may be wrong. Alive or dead, it does not matter. If it is not your own idea, you must cite your source!! Carnegie Mellon University, Enhancing Education, “Plagiarism and the Web.” http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/resources/plagiarism.html. http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/resources/plagiarism.html
The Plagiarism Handbook by Roger A. Harris, http://www.pyrczak.com/antiplagiarism/index.htm.http://www.pyrczak.com/antiplagiarism/index.htm
Two types of plagiarism: Intentional –Copying a friend’s work –Buying or borrowing papers –Cutting and pasting blocks of text from electronic sources without documenting –Media “borrowing”without documentation –Web publishing without permissions of creators Unintentional –Careless paraphrasing –Poor documentation –Quoting excessively –Failure to use your own “voice”
What’s the big deal? If I change a few words, I’m okay, right? Wrong! Paraphrasing original ideas without documenting your source, is plagiarism too!
You cannot use someone else’s paper, art work, or presentation without proper citation even if he gave you permission. (Of course, your instructor may not want someone else’s paper as your work even with proper citation!) You may even have to cite yourself. If you created a work for a previous paper or presentation, and you are using it again, you must cite your previous work. Did you notice that ‘roommate’ is spelled incorrectly on the previous slide?
Guidelines for avoiding plagiarism Use your own words and ideas. This is a skill that improves with practice. It requires an under- standing of the topic It requires that you give yourself credit for your own abilities
Plagiaris m Trying to claim the credit for something that is not your work. Plagiarism – Don’t Do It !!!
Scientific Writing 2010 American Psychology Assoc. (APA) –(Marcuse, 1975, p. 197) –Marcuse, S. (1975). A Survey of musical instruments. New York: Harper and Row. MLA –(Marcuse 1975) –Marcuse, Sibyl. A Survey of Musical Instruments. New York: Harper, 1975.
Scientific Writing 2010 Citing Books: –Author’s name. Title of book. 2 nd ed. 2 vols. Publisher. Marcuse, Sibyl. A Survey of Musical Instruments. New York: Harper, 1975. –Two authors Jakobson, Roman, and Linda R. Waugh. Title of books. Publisher. –Three authors or more: –Gilman, Sender, et al. Title of book. Publisher
Scientific Writing 2010 Pamflet or leaflet –Government Publication United Nations. Consequences of Rapid Population Growth in Developing Countries. New York: Taylor, 1991. –Proceeding or conference Freed, Barbara F., ed. Foreign Language Acquisition Research and the Classroom. Proceeding. Of Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning Conference, Oct. 1989, U of Pensylvania. Lexington: Heath, 1991. –Dissertation: Author. Title. Dissertation. University.
Scientific Writing 2010 –Article from journal, news paper, magazine –Author. “title”. publisher Barthelme, Frederick. “Architecture.” Kansas Quarterly 13. 3-4 (1981): 77-80. Feder, Barnaby J. “For Job Seekers, a Toll-Free Gift of Expert Advice.” New York Times 30 December 1993. Frank, Michael. “The Wild, Wild West.” Archetectural Digest June 1993: 180-190. –Citing from CD-ROM Angier, Natalie. “Chemist Learn Why Vegetables Are Good for You.” New York Times 13 April 1993. New York Times Ondisc. CD-ROM. UMI-Proquest. October 1993. –“Time Warner, Inc.: Sales Summary, 1988 – 1992.” Disclosure/Wordscope. CD-ROM. October 1993.