2 Basic Word Structure Learning a new language- Medicine Medical Terminology
3 Objectives 1.Analyze words 2.Relate with structure and function of Human body3.Be aware of spellings and pronounciation
4 1.Analyze words Divide them into component parts Do not simply memorize termsComponent parts can be used in different combinations
5 2.Relate with structure and function of Human body Memorization of term, although essential for retention of language, but should not become primary objective of your studyExampleHepatitis-inflammation of liverHepat + itisHepat -liverItis - inflammation
10 ILIUM ILEUMThe ilium is one of the bones which makes up the hipbone. It is the largest of the three hipbones, and can be felt as the hip.
11 How to divide words into component parts RootCombining vowelSuffix
12 Hematology Hematology Heme/Hemat O Logy Heme-Hemat – Blood (Root) Logy- Study of (Suffix)O – (combining vowel)
13 Electr / o / cardi /o/ gram Electr – electricity Cardi- Heart (Root)Gram – record (Suffix)O – (combining vowel)Record of electricity of heart orRecording of electrical activity of Heart
14 Summary ROOT---gives the essential meaning of the term. SUFFIX---is the word endingPREFIX---is a small part added to the beginning of a term.COMBINING VOWEL---connects roots to suffix and roots to other roots.COMBINING FORM---is the combination of the root and the combining vowel.
15 IMPORTANT RULES TO REMEMBER READ the meaning of medical words from the suffix to the beginning of the word and then across.DROP the combining vowel before a suffix that starts with a vowel.KEEP the combining vowel between word roots,even if the second root begins with a vowel.
16 COMBINING FORMS COMBINING FORM MEANING MEDICAL TERM Aden/o gland adenomaArthr/ojointarthritisBi/olifebiologyCarcin/ocancercarcinomaCephal/oheadCephalicCerebr/ocerebrumcerebralCyst/oUrinary bladderCystoscopeThromb/oclottingthrombocyte