2 Write these…List the 6 botanical names for fruits? Define and give examples of each.What nutrients are in fruits?The color of the fruit tells about its…What are the colors of fruits what are examples of each, and what health benefits do they provide?What is enzymatic browning?How can it be prevented?
15 Botanical Names1. Pomes - Smooth skin and an enlarged fleshy area that surrounds the core.Ex. apple, pear, kiwi2. Drupes - Contain a single seed, or pit, surrounded by juicy flesh.Ex. peach, cherry, plum, nectarines, apricot3. Berries - Fragile cell structure; pulpy and juicy; tiny seeds embedded in flesh.Ex. blackberries, cranberries, strawberries, grapes
16 Botanical Names4. Melons - Hard out surface that is smooth or netted; juicy flesh.Ex. cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon, casaba, Crenshaw,5. Citrus Fruits - Grow in warm regions; firm rind and pulpy flesh.Ex. oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, lemons, limes, kumquats, citrons, tangelos,6. Tropical Fruits - grow in very warm climates; differ in skin composition and seed characteristics.Ex. bananas, pineapple, avocados, dates, figs, mangos, pomegranates, and papaya
18 Vitamin C -found in citrus fruits.prevent scurvygums become soft and can bleed easilywounds and broken bones do not heal properly
19 Vitamin A -Prevents night blindness, associatedfound in fruits that are yellow to red in colorYellow - melons, pineapples, apricots, peaches
20 Minerals:iron - for red blood , found in oranges, strawberries, cantaloupes; dried fruits - figs, dates, raisins, prunes, apricotscalcium - for strong bones and teeth, found in oranges, strawberries, cantaloupes, dried fruits - figs, dates, raisins, prunes, apricots
22 The “5 A Day The Color Way” logo reminds you to include a wide variety of colorful fruits and vegetables in your daily diet.
23 The color of the fruit tells about its health-promoting powers. Try to consume fruits and vegetables from the five color groups every day.The color groups are RED, ORANGE- YELLOW, GREEN, BLUE/PURPLE and WHITE.
24 Red fruits and vegetables promote heart health. Yellow and orange fruits and vegetables may reduce risk of certain cancers.White fruits and vegetables promote healthy cholesterol levels.Green fruits and vegetables promote vision health.Blue and purple fruits and vegetables help maintain memory.
25 REDIncluding red fruits and vegetables in a low fat diet helps maintain:· Heart health· Memory function· A lower risk of some cancers· Urinary tract healthFruits:Blood OrangesCherriesCranberriesPink/Red GrapefruitPomegranatesRaspberriesRed ApplesRed GrapesStrawberriesRed Watermelon
26 Including yellow and orange fruits in a low fat diet helps maintain: ORANGE/YELLOWIncluding yellow and orange fruits in a low fat diet helps maintain:· A lower risk of some cancers· Heart health· Vision health· A healthy immune systemApricotsCantaloupeGooseberriesKiwifruitGrapefruitLemonsMangosNectarinesOrangesJuicePapayasPeachesPersimmonsPineapplesTangerinesYellow ApplesYellow FigsYellow PearsYellow Watermelon
27 WHITEIncluding white fruits and vegetables in a low fat diet helps maintain:· Heart health· Healthy cholesterol levelsFruitsApple JuiceBananasBrown PearsDatesWhite NectarinesWhite Peaches
28 GREENIncluding green fruits and vegetables in a low fat diet helps maintain:· Vision health· A lower risk of some cancers· Strong bones and teethFruitsAvocadosGreen ApplesGreen GrapesGreen PearsHoneydew MelonKiwifruitLimes
29 ·A lower risk of some cancers· Urinary tract health ·Memory function BLUE/PURPLEIncluding blue and purple fruits and vegetables in a low fat diet helps maintain:·A lower risk of some cancers·Urinary tract health·Memory function·Healthy agingEyesightFruits:Blackberries Black Currants Blueberries Dried Plums Elderberries PlumsPurple Figs Purple Grapes Raisins
31 Contains no fat, cholesterol, or sodium (salt). 1 medium-sized apple:Contains no fat, cholesterol, or sodium (salt).Gives you more fiber than a serving of oatmeal.Has a bit of deadly hydrogen cyanide in the seeds!
33 Browning results from the fresh fruit being exposed to air and being affected by the oxygen in the air.High-acid fruits do not brown when exposed to air.Browning is not a reversible process.
34 To prevent browning, cover the fruit immediately after peeling it with a juice containing a high Vitamin C content, or salad dressing.
35 CYANIDE IN APPLES"Amygdalin" is a cyanogenic glycoside compound which commonly occurs in the seeds or kernels of apples, almonds, apricots, cherries, and peachesNormally, the presence of amygdalin alone in these seeds and kernels is not dangerous, however, cyanide can be formed when the seed is crushed and moistened.Acute intoxication and death have been reported in children following the ingestion of apricot seeds, which are capable of releasing 217 mg of cyanide per 100 g of moist seed.
37 1 egg & 1 t milk beaten together Basic Pie Dough1/3 cup all-purpose flour1/2 cup vegetable shortening1/2 teaspoon salt3 tablespoons cold waterEgg wash1 egg & 1 t milk beaten togetherPre-heat oven to 400°F.Roll out your pie dough on a lightly floured surface and cut into six 5x5-inch squares.Place one apple slice in the center of each square.Use a pastry brush to brush the egg wash on the border of the pastry.Fold each pastry into a triangle,enclosing the filling, and crimp edges with a fork.6. Brush the tops of the pastries with more of the egg wash.7. Cut 2 or 3 small steam vents in the top of each turnover.8. Place the pastries in the oven and bake at 400°F for 20 minutes, or until puffed and golden.
38 1. ganrose 2. palpes 3. sanbaan 4. neippalsep 5. aptcoenaul Unscramble the following letters to spell out the names of fruits. Then write the appropriate letter that corresponds to the classification of each fruit.B= Berries D=Drupes P=Pomes C=Citrus FruitsM=Melon T=Tropical Fruits1. ganrose2. palpes3. sanbaan4. neippalsep5. aptcoenaul6. rebrebslieu7. wabreriestrs8. pergaftuir9. sperag10. yapaap11. twiirfkui12. shercrie13. yhweeond14. sapre15. gantrinsee16. coptairs17. slomen18. tnelwamero19. muslp20. chepsea21. gisf22. dovcaao23. snirrrbeeca24. semli25. acaabs